The Power of Information

National Drinking Water Database


Florida City - Homestead, FL


Serves 9,445 people - Test data available: 2004-2008

This drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group (EWG) by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection. It is part of EWG's national database that includes 47,667 drinking water utilities and 20 million test results. Water utilities nationwide detected more than 300 pollutants between 2004 and 2009. More than half of these chemicals are unregulated, legal in any amount. Despite this widespread contamination, the federal government invests few resources to protecting rivers, reservoirs, and groundwater from pollution in the first place. The information below summarizes test results for this utility and lists potential health concerns.

 
This Drinking Water System
National Average
Exceed Health GuidelinesTests showing chemicals at concentrations above health guidelines established by federal and state health agencies. These guidelines are typically set at a levels that pose no significant health risk.
17 chemicals
4
Health Standard ExceedencesChemicals detected at concentrations above the legal limit, the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCLs) established by the U.S. EPA. Most MCLs are based on annual averages, so exceeding the MCL for one test does not necessarily indicate that the system is out of compliance.
0 chemicals
0.5
Pollutants FoundThe total number of contaminants detected since 2004, according to data provided by the state water agency.
38 chemicals
8
Tests ConductedThe total number of number of water quality tests conducted by water utilities and recorded in data provided by the state water agency.
332 tests
420

Contaminants Exceeding Health Guidelines

ContaminantAverage/
Maximum
Result
Health Limit
Exceeded
Legal Limit
Exceeded

Testing History

-Tested      -Detected      -Over Health Guidelines      -Over Legal Limit*
Alpha particle activity (excl radon and uranium)Alpha particles are a form of radiation associated with radioactive mining waste pollutants and natural sources.2.76 pCi/L
5.1 pCi/L
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 pCi/L
No
15 pCi/L
Radium-226Radium-226 is a radioactive element usually found around uranium deposits.0.47 pCi/L
0.7 pCi/L
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 pCi/L
No
5 pCi/L
Radium-228Radium-228 is a radioactive element usually found around uranium deposits.0.98 pCi/L
1 pCi/L
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 pCi/L
No
5 pCi/L
Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)Total trihalomethanes constitute the sum of four disinfection byproducts: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform.35.5 ppb
63.33 ppb
Yes
9.8 ppb
No
80 ppb
Total haloacetic acids (HAAs)Total haloacetic acids refers to the sum of the concentrations of five related disinfection byproducts in a water sample: dichloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, monochloroacetic acid, monobromoacetic acid and dibromoacetic acid.14.31 ppb
24.47 ppb
Yes
0.7 ppb
No
60 ppb
Benzo[a]pyreneBenzo[a]pyrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon that contaminates drinking water from leaching coal tar coatings on water distribution pipes and storage liners; it is also a product of combustion.<0.01 ppb
0.01 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
0.2 ppb
Alachlor (Lasso)Alachlor is a widely-used herbicide applied to corn, soy and sorghum; it is carcinogenic to animals and potentially carcinogenic in people.<0.01 ppb
0.01 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
2 ppb
HeptachlorHeptachlor is a highly toxic and carcinogenic termiticide banned from most applications in the U.S. since 1988.<0.01 ppb
<0.01 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
0.4 ppb
ChlordaneChlordane is a persistent insecticide/termiticide that is likely carcinogenic to humans and has been banned in the U.S. since 1988.0.03 ppb
0.1 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
2 ppb
Heptachlor epoxideHeptachlor epoxide is a beakdown product of heptachlor, a highly toxic and carcinogenic termiticide banned from most applications in the U.S. since 1988.<0.01 ppb
0.01 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
0.2 ppb
Ethylene dibromide (EDB)Ethylene dibromide is a a pollutant from petroleum refineries that was formerly used as gasoline additive and a pesticide suspended from use by EPA in 1984.<0.01 ppb
<0.01 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
0.05 ppb
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP)1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane is a persistent pesticide and groundwater contaminant associated with male sterility and severe reproductive toxicity; historically used as a soil fumigant on bananas and pineapples; banned by EPA in early 1980s.<0.01 ppb
0.01 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
0.2 ppb
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB)Hexachlorobenzene is a pollutant from metal refineries and agricultural chemical factories.<0.01 ppb
<0.01 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
1 ppb
Total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a group of highly toxic chlorinated industrial chemicals used as dielectrics, coolants and lubricants in electrical equipment; PCBs contaminate water by leaching from landfills or other waste deposits.0.03 ppb
0.1 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
0.5 ppb
PentachlorophenolPentachlorophenol is a carcinogenic pollutant discharged from wood preserving factories.<0.01 ppb
0.01 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
1 ppb
ToxapheneToxaphene is a highly toxic, persistent and bioaccumulative insecticide anticipated to be carcinogenic to people, and banned from use in the U.S. in 1990.0.01 ppb
0.04 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
3 ppb
DibromochloromethaneDibromochloromethane is a disinfection byproduct from the trihalomethane (THM) family, and is formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.1.18 ppb
2.36 ppb
Yes
0.4 ppb
No
80 ppb
NOTE: Each dot in the above graph represents one month.
* Water utilities are noted as exceeding the legal limit if any test is above the maximum contaminant level (MCL). Most MCLs are based on annual averages so exceeding the MCL for one test does not necessarily indicate that the system is out of compliance.

Other Detected Contaminants

ContaminantAverage/
Maximum
Result
Health Limit
Exceeded
Legal Limit
Exceeded

Testing History

-Tested      -Detected      -Over Health Guidelines      -Over Legal Limit*
Combined Uranium (pCi/L)Uranium is a radioactive element commonly found in most rocks; processed ore is used for power generation and weapons manufacture.2 pCi/L
3.6 pCi/L
NoNo
15 pCi/L
NitrateNitrate enters drinking water sources from fertilizer runoff, leaching septic tanks, and erosion of natural deposits; it is also emitted by chemical, petrochemical and metal-finishing industries.0.55 ppm
1.5 ppm
No
10 ppm
No
10 ppm
NitriteNitrite is a chemical that enters water from fertilizer runoff, leaching septic tanks, and erosion of natural deposits.<0.01 ppm
<0.01 ppm
No
1 ppm
No
1 ppm
SimazineSimazine is a widely used herbicide that has been associated with endocrine disruption and cancer in experimental studies.<0.01 ppb
0.01 ppb
No
4 ppb
No
4 ppb
PicloramPicloram is an herbicide that may contaminate drinking water sources due to runoff from applications to pasture, rangeland and rights-of-way.<0.01 ppb
0.01 ppb
No
500 ppb
No
500 ppb
DinosebDinoseb is an herbicide historically used on soybeans and vegetables; it is associated with birth defects and reproductive difficulties and has been banned in the U.S. since 1986.0.03 ppb
0.1 ppb
No
7 ppb
No
7 ppb
CarbofuranCarbofuran is a highly toxic insecticide and soil fumigant that had been used on corn, rice and alfalfa; it poses severe risks to children (via diet), agricultural workers and the environment.0.17 ppb
0.5 ppb
No
1.7 ppb
No
40 ppb
AtrazineAtrazine is an endocrine-disrupting herbicide used on corn, sugarcane and sorghum; it is associated with adverse reproductive effects and toxicity to the immune system.<0.01 ppb
0.01 ppb
No
0.15 ppb
No
3 ppb
2,4-D2,4-D is a chlorophenol herbicide used on row crops, lawns and golf courses.0.33 ppb
1 ppb
No
20 ppb
No
70 ppb
2,4,5-TP (Silvex)2,4,5-TP (Silvex) is an herbicide banned in 1985; it was formerly used in homes and on recreation areas, industrial sites, lumber yards, vacant lots, lawns and turf, and crops including rice.0.33 ppb
1 ppb
No
10 ppb
No
50 ppb
Oxamyl (Vydate)Oxamyl is a neurotoxic insecticide used on cotton, fruit and vegetable crops (apples, potatoes and tomatoes).0.17 ppb
0.5 ppb
No
10 ppb
No
200 ppb
Di(2-Ethylhexyl) adipateDi(2-Ethylhexyl) adipate is a placticizer and solvent released as a pollutant from industrial chemical factories, sewage treatment facilities and iron foundries.<0.01 ppb
0.01 ppb
No
30 ppb
No
400 ppb
EndrinEndrin is a banned organochlorine insecticide that is persistent, bioaccumulative, acutely toxic to vertebrates and associated with massive deaths of fish, birds and other wildlife.<0.01 ppb
<0.01 ppb
No
0.06 ppb
No
2 ppb
LindaneLindane is an insecticide still used in shampoo to control lice and scabies; it is a form of hexachlorocyclohexane, a highly toxic pesticide phased out of agricultural use in the U.S.<0.01 ppb
<0.01 ppb
No
0.03 ppb
No
0.2 ppb
MethoxychlorMethoxychlor is an endocrine-disrupting insecticide similar to DDT; banned in the U.S. in 2002, it was historically used on farm animals and in animal feed, lumber, gardens and certain crops. <0.01 ppb
0.02 ppb
No
30 ppb
No
40 ppb
DalaponDalapon is an herbicide used on roads, railway tracks and other rights of way.<0.01 ppb
0.01 ppb
No
200 ppb
No
200 ppb
DiquatDiquat is a non-selective herbicide and dessicant used extensively for control of crop and aquatic weeds; it may cause cataracts.0.13 ppb
0.4 ppb
No
15 ppb
No
20 ppb
EndothallEndothall is an herbicide and defoliant used on a broad range of crops and aquatic plants.3.83 ppb
11.5 ppb
No
50 ppb
No
100 ppb
GlyphosateGlyphosate is one of the most commonly used herbicides in the U.S., and is applied in agriculture, forestry and on lawns and roadsides.3.33 ppb
10 ppb
No
700 ppb
No
700 ppb
ChloroformChloroform is a disinfection byproduct from the trihalomethane (THM) family, and is formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water.0.86 ppb
1.71 ppb
No
5.7 ppb
No
80 ppb
Barium (total)Barium is a mineral that enters drinking water through drilling and mining waste runoff, discharges from chemical industries and erosion of natural deposits.7.5 ppb
15 ppb
No
700 ppb
No
2000 ppb
NOTE: Each dot in the above graph represents one month.
* Water utilities are noted as exceeding the legal limit if any test is above the maximum contaminant level (MCL). Most MCLs are based on annual averages so exceeding the MCL for one test does not necessarily indicate that the system is out of compliance.

Contaminants Not Detected - 78 chemicals

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,1-Trichloroethane, 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,2-Trichloroethane, 1,1-Dichloroethane, 1,1-Dichloroethylene, 1,1-Dichloropropene, 1,2,3-Trichloropropane, 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene, 1,2-Dichloroethane, 1,2-Dichloropropane, 1,3-Dichloropropane, 1,3-Dichloropropene, 2 4 6-trichlorophenol, 2,2-Dichloropropane, 2,3,7,8-TCDD (Dioxin), 2,4-Dinitrotoluene, 2-Chlorophenol, 2-methyl-4 6-dinitrophenol, 3-Hydroxycarbofuran, Aldicarb, Aldicarb sulfone, Aldicarb sulfoxide, Aldrin, Antimony (total), Arsenic (total), Benzene, Beryllium (total), Bromobenzene, Bromodichloromethane, Bromoform, Bromomethane, Butyl Benzylphthalate, Cadmium (total), Carbaryl, Carbon tetrachloride, Chloroethane, Chloromethane, Chromium (total), cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene, Cyanide, Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, Di-n-butylphthalate, Di-n-octylphthalate, Dibromomethane, Dicamba, Dichlorodifluoromethane, Dichloromethane (methylene chloride), Dieldrin, Diethylphthalate, Dimethylphthalate, Ethylbenzene, Hexachlorocyclopentadiene, Isophorone, Lead (total), m-Dichlorobenzene, Mercury (total inorganic), Methomyl, Metolachlor, Metribuzin, Monochlorobenzene (Chlorobenzene), Mtbe, o-Chlorotoluene, o-Dichlorobenzene, p-Chlorotoluene, p-Dichlorobenzene, Phenol, Propachlor, Selenium (total), Styrene, Tetrachloroethylene, Thallium (total), Toluene, trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene, Trichloroethylene, Trichlorofluoromethane, Vinyl chloride, Xylenes (total)

Pollution Summary

38Total Contaminants Detected (2004 - 2008)

Barium (total), Nitrate, Nitrite, Endrin, Lindane, Methoxychlor, Dalapon, Diquat, Endothall, Glyphosate, Di(2-Ethylhexyl) adipate, Oxamyl (Vydate), Simazine, Picloram, Dinoseb, Carbofuran, Atrazine, 2,4-D, 2,4,5-TP (Silvex), Chloroform, Combined Uranium (pCi/L), Toxaphene, Alachlor (Lasso), Heptachlor, Heptachlor epoxide, Hexachlorobenzene (HCB), Benzo[a]pyrene, Pentachlorophenol, Total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), Total haloacetic acids (HAAs), 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP), Dibromochloromethane, Ethylene dibromide (EDB), Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), Chlordane, Alpha particle activity (excl radon and uranium), Radium-226, Radium-228

24Agricultural Pollutants
(pesticides, fertilizer, factory farms)

Nitrate, Nitrite, Endrin, Lindane, Methoxychlor, Dalapon, Diquat, Endothall, Glyphosate, Oxamyl (Vydate), Simazine, Picloram, Dinoseb, Carbofuran, Atrazine, 2,4-D, 2,4,5-TP (Silvex), Toxaphene, Alachlor (Lasso), Heptachlor, Heptachlor epoxide, 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP), Ethylene dibromide (EDB), Chlordane

10Sprawl and Urban Pollutants
(road runoff, lawn pesticides, human waste)

Nitrate, Nitrite, Lindane, Dalapon, Glyphosate, Di(2-Ethylhexyl) adipate, 2,4-D, 2,4,5-TP (Silvex), Benzo[a]pyrene, Chlordane

13Industrial Pollutants

Barium (total), Nitrate, Nitrite, Lindane, Di(2-Ethylhexyl) adipate, Combined Uranium (pCi/L), Hexachlorobenzene (HCB), Pentachlorophenol, Total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), Ethylene dibromide (EDB), Alpha particle activity (excl radon and uranium), Radium-226, Radium-228

5Water Treatment and Distribution Byproducts
(pipes and fixtures, treatment chemicals and byproducts)

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), Total haloacetic acids (HAAs), Chloroform, Dibromochloromethane, Benzo[a]pyrene

7Naturally Occurring
(naturally present but increased for lands denuded by sprawl, agriculture, or industrial development)

Nitrate, Barium (total), Radium-228, Radium-226, Alpha particle activity (excl radon and uranium), Combined Uranium (pCi/L), Nitrite

EPA Violation Summary

Violation CategoryNumber of Violations
MCL and Treatment
(click see violations)
1
Reporting
(click see violations)
1
Monitoring
(click see violations)
5

Information on violations is drawn directly from EPA's national violations database in the Agency's Safe Drinking Water Information System. Analyses by others have raised questions about the quality of the information in EPA's database. For the purposes of this investigation, EWG is not showing below or including in our analyses, those violations for individual water suppliers that occurred on days for which the total number of violations assigned by EPA to that water supplier was greater than 20. This criteria was based on common characteristics of incorrect violations data as identified by water utilities, from a review of EPA's violations data by several hundred utilities prior to the release of EWG's investigation.