The Power of Information

National Drinking Water Database


Lindane in Illinois


Lindane is an insecticide still used in shampoo to control lice and scabies; it is a form of hexachlorocyclohexane, a highly toxic pesticide phased out of agricultural use in the U.S. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Illinois

7 water utilities reported detecting Lindane in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Lindane level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Expressway Mhp
Quincy, IL
981 of 3< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.03 ppb)
2Greenville
Greenville, IL
5,6001 of 12< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.06 ppb)
3Alden Long Grove Nursing Center
Chicago, IL
2481 of 8< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.02 ppb)
4Pheasant Lake Estates Mhp
Beecher, IL
1,1001 of 11< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.03 ppb)
5Dixie Estates Subdivision
Crete, IL
1751 of 12< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.03 ppb)
6Standard
Standard, IL
3001 of 12< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.03 ppb)
7Cary
Cary, IL
18,7131 of 23< 0.01 ppb
(< .01 to 0.00525 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Lindane

StandardDescriptionLevel
California Public Health GoalsDefined by the State of California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) as the level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. For acutely toxic substances, levels are set at which scientific evidence indicates that no known or anticipated adverse effects on health will occur, plus an adequate margin-of safety. PHGs for carcinogens or other substances which can cause chronic disease shall be based solely on health effects without regard to cost impacts and shall be set at levels which OEHHA has determined do not pose any significant risk to health.0.03 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.2 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.2 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.98 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.200 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb

Violation Summary for Lindane in Illinois

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Illinois since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly26