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National Drinking Water Database


Bromodichloromethane in Alaska


Bromodichloromethane is a disinfection byproduct from the trihalomethane (THM) family, and is formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Alaska

168 water utilities reported detecting Bromodichloromethane in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Bromodichloromethane level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Chefornak Water System
Chefornak, AK
4082 of 267.38 ppb
(2.76 to 132 ppb)
2Deering Utility System
Deering, AK
1505 of 738.21 ppb
(0 to 87.7 ppb)
3Shishmaref Water System
Shishmaref, AK
57213 of 1337.75 ppb
(20 to 54 ppb)
4Gulkana Village
Gakona, AK
8316 of 1625.66 ppb
(5.67 to 38 ppb)
5Nunam Iqua
Nunam Iqua, AK
21313 of 1321.69 ppb
(11.7 to 53.1 ppb)
6Gambell Water System
Gambell, AK
66914 of 1417.43 ppb
(1.52 to 28.4 ppb)
7Mekoryuk Washeteria Reservoir
Mekoryuk, AK
1935 of 514.82 ppb
(13.2 to 17.4 ppb)
8Bering ST SD - Teller Sc/Wash
Unalakleet, AK
29510 of 1012.39 ppb
(5.1 to 18.8 ppb)
9Selawik Safewater Facility
Selawik, AK
8008 of 811.69 ppb
(2.4 to 46.6 ppb)
10Shaktoolik Water System
Shaktoolik, AK
2404 of 411.54 ppb
(2.09 to 19.9 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Bromodichloromethane

StandardDescriptionLevel
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.55 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.55 ppb
One in one million (10-6) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 1,000,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.60 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.80 ppb
One in ten thousand (10-4) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 10,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb

Violation Summary for Bromodichloromethane in Alaska

There are no violations reported for this contaminant in Alaska