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National Drinking Water Database


Chromium (total) in Arizona


Chromium is a metal that pollutes drinking water due to discharge from steel and pulp mills and erosion of natural deposits. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Arizona

368 water utilities reported detecting Chromium (total) in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Chromium (total) level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Town of Wenden
Wenden, AZ
6501 of 170 ppb
(70 ppb)
2AZ American Water - Agua Fria Water
Phoenix, AZ
34,0002 of 251.5 ppb
(38 to 65 ppb)
3City of Surprise
Sun City, AZ
13,8002 of 235.83 ppb
(28.67 to 43 ppb)
4I-40 Industrial Water Sys
AZ
1,4801 of 135 ppb
(35 ppb)
5AZ American Water - Paradise Valley
Phoenix, AZ
12,0002 of 232.5 ppb
(30 to 35 ppb)
6Ghr Landowners Assn Water Coop
Scottsdale, AZ
402 of 430.25 ppb
(0 to 65 ppb)
7Saguaro Acres Cfd
Sun City West, AZ
1801 of 129 ppb
(29 ppb)
8Sherman Pines Water Co
Prescott, AZ
901 of 128.5 ppb
(28.5 ppb)
9DS Water Company
Desert Springs, AZ
2501 of 127 ppb
(27 ppb)
10White Hills Wc, Inc 346
Bullhead, AZ
501 of 223.5 ppb
(0 to 47 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Chromium (total)

StandardDescriptionLevel
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.100 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb

Violation Summary for Chromium (total) in Arizona

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Arizona since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly49