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National Drinking Water Database


Bromodichloromethane in Hawaii


Bromodichloromethane is a disinfection byproduct from the trihalomethane (THM) family, and is formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Hawaii

31 water utilities reported detecting Bromodichloromethane in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Bromodichloromethane level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Maunaloa-Kaluakoi
Honolulu, HI
1,0005 of 516.83 ppb
(13.93 to 18.97 ppb)
2Lower Kula
Wailuku, HI
3,2131 of 16.53 ppb
(6.53 ppb)
3Makawao
Wailuku, HI
27,6423 of 35.59 ppb
(4.2 to 8 ppb)
4Ninole
Hilo, HI
1492 of 23.6 ppb
(2.8 to 4.4 ppb)
5Lahaina
Wailuku, HI
17,9672 of 23.34 ppb
(2.71 to 3.98 ppb)
6Waiki'i Ranch
Kamuela, HI
842 of 23.25 ppb
(2.1 to 4.4 ppb)
7Olowalu
Kahului, HI
1002 of 23.05 ppb
(3 to 3.1 ppb)
8Lihue-Kapaa Dow
Lihue, HI
30,0009 of 92.77 ppb
(1.59 to 4.71 ppb)
9Hakalau-Wailea
Hilo, HI
3892 of 22.6 ppb
(1.95 to 3.25 ppb)
10Hawaiian Shores
Pahoa, HI
1,6802 of 21.95 ppb
(1.8 to 2.1 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Bromodichloromethane

StandardDescriptionLevel
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.55 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.55 ppb
One in one million (10-6) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 1,000,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.60 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.80 ppb
One in ten thousand (10-4) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 10,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb

Violation Summary for Bromodichloromethane in Hawaii

There are no violations reported for this contaminant in Hawaii