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National Drinking Water Database


Trichloroethylene in Arizona


Trichloroethylene is used to remove grease from fabricated metal parts and in the production of some textiles; this pollutant comes from metal degreasing sites, metal finishing and rubber processing industries. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Arizona

9 water utilities reported detecting Trichloroethylene in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Trichloroethylene level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Emery Park Mhp
Tucson, AZ
2563 of 31.13 ppb
(1 to 1.4 ppb)
2Flowing Wells Irrigation
Tucson, AZ
15,5002 of 20.84 ppb
(0.18 to 1.5 ppb)
3Colonial Mobile & Traile
Tucson, AZ
1301 of 10.8 ppb
(0.8 ppb)
4Valle Verde Water Co
Nogales, AZ
2,3941 of 10.36 ppb
(0.36 ppb)
5Metropolitan Dwid
Tucson, AZ
43,4334 of 340.34 ppb
(0 to 4.1 ppb)
6Palm Vista Estates
Tucson, AZ
3151 of 30.3 ppb
(0 to 0.9 ppb)
7Goodyear, Munic Water Dep
Goodyear, AZ
16,3085 of 180.09 ppb
(0 to 0.89 ppb)
8Adot Airport Grand Canyon
Phoenix, AZ
3,7501 of 120.08 ppb
(0 to 1 ppb)
9Tucson Water
Tucson, AZ
675,0003 of 640.03 ppb
(0 to 0.75 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Trichloroethylene

StandardDescriptionLevel
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.03 ppb
California Public Health GoalsDefined by the State of California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) as the level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. For acutely toxic substances, levels are set at which scientific evidence indicates that no known or anticipated adverse effects on health will occur, plus an adequate margin-of safety. PHGs for carcinogens or other substances which can cause chronic disease shall be based solely on health effects without regard to cost impacts and shall be set at levels which OEHHA has determined do not pose any significant risk to health.1.7 ppb
One in one million (10-6) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 1,000,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.3 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.5 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.200 ppb
One in ten thousand (10-4) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 10,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.300 ppb

Violation Summary for Trichloroethylene in Arizona

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Arizona since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly148
Failure to monitor: Check/Repeat/Confirmation sampling1
Over maximum contaminant level, Single Sample1
Over maximum contaminant level, Average1