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C

GUMS

Products with this unspecific ingredient may be composed of any the specific substances listed below. The evidence shown is based on the most concerning group member.
Asthma/Respiratory
 
Moderate Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
Low Concern
 
Cancer
 
Some Concern
 
Environment
 
Low Concern
 
Top scoring factors: May contain ingredients with potential for respiratory effects; general systemic/organ effects; skin irritation/allergies/damage
This unspecific ingredient, Gums, can be found in products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Gums
Asthmagen (allergic)
 
moderate
 
AOEC Asthmagen list - AOEC
Gums
Component: BENZYL ALCOHOL
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
moderate
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Gums
Component: BENZYL ALCOHOL
Harmful if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
moderate
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Gums
Asthmagen
 
some
 
AOEC Asthmagen list - AOEC
Gums
Component: ANISE ALCOHOL
Recognized by the European Union as a skin allergen
 
some
 
Allergen list - EU Cosmetics Directive
Gums
Component: ANISE ALCOHOL
The European Commission's Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety reports this substance is an established contact allergen in humans.
 
some
 
Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011) - EU Cosmetics Directive
Gums
Component: GERANIOL
Recognized by the European Union as a skin allergen
 
some
 
Allergen list - EU Cosmetics Directive
Gums
Component: GERANIOL
The European Commission's Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety reports this substance is an established contact allergen in humans.
 
some
 
Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011) - EU Cosmetics Directive
Gums
Component: LINALOOL
Recognized by the European Union as a skin allergen
 
some
 
Allergen list - EU Cosmetics Directive
Gums
Component: LINALOOL
The European Commission's Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety reports this substance is an established contact allergen in humans.
 
some
 
Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011) - EU Cosmetics Directive
Gums
Component: BENZYL ALCOHOL
Recognized by the European Union as a skin allergen
 
some
 
Allergen list - EU Cosmetics Directive
Gums
Component: BENZYL ALCOHOL
The European Commission's Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety reports this substance is an established contact allergen in humans.
 
some
 
Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011) - EU Cosmetics Directive
Gums
A Cosmetic Ingredient Review panel reports this substance can cause allergies.
 
some
 
2005. Final report of the safety assessment of Acacia catechu gum, Acacia concinna fruit extract, Acacia dealbata leaf extract, Acacia dealbata leaf wax, Acacia decurrens extract, Acacia farnesiana extract, Acacia farnesiana flower wax, Acacia farnesiana gum, A. International journal of toxicology 24 Suppl 3, 75-118.
Gums
Component: GERANIOL
NTP Toxcast scored 0.5-1.5
 
some
 
EWG Toxcast Analysis - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Gums
Component: LINALOOL
NTP Toxcast scored 0.5-1.5
 
some
 
EWG Toxcast Analysis - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Gums
Component: BENZYL ALCOHOL
NTP Toxcast scored 0.5-1.5
 
some
 
EWG Toxcast Analysis - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Gums
Component: LINALOOL
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance is a significant skin sensitizer after oxidation.
 
some
 
Johanna Bråred Christensson, Mihály Matura, Birgitta Gruvberger, Magnus Bruze & Ann-Therese Karlberg. 2010. Linalool--a significant contact sensitizer after air exposure. Contact dermatitis 62(1), 32-41.
Gums
Component: LINALOOL
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance is a significant skin sensitizer after oxidation.
 
some
 
Johanna Bråred Christensson, Pia Forsström, Ann-Marie Wennberg, Ann-Therese Karlberg & Mihály Matura. 2009. Air oxidation increases skin irritation from fragrance terpenes. Contact dermatitis 60(1), 32-40.
Gums
Component: LINALOOL
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance is a significant skin sensitizer after oxidation.
 
some
 
Deirdre A. Buckley. 2011. Allergy to oxidized linalool in the UK. Contact dermatitis 64(4), 240-1.
Gums
Component: LINALOOL
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance is a contact skin allergen.
 
some
 
Mihály Matura, Ian R. White, Cecilia Svedman, Jeanne D. Johansen, An Goossens, Peter Frosch, Magnus Bruze, Klaus E. Andersen, Anna Börje, Maria Sköld & Ann-Therese Karlberg. 2005. Selected oxidized fragrance terpenes are common contact allergens. Contact dermatitis 52(6), 320-8.
Gums
A Cosmetic Ingredient Review panel reports this substance is unlikely to be a skin irritant.
 
low
 
2005. Final report of the safety assessment of Acacia catechu gum, Acacia concinna fruit extract, Acacia dealbata leaf extract, Acacia dealbata leaf wax, Acacia decurrens extract, Acacia farnesiana extract, Acacia farnesiana flower wax, Acacia farnesiana gum, A. International journal of toxicology 24 Suppl 3, 75-118.
Gums
A Cosmetic Ingredient Review panel reports this substance is unlikely to be genotoxic.
 
low
 
2005. Final report of the safety assessment of Acacia catechu gum, Acacia concinna fruit extract, Acacia dealbata leaf extract, Acacia dealbata leaf wax, Acacia decurrens extract, Acacia farnesiana extract, Acacia farnesiana flower wax, Acacia farnesiana gum, A. International journal of toxicology 24 Suppl 3, 75-118.
Gums
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Gums
A Cosmetic Ingredient Review panel reports this substance is not a reproductive or developmental toxicant.
 
low
 
2005. Final report of the safety assessment of Acacia catechu gum, Acacia concinna fruit extract, Acacia dealbata leaf extract, Acacia dealbata leaf wax, Acacia decurrens extract, Acacia farnesiana extract, Acacia farnesiana flower wax, Acacia farnesiana gum, A. International journal of toxicology 24 Suppl 3, 75-118.
Gums
Component: ANISE ALCOHOL
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Gums
Component: GERANIOL
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Gums
Component: LINALOOL
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Gums
Component: TERPENES
A review article reports that terpenes may have anticancer properties.
 
low
 
Girija Kuttan, Poyil Pratheeshkumar, Kanjoormana Aryan Manu & Ramadasan Kuttan. 2011. Inhibition of tumor progression by naturally occurring terpenoids. Pharmaceutical biology 49(10), 995-1007.
Gums
Component: BENZYL ALCOHOL
European Union Ecolabel program data shows this substance has moderate acute toxicity to aquatic life
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
Gums
Component: BENZYL ALCOHOL
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Gums
Component: BENZYL ALCOHOL
The European Union Ecolabel program reports this substance is readily biodegradable.
 
low
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
Gums
Component: BENZYL ALCOHOL
The European Union Ecolabel program reports this substance is anaerobically degradable.
 
low
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel

Impurities

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Suspected of causing cancer
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Only in: Oven Cleaner; Drain Opener/Clog Remover; Hard Water Stain Remover; Toilet Cleaner; Stove Top Cleaner; Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
IARC 103 - IARC
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Known To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
NTP 12th RoC - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Probably carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Toxic if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Toxic in contact with skin
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Toxic if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Generally accepted as an asthmagen
 
some
 
AOEC Asthmagen list - AOEC
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Causes nasal cancer
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
suspected human carcinogen
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Asthmagen
 
some
 
AOEC Asthmagen list - AOEC
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
May cause an allergic skin reaction
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
European Union Ecolabel program data shows this substance has high acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
some
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Only in: Drain Opener/Clog Remover; Oven Cleaner; Hard Water Stain Remover; Toilet Cleaner; Stove Top Cleaner; Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Causes respiratory irritation
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Causes skin irritation
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
NTP Toxcast scored 0.5-1.5
 
some
 
EWG Toxcast Analysis - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
eye irritation
 
low
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
EPA testing shows this substance has moderate acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
low
 
EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Gums
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
The European Union Ecolabel program reports this substance is readily biodegradable.
 
low
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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