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Sodium Polyphosphates

Sodium Polyphosphates
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Overall Sodium Polyphosphates is of moderate concern in food.

The overall ingredient concern is determined by using a weight of evidence evaluation of the known safety or hazards. In calculating an overall ingredient score multiple findings of low concern may lead to an overall moderate concern rating, or multiple moderate concerns may lead to a high concern rating. For more details read EWG's ingredient concern methodology.

Specific concerns for Sodium Polyphosphates

Concern
 
Level of Concern in Food
 
Source
A review article reports phosphates increase risk for cardiovascular disease in people with chronic kidney disease.
 
lower for people
with special conditions
Jaime Uribarri. 2007. Phosphorus homeostasis in normal health and in chronic kidney disease patients with special emphasis on dietary phosphorus intake. Seminars in dialysis 20(4), 295-301.
A review article reports phosphates are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease in people.
 
lower
Eberhard Ritz, Kai Hahn, Markus Ketteler, Martin K. Kuhlmann & Johannes Mann. 2012. Phosphate additives in food--a health risk. Deutsches Ärzteblatt international 109(4), 49-55.
A review article reports phosphates are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease in people.
 
lower
Robert N. Foley. 2009. Phosphate levels and cardiovascular disease in the general population. Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN 4(6), 1136-9.
A review article reports phosphates are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease in people.
 
lower
Geoffrey A. Block, Keith Hruska, Harald Jüppner, Myles Wolf, Marcello Tonelli, Ravi I. Thadhani, Kevin J. Martin, Markus Ketteler, Joachim H. Ix & David C. Wheeler. 2013. Phosphate Homeostasis in CKD: Report of a Scientific Symposium Sponsored by the National Kidney Foundation. American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation.
A review article reports phosphates are associated with increased risk for kidney disease in people.
 
lower
Geoffrey A. Block, Keith Hruska, Harald Jüppner, Myles Wolf, Marcello Tonelli, Ravi I. Thadhani, Kevin J. Martin, Markus Ketteler, Joachim H. Ix & David C. Wheeler. 2013. Phosphate Homeostasis in CKD: Report of a Scientific Symposium Sponsored by the National Kidney Foundation. American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation.
A peer-reviewed publication reports phosphates are associated with increased risk for coronary artery disease in people.
 
lower
Ana Ludimila Cancela, Vanda Jorgetti, Fabiana Giorgetti Graciolli, Luciene Machado dos Reis, Pedro Alves Lemos, Carlos Eduardo Rochitte, Patrícia Taschner Goldenstein, Silvia Maria Titan, Raul Dias Santos & Rosa Maria Moysés. 2012. Phosphorus is associated with coronary artery disease in patients with preserved renal function. PloS one 7(5), e36883.
A peer-reviewed publication reports phosphates are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease in people.
 
lower
Ravi Dhingra, Lisa M. Sullivan, Caroline S. Fox, Thomas J. Wang, Ralph B. D'Agostino, J. Michael Gaziano & Ramachandran S. Vasan. 2007. Relations of serum phosphorus and calcium levels to the incidence of cardiovascular disease in the community. Archives of internal medicine 167(9), 879-85.
 

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