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National Drinking Water Database


Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) in North Dakota


Total trihalomethanes constitute the sum of four disinfection byproducts: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in North Dakota

188 water utilities reported detecting Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1City of Bowbells
Bowbells, ND
4061 of 1190 ppb
(190 ppb)
2Langdon Rural WD - Cando
ND
501 of 1150 ppb
(150 ppb)
3City of Pembina
Pembina, ND
6429 of 9115.56 ppb
(10 to 230 ppb)
4City of Burlington
Burlington, ND
1,09618 of 18111.83 ppb
(20 to 200 ppb)
5Imperial Valley Water Co
Bismarck, ND
1701 of 190 ppb
(90 ppb)
6Southeast Wud (Central-Lisbon)
Mantador, ND
1,6751 of 190 ppb
(90 ppb)
7Greater Ramsey WD - Carrington
Devils Lake, ND
3461 of 190 ppb
(90 ppb)
8City of Glenburn
Glenburn, ND
3741 of 180 ppb
(80 ppb)
9City of Monango
Ellendale, ND
281 of 180 ppb
(80 ppb)
10Apple Valley Coop
Menoken, ND
3001 of 180 ppb
(80 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

StandardDescriptionLevel
One in one million (10-6) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 1,000,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.9.8 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.11.5 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.80 ppb
Lifetime health-based limit, non-cancer riskConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for a lifetime of exposure. The Lifetime health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is based on exposure for a a 70-kg adult consuming 2 liters of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.130 ppb
One in ten thousand (10-4) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 10,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.980 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1835 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.4860 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.10600 ppb

Violation Summary for Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) in North Dakota

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in North Dakota since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Over maximum contaminant level, Average56
Monitoring and Reporting Disinfection Byproduct Rule3