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NONIONIC SURFACTANTS

Products with this unspecific ingredient may be composed of any the specific substances listed below. The evidence shown is based on the most concerning group member.
Asthma/Respiratory
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
High Concern
 
Cancer
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Environment
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Top scoring factors: Evidence of developmental/endocrine/reproductive effects; chronic aquatic toxicity; acute aquatic toxicity
This unspecific ingredient, Nonionic surfactants, can be found in 248 products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Nonionic surfactants
Clear evidence of endocrine disruption in at least one animal study
 
high
 
EU Endocrine Disrupters - EU Endocrine
Nonionic surfactants
A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency alternatives assessment found 4-nonylphenol to possess very high acute aquatic toxicity.
 
high
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2012. DfE Alternatives Assessment for Nonylphenol Ethoxylates.
Nonionic surfactants
A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency alternatives assessment found 4-nonylphenol to possess very high chronic aquatic toxicity.
 
high
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2012. DfE Alternatives Assessment for Nonylphenol Ethoxylates.
Nonionic surfactants
A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency alternatives assessment found 4-nonylphenol to be persistent in the environment, especially under anaerobic conditions.
 
high
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2012. DfE Alternatives Assessment for Nonylphenol Ethoxylates.
Nonionic surfactants
A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency alternatives assessment found nonylphenol ethoxylates have high acute aquatic toxicity.
 
moderate
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2012. DfE Alternatives Assessment for Nonylphenol Ethoxylates.
Nonionic surfactants
A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency alternatives assessment found nonylphenol ethoxylates have high chronic aquatic toxicity.
 
moderate
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2012. DfE Alternatives Assessment for Nonylphenol Ethoxylates.
Nonionic surfactants
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
Causes serious eye damage
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)

Impurities

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
Clear evidence of endocrine disruption in at least one animal study
 
some
 
EU Endocrine Disrupters - EU Endocrine
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency alternatives assessment found 4-nonylphenol to possess very high acute aquatic toxicity.
 
some
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2012. DfE Alternatives Assessment for Nonylphenol Ethoxylates.
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency alternatives assessment found 4-nonylphenol to possess very high chronic aquatic toxicity.
 
some
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2012. DfE Alternatives Assessment for Nonylphenol Ethoxylates.
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency alternatives assessment found 4-nonylphenol to be persistent in the environment, especially under anaerobic conditions.
 
some
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2012. DfE Alternatives Assessment for Nonylphenol Ethoxylates.
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Suspected of causing cancer
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
May cause genetic defects
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
May cause cancer
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Known to cause reproductive toxicity (to females)
 
some
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Known to cause reproductive toxicity
 
some
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Known to cause reproductive toxicity (to males)
 
some
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
IARC 103 - IARC
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Known To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
NTP 12th RoC - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Reasonably Anticipated To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
NTP 12th RoC - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Toxic if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Causes cancer
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
liver damage
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Asthmagen (irritation)
 
some
 
AOEC Asthmagen list - AOEC
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes pulmonary edema
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes skin corrosion
Only in: Oven Cleaner; Drain Opener/Clog Remover
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes reproductive effects
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes leukemia
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes peritoneal cancer
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
cancer
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
central nervous system impairment
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
suspected human carcinogen
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency alternatives assessment found nonylphenol ethoxylates have high acute aquatic toxicity.
 
some
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2012. DfE Alternatives Assessment for Nonylphenol Ethoxylates.
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency alternatives assessment found nonylphenol ethoxylates have high chronic aquatic toxicity.
 
some
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2012. DfE Alternatives Assessment for Nonylphenol Ethoxylates.
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Possibly carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
IARC 103 - IARC
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
EPA testing shows this substance has high acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
some
 
EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Asthmagen
 
some
 
AOEC Asthmagen list - AOEC
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Only in: Oven Cleaner; Drain Opener/Clog Remover; Hard Water Stain Remover; Toilet Cleaner; Stove Top Cleaner; Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
May cause respiratory irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
May cause respiratory irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Causes respiratory irritation
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes respiratory irritation
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
NTP Toxcast scored 0.5-1.5
 
some
 
EWG Toxcast Analysis - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Causes skin irritation
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes skin irritation
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes eye corrosion
Only in: Drain Opener/Clog Remover; Oven Cleaner
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
may cause respiratory irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Only in: Oven Cleaner; Drain Opener/Clog Remover; Hard Water Stain Remover; Toilet Cleaner; Stove Top Cleaner; Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: PHENOL, P-NONYL-
Causes serious eye damage
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes serious eye damage
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
EPA testing shows this substance has low acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
low
 
EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Nonionic surfactants
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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