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National Drinking Water Database


Bromodichloromethane in North Carolina


Bromodichloromethane is a disinfection byproduct from the trihalomethane (THM) family, and is formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in North Carolina

1,135 water utilities reported detecting Bromodichloromethane in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Bromodichloromethane level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Chapel Ridge S/D
Clayton, NC
4003 of 356.33 ppb
(46 to 69 ppb)
2Porters Neck Plantation
Wilmington, NC
1,5547 of 950.89 ppb
(0 to 100 ppb)
3Currituck Club Water Company
Corolla, NC
86917 of 1744 ppb
(1 to 150 ppb)
4Winfall Water System
Winfall, NC
51012 of 1243.42 ppb
(3 to 80 ppb)
5Pine Island Utilities
Corolla, NC
74414 of 1431.86 ppb
(4.3 to 110 ppb)
6Feltonsville Comm Organization
Apex, NC
2257 of 828.5 ppb
(0 to 42 ppb)
7Ocean Sands Development
Corolla, NC
2,4239 of 1126.73 ppb
(0 to 80 ppb)
8Rieglewood Sanitary District
Rieglewood, NC
4439 of 925.78 ppb
(10 to 40 ppb)
9Brettonwood Hills S/D
Fayetteville, NC
1968 of 825.51 ppb
(18 to 34 ppb)
10Chatham Co-Asbury
Pittsboro, NC
84117 of 1724.59 ppb
(10 to 43 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Bromodichloromethane

StandardDescriptionLevel
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.55 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.55 ppb
One in one million (10-6) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 1,000,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.60 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.80 ppb
One in ten thousand (10-4) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 10,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb

Violation Summary for Bromodichloromethane in North Carolina

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in North Carolina since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly65