The Power of Information

National Drinking Water Database


Town of Big Stone Gap Utilities - Andover, VA


Serves 9,000 people

Dichloroacetic acid

Dichloroacetic acid is a disinfection byproduct regulated by EPA as one of five haloacetic acids that are formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.
 
This Drinking Water System
Test Days Exceeding Health GuidelinesDefinition of what this is
21 days
Test Days Exceeding Legal LimitsNumber of days in which the samples taken in that day exceed the Maximum Contaminant Level (Depending on the contaminant and its MCL, that may or may not trigger an MCL violation. Some MCLs are based on averages spanning several months to a year)
0 days
Test DaysNumber of days in which this chemical has reported results in the data we received from the State
21 days
Tests ConductedNumber of individual tests done for this contaminant
26 tests

Testing Summary

ContaminantAverage/
Maximum
Result
Health Limit
Exceeded
Legal Limit
Exceeded

Testing History

-Tested      -Detected      -Over Health Guidelines      -Over Legal Limit*
Dichloroacetic acidDichloroacetic acid is a disinfection byproduct regulated by EPA as one of five haloacetic acids that are formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.15.27 ppb
27 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
60 ppb
NOTE: Each dot in the above graph represents one month.
* Water utilities are noted as exceeding the legal limit if any test is above the maximum contaminant level (MCL). Most MCLs are based on annual averages so exceeding the MCL for one test does not necessarily indicate that the system is out of compliance.

Health Based and Legal Limits for Dichloroacetic acid

Health Based Limits for Dichloroacetic acid

StandardDescriptionLevel
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0 ppb
One in one million (10-6) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 1,000,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.7 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.60 ppb
One in ten thousand (10-4) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 10,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.70 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.5000 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.5000 ppb

Testing Results

Testing DateAverage
Result
Samples taken that dayNumber of Non-DetectsRange of Results
2009-04-2313.75 ppb4013 to 15 ppb
2009-01-2814 ppb1014 ppb
2008-10-0920 ppb1020 ppb
2008-07-085 ppb105 ppb
2008-04-0711 ppb1011 ppb
2008-02-057 ppb107 ppb
2006-11-1625 ppb1025 ppb
2006-10-1613 ppb1013 ppb
2006-09-2517 ppb1017 ppb
2006-08-2822.5 ppb2022 to 23 ppb
2006-07-3112 ppb1012 ppb
2006-04-0427 ppb1027 ppb
2006-01-0926 ppb1026 ppb
2005-10-186 ppb106 ppb
2005-08-0921 ppb1021 ppb
2005-04-1118 ppb1018 ppb
2005-01-1812 ppb1012 ppb
2004-10-0410.5 ppb2010 to 11 ppb
2004-08-0214 ppb1014 ppb
2004-04-1214 ppb1014 ppb
2004-01-0512 ppb1012 ppb