The Power of Information

National Drinking Water Database


Lihue-Kapaa Dow Utilities - Anahola, HI


Serves 30,000 people

Chromium (total)

Chromium is a metal that pollutes drinking water due to discharge from steel and pulp mills and erosion of natural deposits.
 
This Drinking Water System
Test Days Exceeding Health GuidelinesDefinition of what this is
0 days
Test Days Exceeding Legal LimitsNumber of days in which the samples taken in that day exceed the Maximum Contaminant Level (Depending on the contaminant and its MCL, that may or may not trigger an MCL violation. Some MCLs are based on averages spanning several months to a year)
0 days
Test DaysNumber of days in which this chemical has reported results in the data we received from the State
24 days
Tests ConductedNumber of individual tests done for this contaminant
93 tests

Testing Summary

ContaminantAverage/
Maximum
Result
Health Limit
Exceeded
Legal Limit
Exceeded

Testing History

-Tested      -Detected      -Over Health Guidelines      -Over Legal Limit*
Chromium (total)Chromium is a metal that pollutes drinking water due to discharge from steel and pulp mills and erosion of natural deposits.2.08 ppb
4.5 ppb
No
100 ppb
No
100 ppb
NOTE: Each dot in the above graph represents one month.
* Water utilities are noted as exceeding the legal limit if any test is above the maximum contaminant level (MCL). Most MCLs are based on annual averages so exceeding the MCL for one test does not necessarily indicate that the system is out of compliance.

Health Based and Legal Limits for Chromium (total)

Health Based Limits for Chromium (total)

StandardDescriptionLevel
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb

Testing Results

Testing DateAverage
Result
Samples taken that dayNumber of Non-DetectsRange of Results
2009-03-230 ppb220 ppb
2009-03-091.5 ppb210 to 3 ppb
2008-08-064 ppb303 to 5 ppb
2008-04-094 ppb104 ppb
2008-04-082.97 ppb1640 to 8 ppb
2007-12-10<0.01 ppb20< .01 to 0.004 ppb
2007-10-10<0.01 ppb40< .01 to 0.004 ppb
2007-03-010 ppb440 ppb
2007-02-20<0.01 ppb42< .01 to 0.003 ppb
2006-06-223 ppb203 ppb
2006-03-220 ppb110 ppb
2005-06-303 ppb103 ppb
2005-06-290 ppb220 ppb
2005-05-192.5 ppb202 to 3 ppb
2005-04-253 ppb103 ppb
2005-04-212.25 ppb410 to 3 ppb
2005-04-203.92 ppb1220 to 6 ppb
2005-04-063.78 ppb930 to 9 ppb
2004-10-264.5 ppb404 to 5 ppb
2004-10-133 ppb620 to 6 ppb
2004-09-162.67 ppb302 to 3 ppb
2004-07-222.8 ppb502 to 3 ppb
2004-03-243 ppb103 ppb
2004-03-230 ppb220 ppb