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Sodium Nitrate

Sodium Nitrate
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Overall Sodium Nitrate is of moderate concern in food.

The overall ingredient concern is determined by using a weight of evidence evaluation of the known safety or hazards. In calculating an overall ingredient score multiple findings of low concern may lead to an overall moderate concern rating, or multiple moderate concerns may lead to a high concern rating. For more details read EWG's ingredient concern methodology.

Specific concerns for Sodium Nitrate

Concern
 
Level of Concern in Food
 
Source
The International Agency for Research on Cancer reports this substance causes thyroid effects.
 
moderate
2010. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. Ingested nitrate and nitrite, and cyanobacterial peptide toxins. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans / World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer 94, v-vii, 1-412.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer reports this substance is probably carcinogenic to humans when ingested.
 
moderate
2010. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. Ingested nitrate and nitrite, and cyanobacterial peptide toxins. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans / World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer 94, v-vii, 1-412.
The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives reports that this substance decreases growth in animals at high doses.
 
lower
Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). 2003. Safety evaluation of certain food additives. WHO Food Additives Series, No. 50, 2003, nos 1053-1071 on INCHEM.
Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives reports this substance shows limited evidence of carcinogenicity.
 
lower
Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). 2003. Safety evaluation of certain food additives. WHO Food Additives Series, No. 50, 2003, nos 1053-1071 on INCHEM.
 

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