The Power of Information

National Drinking Water Database

City of Phoenix Water Services Department Utilities - Phoenix, AZ

Serves 1,200,000 people


Carbofuran is a highly toxic insecticide and soil fumigant that had been used on corn, rice and alfalfa; it poses severe risks to children (via diet), agricultural workers and the environment.
This Drinking Water System
Test Days Exceeding Health GuidelinesDefinition of what this is
0 days
Test Days Exceeding Legal LimitsNumber of days in which the samples taken in that day exceed the Maximum Contaminant Level (Depending on the contaminant and its MCL, that may or may not trigger an MCL violation. Some MCLs are based on averages spanning several months to a year)
0 days
Test DaysNumber of days in which this chemical has reported results in the data we received from the State
46 days
Tests ConductedNumber of individual tests done for this contaminant
70 tests

Testing Summary

Health Limit
Legal Limit

Testing History

-Tested      -Detected      -Over Health Guidelines      -Over Legal Limit*
CarbofuranCarbofuran is a highly toxic insecticide and soil fumigant that had been used on corn, rice and alfalfa; it poses severe risks to children (via diet), agricultural workers and the environment.0 ppb
0 ppb
1.7 ppb
40 ppb
NOTE: Each dot in the above graph represents one month.
* Water utilities are noted as exceeding the legal limit if any test is above the maximum contaminant level (MCL). Most MCLs are based on annual averages so exceeding the MCL for one test does not necessarily indicate that the system is out of compliance.

Health Based and Legal Limits for Carbofuran

Health Based Limits for Carbofuran

California Public Health GoalsDefined by the State of California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) as the level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. For acutely toxic substances, levels are set at which scientific evidence indicates that no known or anticipated adverse effects on health will occur, plus an adequate margin-of safety. PHGs for carcinogens or other substances which can cause chronic disease shall be based solely on health effects without regard to cost impacts and shall be set at levels which OEHHA has determined do not pose any significant risk to health.1.7 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.40 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.40 ppb

Testing Results

Testing DateAverage
Samples taken that dayNumber of Non-DetectsRange of Results
2007-10-010 ppb110 ppb
2007-07-020 ppb110 ppb
2007-05-090 ppb110 ppb
2005-10-120 ppb110 ppb
2005-08-180 ppb220 ppb
2005-08-170 ppb110 ppb
2005-08-160 ppb220 ppb
2005-08-020 ppb220 ppb
2005-07-280 ppb110 ppb
2005-07-260 ppb220 ppb
2005-07-250 ppb220 ppb
2005-07-210 ppb220 ppb
2005-07-190 ppb220 ppb
2005-07-180 ppb220 ppb
2005-07-140 ppb220 ppb
2005-07-130 ppb220 ppb
2005-07-120 ppb220 ppb
2005-07-110 ppb220 ppb
2005-07-070 ppb110 ppb
2005-07-060 ppb220 ppb
2005-07-050 ppb110 ppb
2005-02-170 ppb110 ppb
2005-02-160 ppb220 ppb
2005-02-150 ppb220 ppb
2005-02-140 ppb110 ppb
2005-02-100 ppb220 ppb
2005-02-090 ppb110 ppb
2005-02-030 ppb110 ppb
2005-02-020 ppb220 ppb
2005-01-310 ppb110 ppb
2005-01-240 ppb220 ppb
2005-01-200 ppb220 ppb
2005-01-190 ppb220 ppb
2005-01-180 ppb110 ppb
2005-01-130 ppb110 ppb
2005-01-120 ppb220 ppb
2005-01-110 ppb220 ppb
2005-01-100 ppb110 ppb
2005-01-060 ppb110 ppb
2005-01-050 ppb220 ppb
2005-01-040 ppb220 ppb
2005-01-030 ppb110 ppb
2004-08-090 ppb110 ppb
2004-07-200 ppb110 ppb
2004-02-030 ppb110 ppb
2004-01-200 ppb110 ppb