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National Drinking Water Database


2,4,5-TP (Silvex) in Florida


2,4,5-TP (Silvex) is an herbicide banned in 1985; it was formerly used in homes and on recreation areas, industrial sites, lumber yards, vacant lots, lawns and turf, and crops including rice. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Florida

8 water utilities reported detecting 2,4,5-TP (Silvex) in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average 2,4,5-TP (Silvex) level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Glen St. Mary Water System
Glen St. Mary, FL
501 of 102.8 ppb
(0 to 28 ppb)
2Florida City
Florida City, FL
9,4451 of 30.33 ppb
(0 to 1 ppb)
3City of Cocoa- Claude H. Dyal Water Treatment Plant
Cocoa, FL
260,8871 of 60.01 ppb
(0 to 0.06 ppb)
4City of Winter Park (3 Wps)
Winter Park, FL
81,9281 of 5< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.04 ppb)
5City of Tamarac (West)
Tamarac, FL
63,2701 of 8< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.06 ppb)
6Gadsden Co Regional W/S
Quincy, FL
12,9452 of 9< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.05 ppb)
7Miami-Dade Water & Sewer Department
Miami, FL
2,100,0001 of 4< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.02 ppb)
8City of Palm Bay
Palm Bay, FL
101,3851 of 8< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.04 ppb)

Health Based Limits for 2,4,5-TP (Silvex)

StandardDescriptionLevel
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.10 ppb
California Public Health GoalsDefined by the State of California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) as the level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. For acutely toxic substances, levels are set at which scientific evidence indicates that no known or anticipated adverse effects on health will occur, plus an adequate margin-of safety. PHGs for carcinogens or other substances which can cause chronic disease shall be based solely on health effects without regard to cost impacts and shall be set at levels which OEHHA has determined do not pose any significant risk to health.25 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.50 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.50 ppb
Lifetime health-based limit, non-cancer riskConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for a lifetime of exposure. The Lifetime health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is based on exposure for a a 70-kg adult consuming 2 liters of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.50 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.200 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.200 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.300 ppb

Violation Summary for 2,4,5-TP (Silvex) in Florida

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Florida since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly2