The Power of Information

National Drinking Water Database


Cwsc King City - San Jose, CA


Serves 11,510 people - Test data available: 2004-2009

This drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group (EWG) by the California Department of Public Health. It is part of EWG's national database that includes 47,667 drinking water utilities and 20 million test results. Water utilities nationwide detected more than 300 pollutants between 2004 and 2009. More than half of these chemicals are unregulated, legal in any amount. Despite this widespread contamination, the federal government invests few resources to protecting rivers, reservoirs, and groundwater from pollution in the first place. The information below summarizes test results for this utility and lists potential health concerns.

 
This Drinking Water System
National Average
Exceed Health GuidelinesTests showing chemicals at concentrations above health guidelines established by federal and state health agencies. These guidelines are typically set at a levels that pose no significant health risk.
6 chemicals
4
Health Standard ExceedencesChemicals detected at concentrations above the legal limit, the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCLs) established by the U.S. EPA. Most MCLs are based on annual averages, so exceeding the MCL for one test does not necessarily indicate that the system is out of compliance.
1 chemicals
0.5
Pollutants FoundThe total number of contaminants detected since 2004, according to data provided by the state water agency.
25 chemicals
8
Tests ConductedThe total number of number of water quality tests conducted by water utilities and recorded in data provided by the state water agency.
3,892 tests
420

Contaminants Exceeding Health Guidelines

ContaminantAverage/
Maximum
Result
Health Limit
Exceeded
Legal Limit
Exceeded

Testing History

-Tested      -Detected      -Over Health Guidelines      -Over Legal Limit*
Alpha particle activityAlpha particles are a form of radiation released from mining waste pollutants and natural sources.2.71 pCi/L
17 pCi/L
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 pCi/L
Yes
15 pCi/L
Arsenic (total)Arsenic contaminates drinking water due to mining runoff, erosion of natural deposits, emissions from glass and electronics processing and the use of arsenical compounds as wood preservatives and pesticides.0.97 ppb
2.16 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
10 ppb
Lead (total)Lead is a metal that enters water by corrosion of household plumbing systems, discharge of industrial pollution and erosion of natural deposits.0.35 ppb
2.51 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
Combined Uranium (mg/L)Uranium is a radioactive element commonly found in most rocks; processed uranium ore is used for power generation and weapons manufacture.1.55 ppb
1.6 ppb
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 ppb
No
30 ppb
Cadmium (total)Cadmium is a metal used in the steel and plastic industries; it is released from corrosion of galvanized pipes, runoff from metal refineries, waste batteries and paints; contamination from fertilizers; and erosion of natural deposits.0.01 ppb
0.07 ppb
Yes
0.04 ppb
No
5 ppb
Radium-228Radium-228 is a radioactive element usually found around uranium deposits.0.09 pCi/L
1.3 pCi/L
Yes
MCLGA non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.: 0 pCi/L
No
5 pCi/L
NOTE: Each dot in the above graph represents one month.
* Water utilities are noted as exceeding the legal limit if any test is above the maximum contaminant level (MCL). Most MCLs are based on annual averages so exceeding the MCL for one test does not necessarily indicate that the system is out of compliance.

Other Detected Contaminants

ContaminantAverage/
Maximum
Result
Health Limit
Exceeded
Legal Limit
Exceeded

Testing History

-Tested      -Detected      -Over Health Guidelines      -Over Legal Limit*
NitrateNitrate enters drinking water sources from fertilizer runoff, leaching septic tanks, and erosion of natural deposits; it is also emitted by chemical, petrochemical and metal-finishing industries.1.46 ppm
3.52 ppm
No
10 ppm
No
10 ppm
Selenium (total)Selenium is a naturally occurring element that contaminates water due to mining or petrolum refining, fly-ash from coal-burning power plants, and irrigation of arid farmland soils high in selenium.1.75 ppb
3.6 ppb
No
50 ppb
No
50 ppb
VanadiumVanadium is a metal used as an alloying addition to iron & steel; it is discharged from ceramic, glass, textile, photography, metallurgy and rubber industries.5.06 ppb
5.58 ppb
NoLegal at any levelThis is the Federal Limit. State Limits may be lower.
Nitrate & nitriteNitrate and nitrite enter water from fertilizer runoff, leaching from septic tanks, and erosion of natural deposits.1.42 ppm
2.87 ppm
No
10 ppm
No
10 ppm
Antimony (total)Antimony is a metal that enters water from petroleum refinery pollution, fire retardants, ceramics, electronics and solder.0.05 ppb
0.14 ppb
No
5.6 ppb
No
6 ppb
AluminumAluminum is a metal released from metal refineries and mining operations.0.37 ppb
1.36 ppb
No
200 ppb
No
200 ppb
Barium (total)Barium is a mineral that enters drinking water through drilling and mining waste runoff, discharges from chemical industries and erosion of natural deposits.21.44 ppb
43.24 ppb
No
700 ppb
No
2000 ppb
CopperCopper is a naturally occuring metal and drinking water contaminant that enters tap water by corrosion of household plumbing systems and erosion of natural deposits.1.63 ppb
7.56 ppb
No
300 ppb
No
1000 ppb
Chromium (total)Chromium is a metal that pollutes drinking water due to discharge from steel and pulp mills and erosion of natural deposits.3.27 ppb
7.31 ppb
No
100 ppb
No
100 ppb
ManganeseManganese is a naturally occurring element released from mineral deposits as well as industrial use.1.95 ppb
16.1 ppb
No
50 ppb
No
50 ppb
Mercury (total inorganic)Mercury is a metal from refinery and factory pollution, coal burning, landfill and agricultural runoff and erosion of natural deposits.0.01 ppb
0.07 ppb
No
1.2 ppb
No
2 ppb
Thallium (total)Thallium is a highly toxic metal that contaminates the environment due to leaching from ore-processing sites, discharge from electronics, glass, and drug factories and historical use as rodenticide<0.01 ppb
0.01 ppb
No
0.1 ppb
No
2 ppb
Beryllium (total)Beryllium is a metal associated with metal refineries and combustion of fossil fuels, especially coal burning; it is released into the environment from electrical, aerospace and defense industries.<0.01 ppb
0.02 ppb
No
1 ppb
No
4 ppb
NitriteNitrite is a chemical that enters water from fertilizer runoff, leaching septic tanks, and erosion of natural deposits.0.05 ppm
0.23 ppm
No
1 ppm
No
1 ppm
Chromium (hexavalent)Chromium is a metal that pollutes drinking water due to discharge from steel and pulp mills and erosion of natural deposits.0.54 ppb
0.8 ppb
NoNo
100 ppb
Combined Uranium (pCi/L)Uranium is a radioactive element commonly found in most rocks; processed ore is used for power generation and weapons manufacture.1.41 pCi/L
1.6 pCi/L
NoNo
15 pCi/L
2,4,5-T2,4,5-T is an herbicide banned in 1985; it was formerly used in homes and on recreational areas, industrial sites, lumber yards, vacant lots, lawns and turf, and crops including rice.0.03 ppb
0.55 ppb
No
70 ppb
Legal at any levelThis is the Federal Limit. State Limits may be lower.
DicambaDicamba is an herbicide applied in agriculture, rangeland, pasture and industry; it is used for corn, wheat and other crops.0.09 ppb
1.5 ppb
No
3000 ppb
Legal at any levelThis is the Federal Limit. State Limits may be lower.
Silver (total)Silver is an element from natural deposits and mining wastes; it is also associated with the development of photographic and x-ray film and the use of silver in antibacterial consumer products.0.07 ppb
0.62 ppb
No
100 ppb
No
100 ppb
NOTE: Each dot in the above graph represents one month.
* Water utilities are noted as exceeding the legal limit if any test is above the maximum contaminant level (MCL). Most MCLs are based on annual averages so exceeding the MCL for one test does not necessarily indicate that the system is out of compliance.

Contaminants Not Detected - 200 chemicals

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,1-Trichloroethane, 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,2-Trichloroethane, 1,1-Dichloroethane, 1,1-Dichloroethylene, 1,1-Dichloropropene, 1,2 Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP), 1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene, 1,2,3-Trichloropropane, 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene, 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene, 1,2-Dichloroethane, 1,2-Dichloropropane, 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene, 1,3-Dichloropropane, 1,3-Dichloropropene, 1,3-dinitrobenzene, 1,4-Dioxane, 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabromobiphenyl (hbb), 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabromodiphenyl Ether, 2,2',4,4',5-pentabromodiphenyl Ether, 2,2',4,4',6-pentabromodiphenyl Ether, 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl Ether, 2,2-Dichloropropane, 2,4,5-TP (Silvex), 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (tnt), 2,4-d, 2,4-Dichlorophenol, 2,4-Dimethylphenol, 2,4-Dinitrophenol, 2,4-Dinitrotoluene, 2,6-Dinitrotoluene, 2-Chloroethylvinyl ether, 2-Chloronaphthalene, 2-Chlorophenol, 2-Nitrophenol, 3,3-Dichlorobenzidine, 3-Hydroxycarbofuran, 4,4-dde, 4-Bromophenyl phenyl ether, 4-chloro-3-methylphenol, 4-Chlorophenyl-phenyl ether, 4-Nitrophenol, Acenaphthene, Acenaphthylene, Acetone, Alachlor (Lasso), Aldicarb, Aldicarb sulfone, Aldicarb sulfoxide, Aldrin, alpha-Lindane, Anthracene, Asbestos, Atrazine, Barban, Baygon (Propoxur), Bentazon (Basagran), Benzene, Benzo[a]anthracene, Benzo[a]pyrene, Benzo[b]fluoranthene, Benzo[g,h,i]perylene, Benzo[k]fluoranthene, beta-Lindane, bis(2-chloroethoxy)-methane, bis(2-chloroethyl) ether, bis(2-chloroisopropyl) ether, Bromacil, Bromobenzene, Bromochloromethane, Bromodichloromethane, Bromoform, Bromomethane, Butachlor, Butyl Benzylphthalate, Carbaryl, Carbofuran, Carbon tetrachloride, Chlorate, Chlordane, Chloroethane, Chloroform, Chloromethane, Chlorothalonil (Bravo), Chlorpropham, Chrysene, cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene, Cyanide, Dalapon, delta-BHC, Di(2-Ethylhexyl) adipate, Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, Di-n-butylphthalate, Di-n-octylphthalate, Diazinon (Spectracide), Dibenz[a,h]anthracene, Dibromoacetic acid, Dibromochloromethane, Dibromomethane, Dichloroacetic acid, Dichlorodifluoromethane, Dichloromethane (methylene chloride), Dieldrin, Diethylphthalate, Dimethoate, Dimethylphthalate, Dinoseb, Diquat, Diuron, Endosulfan I, Endosulfan II, Endosulfan Sulfate, Endothall, Endrin, Endrin Aldehyde, Ethyl-t-butyl ether (ETBE), Ethylbenzene, Ethylene dibromide (EDB), Fenuron, Fluometuron, Fluoranthene, Fluorene, Glyphosate, Heptachlor, Heptachlor epoxide, Hexachlorobenzene (HCB), Hexachlorobutadiene, Hexachlorocyclopentadiene, Hexachloroethane, Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene, Isophorone, Isopropylbenzene, Lindane, Linuron, m- & p- Xylene, m-Dichlorobenzene, Methiocarb, Methomyl, Methoxychlor, Methyl ethyl ketone, Methyl isobutyl ketone, Metolachlor, Metribuzin, Molinate (Ordram), Monobromoacetic acid, Monochloroacetic acid, Monochlorobenzene (Chlorobenzene), Monuron, Mtbe, n-Butylbenzene, n-Nitroso di-N-Propylamine, n-Nitrosodiphenylamine, n-Propylbenzene, Naphthalene, Neburon, Nitrobenzene, o-Chlorotoluene, o-Dichlorobenzene, o-Xylene, Oxamyl (Vydate), p,p'-DDT, p-Chlorotoluene, p-Dichlorobenzene, p-Isopropyltoluene, Pentachlorophenol, Perchlorate, Phenanthrene, Phenols, Picloram, Prometryn, Propachlor, Propham, Pyrene, Rdx (hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine), sec-Butylbenzene, Siduron, Simazine, Styrene, Terbufos Sulfone, Tert-Amyl-Methyl Ether, Tert-Butyl Alcohol, tert-Butylbenzene, Tetrachloroethylene, Thiobencarb (Bolero), Toluene, Total haloacetic acids (HAAs), Total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), Toxaphene, trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene, Trichloroacetic acid, Trichloroethylene, Trichlorofluoromethane, Trichlorotrifluoroethane, Trifluralin, Vinyl chloride, Xylenes (total)

Pollution Summary

25Total Contaminants Detected (2004 - 2009)

Aluminum, Arsenic (total), Barium (total), Cadmium (total), Chromium (total), Copper, Lead (total), Manganese, Mercury (total inorganic), Nitrate & nitrite, Nitrate, Nitrite, Selenium (total), Silver (total), Antimony (total), Beryllium (total), Chromium (hexavalent), Thallium (total), Vanadium, 2,4,5-T, Dicamba, Combined Uranium (mg/L), Radium-228, Alpha particle activity, Combined Uranium (pCi/L)

7Agricultural Pollutants
(pesticides, fertilizer, factory farms)

Nitrate, Nitrate & nitrite, Arsenic (total), Selenium (total), Nitrite, Dicamba, 2,4,5-T

11Sprawl and Urban Pollutants
(road runoff, lawn pesticides, human waste)

Nitrate, Copper, Nitrate & nitrite, Lead (total), Arsenic (total), Nitrite, Cadmium (total), Antimony (total), Mercury (total inorganic), Silver (total), 2,4,5-T

22Industrial Pollutants

Aluminum, Arsenic (total), Barium (total), Cadmium (total), Chromium (total), Lead (total), Manganese, Mercury (total inorganic), Nitrate & nitrite, Nitrate, Nitrite, Selenium (total), Silver (total), Antimony (total), Beryllium (total), Chromium (hexavalent), Thallium (total), Vanadium, Combined Uranium (mg/L), Radium-228, Alpha particle activity, Combined Uranium (pCi/L)

1Water Treatment and Distribution Byproducts
(pipes and fixtures, treatment chemicals and byproducts)

Cadmium (total)

18Naturally Occurring
(naturally present but increased for lands denuded by sprawl, agriculture, or industrial development)

Nitrate, Copper, Nitrate & nitrite, Barium (total), Lead (total), Arsenic (total), Manganese, Radium-228, Alpha particle activity, Combined Uranium (pCi/L), Chromium (total), Combined Uranium (mg/L), Aluminum, Selenium (total), Nitrite, Chromium (hexavalent), Mercury (total inorganic), Silver (total)

4Unregulated Contaminants
EPA has not established a maximum legal limit in tapwater for these contaminants

Lead (total), Vanadium, 2,4,5-T, Dicamba

EPA Violation Summary

Violation CategoryNumber of Violations
Monitoring
(click see violations)
1

Information on violations is drawn directly from EPA's national violations database in the Agency's Safe Drinking Water Information System. Analyses by others have raised questions about the quality of the information in EPA's database. For the purposes of this investigation, EWG is not showing below or including in our analyses, those violations for individual water suppliers that occurred on days for which the total number of violations assigned by EPA to that water supplier was greater than 20. This criteria was based on common characteristics of incorrect violations data as identified by water utilities, from a review of EPA's violations data by several hundred utilities prior to the release of EWG's investigation.