National Drinking Water Database
Lithium in Minnesota
Lithium is a pollutant from mining and industrial manufacturing of metal alloys, ceramics, and batteries; it occurs naturally in soil and rock. [read more]
Lithium is a silver, soft metallic element used in nuclear munitions, metal alloys, ceramics, batteries and optical glass (NJ Department of Health and Senior Services 1999). Lithium hypochlorite is one of the more recently developed forms of chlorine. It is produced by bubbling chlorine gas through a solution of lithium salts. Lithium hypochlorite is an algicide, disinfectant, fungicide and food contact surface sanitizer. Millions of pounds of lithium hypochlorite are used annually as pesticides for control of algae, bacteria and mildew in swimming pool water systems, hot tubs and spas (USEPA 1993e).
Human exposure to lithium may lead to nausea, vomiting, low blood pressure, abdominal pain, diarrhea, sedation, and fine tremor. The more serious effects due to higher exposures involve the nervous system and include mental confusion, over-responsive reflexes, tremors, inability to speak clearly, seizures, cranial-nerve and focal neurological signs, progressing to coma and death; sometimes neurological damage may be irreversible (NJ Department of Health and Senior Services 1999). The toxicity of lithium is determined not only by the amount of lithium ingested, but also by the amount of sodium in the diet; reduced sodium intake enhances the toxicity of lithium (Stockinger 1981).
The Most Polluted Communities in Minnesota
1 water utilities reported detecting Lithium in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies
Ranked by highest average Lithium level
|Rank||System||Population Served||Positive test results of total reported tests||Average Level|
|1||Saint Louis Park|
St Louis Park, MN
|44,126||1 of 1||50 ppb|
Health Based Limits for Lithium
There are no health based standards that EWG is using for this chemical
Violation Summary for Lithium in Minnesota
There are no violations reported for this contaminant in Minnesota