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National Drinking Water Database


Cadmium (total) in Florida


Cadmium is a metal used in the steel and plastic industries; it is released from corrosion of galvanized pipes, runoff from metal refineries, waste batteries and paints; contamination from fertilizers; and erosion of natural deposits. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Florida

318 water utilities reported detecting Cadmium (total) in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Cadmium (total) level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1South Dunnellon Water Assoc
Dunnellon, FL
3001 of 14.1 ppb
(4.1 ppb)
2Jea: Mayport Wtp
Jacksonville, FL
8001 of 13.4 ppb
(3.4 ppb)
3Yankeetown Water Dept.
Yankeetown, FL
7111 of 13.2 ppb
(3.2 ppb)
4South Brevard Water Co-Op
Melbourne Beach, FL
1,5371 of 12.9 ppb
(2.9 ppb)
5Dunnellon Hills Water System
Dunellon, FL
1001 of 12.5 ppb
(2.5 ppb)
6Town of Pierson
Pierson, FL
2,6571 of 22.5 ppb
(0 to 5 ppb)
7Inverness Village Condo Associations
Inverness, FL
3831 of 12.2 ppb
(2.2 ppb)
8Holly Court Apts
Tampa, FL
401 of 12.1 ppb
(2.1 ppb)
9Santa FE Hills Subdivision
Alachua, FL
2001 of 62 ppb
(0 to 12 ppb)
10Inglewood Estates MH S/D
Inglis, FL
1501 of 11.9 ppb
(1.9 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Cadmium (total)

StandardDescriptionLevel
California Public Health GoalsDefined by the State of California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) as the level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. For acutely toxic substances, levels are set at which scientific evidence indicates that no known or anticipated adverse effects on health will occur, plus an adequate margin-of safety. PHGs for carcinogens or other substances which can cause chronic disease shall be based solely on health effects without regard to cost impacts and shall be set at levels which OEHHA has determined do not pose any significant risk to health.0.04 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.5 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.5 ppb
Lifetime health-based limit, non-cancer riskConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for a lifetime of exposure. The Lifetime health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is based on exposure for a a 70-kg adult consuming 2 liters of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.5 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.20 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.40 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.40 ppb

Violation Summary for Cadmium (total) in Florida

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Florida since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly3