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National Drinking Water Database


Chloroform in Vermont


Chloroform is a disinfection byproduct from the trihalomethane (THM) family, and is formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Vermont

207 water utilities reported detecting Chloroform in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Chloroform level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Springfield Water Dept
Springfield, VT
9,8001 of 1110.21 ppb
(110.21 ppb)
2Proctor Water Dept
Proctor, VT
2,20012 of 1278.14 ppb
(27.7 to 208 ppb)
3North Hero Water System
North Hero, VT
1,80014 of 1477.48 ppb
(32.5 to 160 ppb)
4Chapel Mhp
Bennington, VT
765 of 572.8 ppb
(30 to 102 ppb)
5Patterson Mhp
Duxbury, VT
392 of 265 ppb
(60 to 70 ppb)
6Gore Road Mhp
Bennington, VT
10011 of 1163.09 ppb
(20 to 130 ppb)
7West Road Mhp
Bennington, VT
10511 of 1162.64 ppb
(20 to 110 ppb)
8Brighton Water System
Brighton, VT
2,48213 of 1358.19 ppb
(20 to 88.5 ppb)
9St Johnsbury Water System
St Johnsbury, VT
5,00016 of 1656.89 ppb
(2.2 to 108 ppb)
10Rutland Town Fire District 8
Rutland Town, VT
453 of 356.67 ppb
(50 to 60 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Chloroform

StandardDescriptionLevel
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.5.7 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.35 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.70 ppb
Lifetime health-based limit, non-cancer riskConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for a lifetime of exposure. The Lifetime health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is based on exposure for a a 70-kg adult consuming 2 liters of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.70 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.80 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.4000 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.4000 ppb

Violation Summary for Chloroform in Vermont

There are no violations reported for this contaminant in Vermont