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Hundreds of City Slickers, Wealthy Beach Bums Received Farm Payments for 32 Straight Years

Thursday, June 21, 2018

EWG found that 245 people who have received taxpayer-funded farm subsidies or disaster payments for 32 straight years currently reside in the nation's 50 largest cities, according to an analysis of Department of Agriculture data.

These individuals received a total of $52 million between 1985 and 2016, including six recipients who each collected more than $1 million.


Nationwide, almost 28,000 people received taxpayer-funded federal farm subsidies or disaster relief payments every year between 1985 and 2016, according to the USDA data.


While many urban subsidy recipients reside in Midwestern cities – like Dallas and Austin, Texas, and Oklahoma City – repeat subsidy recipients also live in cities ranging from Washington, D.C., to Las Vegas, Nev., to the Bay Area in California.


Photo: Annette O Martin Living Trust's home in Las Vegas, Nev., via


Photo: Delia Hedlund's home in Washington D.C., via Google Maps


Some repeat subsidy recipients also live in waterfront mansions worth millions or have homes just blocks from the Santa Monica Pier.


Raymond Armbruster, who resides in a beachside mansion in Osprey, Fla. – worth more than $7.8 million, according to Zillow – received a payment every year between 1985 and 2016, and received $808,000 in taxpayer-funded farm subsidies between 1995 and 2016.

Photos: Raymond Armbruster's home in Osprey, Fla., via

Here is a partial description of Armbruster’s mansion, courtesy of the real estate website.

Surrounded by serene tropical landscaping, an entry gate ensures coveted privacy while the property itself spans 1.18 acres from Little Sarasota Bay to the Gulf of Mexico with 100' of frontage on both sides. 

The outdoor living spaces are simply breathtaking, and include a summer kitchen, outdoor shower, and Bayfront patio with heated infinity-edge pool with waterfall. A four-plus car garage completes the picture. A covered dock with 10,000 lb boat lift makes boating a simple pleasure. Casey Key is recognized as one of Florida's most prestigious addresses, exuding a unique blend of affluence, elegance and Old Florida charm. 

Cynthia Cotton lives in a seven-bedroom, five-bath home in Santa Monica, Calif., just blocks from the beach, which Zillow estimates is worth $4.2 million. Cotton has received a farm subsidy payment every year for the last 32 years, and received more than $153,000 in farm subsidies between 1995 and 2016.

Photo: Cynthia Cotton's home in Santa Monica, Calif., via

EWG previously reported that 17,836 of all farm subsidy recipients in 2015 and 2016 lived in these and many other cities across the U.S. In theory, farm subsidy recipients must be “actively engaged” in farming, but many subsidy recipients do not live or work on farms. Last month, the Government Accountability Office reported that in 2015, almost one-fourth of farm subsidy recipients did not personally provide labor on the farm.


Photos: Barbara Moore's home in Amelia Island, Fla., via


EWG’s new analysis comes as Congress seeks to impose new work requirements on parents with young children and older Americans who receive anti-hunger assistance. The House failed to pass a new farm bill last month, but congressional leaders have pledged to try again this week.


The Senate Agriculture Committee failed to require that subsidy recipients live and work on farms, as proposed by Sen. Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, but the full Senate is expected to debate Grassley’s “actively engaged in farming” amendment next week.


By contrast, House leaders refused to allow the House to debate the subsidy reform amendment offered by Rep. Mark Meadows, R-N.C. Instead, they plan to create new subsidy loopholes by allowing a farmer’s cousins, nieces and nephews to receive payments, regardless of whether they live or work on the farm. The House bill also would make billionaires like Paul Allen and Richard DeVos eligible for subsidies again. 


Between 1985 and 2016, farm subsidy programs paid farmers when crop prices fell below price guarantees set in the federal farm bill or, more recently, when crop revenue fell below historic averages. In addition, “direct” subsidy payments linked to historic crop production were made between 1996 and 2014. Disaster payments have been paid through both annual spending bills and permanent disaster programs.


Farmers are also eligible for crop insurance premium subsidies, but the USDA is barred by federal law from releasing data about individual crop insurance subsidy recipients. EWG did not obtain data on farm subsidies prior to 1985.


Federal law does not limit farmers from receiving farm subsidies or disaster payments, even if they have received a payment every year for 32 straight years. Farmers remain eligible for subsidies so long as their average annual adjusted gross income is less than $900,000, or less than $1.8 million for farm couples, and they have more than $1,000 in farm sales. The Senate version of the farm bill would lower the means test to $700,000, or $1.4 million for farm couples.


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