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National Drinking Water Database


Chromium (total) in Massachusetts


Chromium is a metal that pollutes drinking water due to discharge from steel and pulp mills and erosion of natural deposits. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Massachusetts

50 water utilities reported detecting Chromium (total) in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Chromium (total) level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1North Adams Water Dept
North Adams, MA
15,0002 of 25.5 ppb
(1.5 to 9.5 ppb)
2Deerfield Fire District
Deerfield, MA
1,3001 of 15 ppb
(5 ppb)
3Berkshire School
Sheffield, MA
3901 of 13.6 ppb
(3.6 ppb)
4South Hadley Fire District #2
South Hadley, MA
6,2001 of 13.54 ppb
(3.54 ppb)
5Villages AT Stow
MA
7451 of 13.33 ppb
(3.33 ppb)
6Hadley Highway & Water Dept
Hadley, MA
4,7261 of 23.32 ppb
(0 to 6.63 ppb)
7Paul Dever State School
Taunton, MA
1501 of 23 ppb
(0 to 6 ppb)
8Bachelor Knolls
Granby, MA
1011 of 22.6 ppb
(0 to 5.2 ppb)
9Williamstown Water Dept
Williamstown, MA
8,3822 of 22.58 ppb
(1.73 to 3.43 ppb)
10Easthampton Water Dept
Easthampton, MA
16,0002 of 32.47 ppb
(0 to 3.9 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Chromium (total)

StandardDescriptionLevel
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb

Violation Summary for Chromium (total) in Massachusetts

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Massachusetts since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly20