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National Drinking Water Database


Manganese in Alabama


Manganese is a naturally occurring element released from mineral deposits as well as industrial use.

The Most Polluted Communities in Alabama

104 water utilities reported detecting Manganese in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Manganese level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Macon County Water Authority
Tuskegee, AL
7,5631 of 1371.5 ppb
(371.5 ppb)
2Winfield Water Works & Sewer Board
Winfield, AL
9,0001 of 2338.33 ppb
(0 to 676.67 ppb)
3Opelika Water Works Board
Opelika, AL
30,0001 of 2267.5 ppb
(0 to 535 ppb)
4Crossville Water Board
Crossville, AL
1,9501 of 1132 ppb
(132 ppb)
5York Water System/City of York
York, AL
3,7082 of 2105 ppb
(40 to 170 ppb)
6Red Bay Water & Gas Board
Red Bay, AL
5,3671 of 1100 ppb
(100 ppb)
7Pisgah Water Works
Pisgah, AL
1,3502 of 286 ppb
(86 ppb)
8Billingsley Water System
Billingsley, AL
1,4131 of 184 ppb
(84 ppb)
9Kennedy Water Works Board
Kennedy, AL
8101 of 184 ppb
(84 ppb)
10New Hope Water System (Coffee Co.)
Jack, AL
1,5001 of 166 ppb
(66 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Manganese

StandardDescriptionLevel
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.50 ppb
National Secondary Drinking Water RegulationsA National Secondary Drinking Water Regulation is a non-enforceable guideline regarding contaminants that may cause cosmetic effects (such as taste, odor, or color). Some states choose to adopt them as enforceable standards. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 50 ppb
Lifetime health-based limit, non-cancer riskConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for a lifetime of exposure. The Lifetime health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is based on exposure for a a 70-kg adult consuming 2 liters of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.300 ppb
Health-Based Screening LevelA benchmark concentration of contaminants in water that may be of potential concern for human health, if exceeded. For noncarcinogens, the HBSL represents the contaminant concentration in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse effects over a lifetime of exposure. For carcinogens, the HBSL range represents the contaminant concentration in drinking water that corresponds to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 chance in 1 million to 1 chance in 10 thousand. Source: U.S. Geological Survey.300 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1600 ppb

Violation Summary for Manganese in Alabama

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Alabama since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly1