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National Drinking Water Database


Thallium (total) in Illinois


Thallium is a highly toxic metal that contaminates the environment due to leaching from ore-processing sites, discharge from electronics, glass, and drug factories and historical use as rodenticide [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Illinois

42 water utilities reported detecting Thallium (total) in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Thallium (total) level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Kampsville
Kampsville, IL
4001 of 13 ppb
(3 ppb)
2Bushnell
Bushnell, IL
3,3001 of 12 ppb
(2 ppb)
3Hinsdale
Hinsdale, IL
17,9403 of 51.16 ppb
(0 to 2.8 ppb)
4Coal City
Coal City, IL
4,7971 of 21 ppb
(0 to 2 ppb)
5Santa FE Estates Water Association
Chillicothe, IL
841 of 11 ppb
(1 ppb)
6Creve Coeur
Creve Coeur, IL
5,9001 of 21 ppb
(0 to 2 ppb)
7Niantic
Niantic, IL
7001 of 21 ppb
(0 to 2 ppb)
8Olympia Fields Country Club
Olympia Fields, IL
1001 of 11 ppb
(1 ppb)
9IL American-Saunemin
Creve Coeur, IL
4561 of 30.67 ppb
(0 to 2 ppb)
10London Mills
London Mills, IL
4471 of 30.67 ppb
(0 to 2 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Thallium (total)

StandardDescriptionLevel
California Public Health GoalsDefined by the State of California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) as the level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. For acutely toxic substances, levels are set at which scientific evidence indicates that no known or anticipated adverse effects on health will occur, plus an adequate margin-of safety. PHGs for carcinogens or other substances which can cause chronic disease shall be based solely on health effects without regard to cost impacts and shall be set at levels which OEHHA has determined do not pose any significant risk to health.0.1 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.24 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.5 ppb
Lifetime health-based limit, non-cancer riskConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for a lifetime of exposure. The Lifetime health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is based on exposure for a a 70-kg adult consuming 2 liters of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.5 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.2 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.2 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.7 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.7 ppb

Violation Summary for Thallium (total) in Illinois

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Illinois since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly7