The Power of Information

National Drinking Water Database


South Silver Creek I II & Iii - Marble Falls, TX


Serves 303 people - Test data available: 2004-2007

This drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group (EWG) by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality . It is part of EWG's national database that includes 47,667 drinking water utilities and 20 million test results. Water utilities nationwide detected more than 300 pollutants between 2004 and 2009. More than half of these chemicals are unregulated, legal in any amount. Despite this widespread contamination, the federal government invests few resources to protecting rivers, reservoirs, and groundwater from pollution in the first place. The information below summarizes test results for this utility and lists potential health concerns.

 
This Drinking Water System
National Average
Exceed Health GuidelinesTests showing chemicals at concentrations above health guidelines established by federal and state health agencies. These guidelines are typically set at a levels that pose no significant health risk.
12 chemicals
4
Health Standard ExceedencesChemicals detected at concentrations above the legal limit, the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCLs) established by the U.S. EPA. Most MCLs are based on annual averages, so exceeding the MCL for one test does not necessarily indicate that the system is out of compliance.
6 chemicals
0.5
Pollutants FoundThe total number of contaminants detected since 2004, according to data provided by the state water agency.
23 chemicals
8
Tests ConductedThe total number of number of water quality tests conducted by water utilities and recorded in data provided by the state water agency.
371 tests
420

Contaminants Exceeding Health Guidelines

ContaminantAverage/
Maximum
Result
Health Limit
Exceeded
Legal Limit
Exceeded

Testing History

-Tested      -Detected      -Over Health Guidelines      -Over Legal Limit*
Gross beta particle activity (pCi/L)Beta particles are a form of radiation frequently associated with nuclear testing and radioactive mineral deposits.29.14 pCi/L
34.3 pCi/L
YesYes
15 pCi/L
Radium-228Radium-228 is a radioactive element usually found around uranium deposits.12 pCi/L
13.8 pCi/L
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 pCi/L
Yes
5 pCi/L
Alpha particle activityAlpha particles are a form of radiation released from mining waste pollutants and natural sources.26.34 pCi/L
37.8 pCi/L
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 pCi/L
Yes
15 pCi/L
Alpha particle activity (incl. radon & uranium)Alpha particles are a form of radiation associated with mining waste pollutants and natural sources.27.63 pCi/L
33.4 pCi/L
YesYes
15 pCi/L
Radium-226Radium-226 is a radioactive element usually found around uranium deposits.4.32 pCi/L
5.2 pCi/L
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 pCi/L
Yes
5 pCi/L
Monochloroacetic acidMonochloroacetic acid is a disinfection byproduct regulated by EPA as one of five haloacetic acids that are formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.30.62 ppb
107.7 ppb
Yes
70 ppb
Yes
60 ppb
DibromochloromethaneDibromochloromethane is a disinfection byproduct from the trihalomethane (THM) family, and is formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.2.78 ppb
5.4 ppb
Yes
0.4 ppb
No
80 ppb
BromoformBromoform is a disinfection byproduct from the trihalomethane (THM) family, and is formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.2.09 ppb
4.9 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
80 ppb
BromodichloromethaneBromodichloromethane is a disinfection byproduct from the trihalomethane (THM) family, and is formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.1.28 ppb
3.6 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
80 ppb
Dichloroacetic acidDichloroacetic acid is a disinfection byproduct regulated by EPA as one of five haloacetic acids that are formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.2.24 ppb
8.6 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
60 ppb
Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)Total trihalomethanes constitute the sum of four disinfection byproducts: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform.6.32 ppb
12.5 ppb
Yes
9.8 ppb
No
80 ppb
Combined Uranium (mg/L)Uranium is a radioactive element commonly found in most rocks; processed uranium ore is used for power generation and weapons manufacture.0.22 ppb
2.2 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
30 ppb
NOTE: Each dot in the above graph represents one month.
* Water utilities are noted as exceeding the legal limit if any test is above the maximum contaminant level (MCL). Most MCLs are based on annual averages so exceeding the MCL for one test does not necessarily indicate that the system is out of compliance.

Other Detected Contaminants

ContaminantAverage/
Maximum
Result
Health Limit
Exceeded
Legal Limit
Exceeded

Testing History

-Tested      -Detected      -Over Health Guidelines      -Over Legal Limit*
Uranium-234 (pCi/L)5.19 pCi/L
5.8 pCi/L
NoLegal at any levelThis is the Federal Limit. State Limits may be lower.
NitrateNitrate enters drinking water sources from fertilizer runoff, leaching septic tanks, and erosion of natural deposits; it is also emitted by chemical, petrochemical and metal-finishing industries.2.92 ppm
3.31 ppm
No
10 ppm
No
10 ppm
Dibromoacetic acidDibromoacetic acid is a disinfection byproduct regulated by EPA as one of five haloacetic acids that are formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.2.98 ppb
10.4 ppb
NoNo
60 ppb
Alpha, DissolvedAlpha particles are a form of radiation associated with mining waste pollutants and natural sources.5.43 pCi/L
5.5 pCi/L
NoLegal at any levelThis is the Federal Limit. State Limits may be lower.
Combined Uranium (pCi/L)Uranium is a radioactive element commonly found in most rocks; processed ore is used for power generation and weapons manufacture.5.63 pCi/L
5.9 pCi/L
NoNo
15 pCi/L
Bromochloroacetic acidBromochloroacetic acid is a disinfection byproduct, and is formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.2.43 ppb
8.5 ppb
NoLegal at any levelThis is the Federal Limit. State Limits may be lower.
ChloroformChloroform is a disinfection byproduct from the trihalomethane (THM) family, and is formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.0.17 ppb
1 ppb
No
5.7 ppb
No
80 ppb
Trichloroacetic acidTrichloroacetic acid is a disinfection byproduct regulated by EPA as one of five haloacetic acids that are formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.2.54 ppb
12.7 ppb
No
20 ppb
No
60 ppb
Selenium (total)Selenium is a naturally occurring element that contaminates water due to mining or petrolum refining, fly-ash from coal-burning power plants, and irrigation of arid farmland soils high in selenium.3.5 ppb
3.5 ppb
No
50 ppb
No
50 ppb
CopperCopper is a naturally occuring metal and drinking water contaminant that enters tap water by corrosion of household plumbing systems and erosion of natural deposits.9.1 ppb
9.1 ppb
No
300 ppb
No
1000 ppb
Barium (total)Barium is a mineral that enters drinking water through drilling and mining waste runoff, discharges from chemical industries and erosion of natural deposits.39.9 ppb
39.9 ppb
No
700 ppb
No
2000 ppb
NOTE: Each dot in the above graph represents one month.
* Water utilities are noted as exceeding the legal limit if any test is above the maximum contaminant level (MCL). Most MCLs are based on annual averages so exceeding the MCL for one test does not necessarily indicate that the system is out of compliance.

Contaminants Not Detected - 140 chemicals

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,1-Trichloroethane, 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,2-Trichloroethane, 1,1-Dichloroethane, 1,1-Dichloroethylene, 1,1-Dichloropropene, 1,2 Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP), 1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene, 1,2,3-Trichloropropane, 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene, 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene, 1,2-Dichloroethane, 1,2-Dichloropropane, 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene, 1,3-Dichloropropane, 2,2,3,3,4,4,6-heptachlorobiphenyl, 2,2,3,4,6-pentachlorobiphenyl, 2,2,4,4,5,6-hexachlorobiphenyl, 2,2,4,4-tetrachlorobiphenyl, 2,2-Dichloropropane, 2,3,3,4,5,6,6-octachlorobiphenyl, 2-Hexanone, Acenaphthene, Acenaphthylene, Acetone, Acrylonitrile, Alachlor (Lasso), Aldrin, Alpha Chlordane, Aluminum, Aniline, Anthracene, Antimony (total), Arsenic (total), Atrazine, Benzene, Benzo[a]anthracene, Benzo[a]pyrene, Benzo[b]fluoranthene, Benzo[g,h,i]perylene, Benzo[k]fluoranthene, Beryllium (total), Bromacil, Bromobenzene, Bromochloromethane, Bromomethane, Butachlor, Butyl Acetate, Butyl Benzylphthalate, Cadmium (total), Carbon tetrachloride, Chloroethane, Chloromethane, Chromium (total), Chrysene, cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene, cis-1,3-Dichloropropene, Cyanogen Chloride, Dalapon, Di(2-Ethylhexyl) adipate, Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, Di-n-butylphthalate, Dibenz[a,h]anthracene, Dibromomethane, Dichloroacetonitrile, Dichlorodifluoromethane, Dichloromethane (methylene chloride), Dieldrin, Diethylphthalate, Dimethylphthalate, Endrin, Ethyl Methacrylate, Ethylbenzene, Ethylene dibromide (EDB), Fluorene, Heptachlor, Heptachlor epoxide, Hexachlorobenzene (HCB), Hexachlorobutadiene, Hexachlorocyclopentadiene, Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene, Iodomethane, Isopropylbenzene, Lead (total), Lindane, m- & p- Xylene, m-Dichlorobenzene, m-Xylene, Manganese, Mercury (total inorganic), Methoxychlor, Methyl ethyl ketone, Methyl isobutyl ketone, Methyl methacrylate, Metolachlor, Metribuzin, Monobromoacetic acid, Monochlorobenzene (Chlorobenzene), Mtbe, n-Butylbenzene, n-Propylbenzene, Naphthalene, Nitrite, o-Chlorotoluene, o-Dichlorobenzene, o-Xylene, p-Chlorotoluene, p-Dichlorobenzene, p-Isopropyltoluene, p-Xylene, Pentachlorophenol, Pentane, Phenanthrene, Phenols, Prometon, Propachlor, Pyrene, sec-Butylbenzene, Silver (total), Simazine, Styrene, tert-Butylbenzene, Tetrachloroethylene, Tetrahydrofuran, Thallium (total), Toluene, Total haloacetic acids (HAAs), trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene, trans-1,3-Dichloropropene, Trans-Nonachlor, Trichloroethylene, Trichlorofluoromethane, Trifluralin, Uranium-238, Uranium-238 (pCi/L), Vinyl 2-chloroethyl Ether, Vinyl acetate, Vinyl chloride, Xylenes (total)

Pollution Summary

23Total Contaminants Detected (2004 - 2007)

Barium (total), Copper, Nitrate, Selenium (total), Monochloroacetic acid, Dichloroacetic acid, Trichloroacetic acid, Dibromoacetic acid, Bromochloroacetic acid, Chloroform, Bromoform, Bromodichloromethane, Dibromochloromethane, Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), Alpha particle activity (incl. radon & uranium), Combined Uranium (mg/L), Radium-226, Radium-228, Alpha, Dissolved, Alpha particle activity, Combined Uranium (pCi/L), Uranium-234 (pCi/L), Gross beta particle activity (pCi/L)

2Agricultural Pollutants
(pesticides, fertilizer, factory farms)

Nitrate, Selenium (total)

2Sprawl and Urban Pollutants
(road runoff, lawn pesticides, human waste)

Copper, Nitrate

11Industrial Pollutants

Barium (total), Nitrate, Selenium (total), Alpha particle activity (incl. radon & uranium), Combined Uranium (mg/L), Radium-226, Radium-228, Alpha, Dissolved, Alpha particle activity, Combined Uranium (pCi/L), Gross beta particle activity (pCi/L)

10Water Treatment and Distribution Byproducts
(pipes and fixtures, treatment chemicals and byproducts)

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), Chloroform, Bromodichloromethane, Dibromochloromethane, Dichloroacetic acid, Trichloroacetic acid, Bromoform, Dibromoacetic acid, Monochloroacetic acid, Bromochloroacetic acid

12Naturally Occurring
(naturally present but increased for lands denuded by sprawl, agriculture, or industrial development)

Nitrate, Copper, Barium (total), Radium-228, Radium-226, Alpha particle activity, Gross beta particle activity (pCi/L), Combined Uranium (pCi/L), Alpha particle activity (incl. radon & uranium), Combined Uranium (mg/L), Selenium (total), Alpha, Dissolved

3Unregulated Contaminants
EPA has not established a maximum legal limit in tapwater for these contaminants

Bromochloroacetic acid, Alpha, Dissolved, Uranium-234 (pCi/L)

EPA Violation Summary

Violation CategoryNumber of Violations
MCL and Treatment
(click see violations)
20
Reporting
(click see violations)
2
Monitoring
(click see violations)
1

Information on violations is drawn directly from EPA's national violations database in the Agency's Safe Drinking Water Information System. Analyses by others have raised questions about the quality of the information in EPA's database. For the purposes of this investigation, EWG is not showing below or including in our analyses, those violations for individual water suppliers that occurred on days for which the total number of violations assigned by EPA to that water supplier was greater than 20. This criteria was based on common characteristics of incorrect violations data as identified by water utilities, from a review of EPA's violations data by several hundred utilities prior to the release of EWG's investigation.