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National Drinking Water Database

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in Alabama

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate is a pollutant from rubber and industrial chemical factories and a leachate from PVC pipes; it is classified by EPA as a probable human carcinogen. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Alabama

18 water utilities reported detecting Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
1Lockhart Water Works
Lockhart, AL
4982 of 23 ppb
(3 ppb)
2Alabaster Water Board
Alabaster, AL
38,7302 of 61.08 ppb
(0 to 4.5 ppb)
3Irondale Water System
Sneed, AL
8,4922 of 71 ppb
(0 to 4 ppb)
4City of Robertsdale
Robertsdale, AL
7,2601 of 30.89 ppb
(0 to 2.67 ppb)
5Columbiana Water Works
Columbiana, AL
10,8201 of 10.75 ppb
(0.75 ppb)
6Hawk Pride MT Water System
Tuscumbia, AL
4,0351 of 60.35 ppb
(0 to 2.1 ppb)
7Nectar Water System
Cleveland, AL
2,4601 of 80.14 ppb
(0 to 1.1 ppb)
8Sylacauga Utilities Board
Sylacauga, AL
22,2501 of 60.1 ppb
(0 to 0.6 ppb)
9Summerdale Water Works
Summerdale, AL
1,0711 of 30.06 ppb
(0 to 0.18 ppb)
10Quint-Mar Water Authority
Highland Home, AL
7,7882 of 80.06 ppb
(0 to 0.35 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0 ppb
One in one million (10-6) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 1,000,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.3 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.6 ppb
California Public Health GoalsDefined by the State of California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) as the level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. For acutely toxic substances, levels are set at which scientific evidence indicates that no known or anticipated adverse effects on health will occur, plus an adequate margin-of safety. PHGs for carcinogens or other substances which can cause chronic disease shall be based solely on health effects without regard to cost impacts and shall be set at levels which OEHHA has determined do not pose any significant risk to health.12 ppb
One in ten thousand (10-4) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 10,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.300 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.700 ppb

Violation Summary for Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in Alabama

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Alabama since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly25
Over maximum contaminant level, Average3