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National Drinking Water Database


Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) in North Carolina


Total trihalomethanes constitute the sum of four disinfection byproducts: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in North Carolina

1,457 water utilities reported detecting Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Chapel Ridge S/D
Clayton, NC
4006 of 6146.33 ppb
(54 to 230 ppb)
2Stanly Co-Millingport Dist
Albemarle, NC
10910 of 10104.01 ppb
(76 to 141 ppb)
3Stanfield #3-Polk Ford/Renee Ford
Stanfield, NC
3187 of 7100.07 ppb
(67 to 160 ppb)
4Chatham Co-Sw Chatham
Pittsboro, NC
2,26615 of 1699.56 ppb
(0 to 223 ppb)
5Goldston-Gulf Sanitary Dist
Goldston, NC
1,44321 of 2298.89 ppb
(0 to 206.75 ppb)
6Stanfield #1-Biglick Rd
Stanfield, NC
257 of 798.73 ppb
(60 to 170 ppb)
7Winfall Water System
Winfall, NC
51017 of 1795.43 ppb
(8 to 220 ppb)
8Ocean Sands Development
Corolla, NC
2,42310 of 1194.84 ppb
(0 to 240 ppb)
9Town of Carthage
Carthage, NC
2,44320 of 2093.58 ppb
(22 to 210 ppb)
10Town of Pittsboro
Pittsboro, NC
4,19125 of 2593.26 ppb
(17.4 to 194.4 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

StandardDescriptionLevel
One in one million (10-6) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 1,000,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.9.8 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.11.5 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.80 ppb
Lifetime health-based limit, non-cancer riskConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for a lifetime of exposure. The Lifetime health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is based on exposure for a a 70-kg adult consuming 2 liters of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.130 ppb
One in ten thousand (10-4) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 10,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.980 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1835 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.4860 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.10600 ppb

Violation Summary for Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) in North Carolina

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in North Carolina since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Monitoring and Reporting Disinfection Byproduct Rule488
Over maximum contaminant level, Average486