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National Drinking Water Database


Lead (total) in Alabama


Lead is a metal that enters water by corrosion of household plumbing systems, discharge of industrial pollution and erosion of natural deposits. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Alabama

35 water utilities reported detecting Lead (total) in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Lead (total) level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Samson Water Works
Samson, AL
3,6001 of 134.5 ppb
(34.5 ppb)
2Clio Water Works
Clio, AL
2,8141 of 114.67 ppb
(14.67 ppb)
3Lemoyne Water System, Inc.
Axis, AL
3,3601 of 112.33 ppb
(12.33 ppb)
4Owens Crossroads Water Authority
Owens Crossroad, AL
4,6201 of 19.65 ppb
(9.65 ppb)
5Sulligent Water Works
Sulligent, AL
2,6701 of 18.5 ppb
(8.5 ppb)
6Demopolis Water Works
Demopolis, AL
9,8191 of 17.75 ppb
(7.75 ppb)
7Utilities Board of Pennington
Pennington, AL
1,2061 of 47.75 ppb
(0 to 31 ppb)
8Livingston Water Works
Livingston, AL
4,4401 of 16 ppb
(6 ppb)
9Town of Walnut Grove
Walnut Grove, AL
1,0201 of 16 ppb
(6 ppb)
10Thorsby Water Works Board
Thorsby, AL
3,3001 of 15.5 ppb
(5.5 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Lead (total)

StandardDescriptionLevel
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0 ppb
California Public Health GoalsDefined by the State of California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) as the level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. For acutely toxic substances, levels are set at which scientific evidence indicates that no known or anticipated adverse effects on health will occur, plus an adequate margin-of safety. PHGs for carcinogens or other substances which can cause chronic disease shall be based solely on health effects without regard to cost impacts and shall be set at levels which OEHHA has determined do not pose any significant risk to health.0.2 ppb

Violation Summary for Lead (total) in Alabama

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Alabama since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly17