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National Drinking Water Database


Barium (total) in Virginia


Barium is a mineral that enters drinking water through drilling and mining waste runoff, discharges from chemical industries and erosion of natural deposits. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Virginia

18 water utilities reported detecting Barium (total) in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Barium (total) level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Delaney Court
Salem, VA
2241 of 12000 ppb
(2000 ppb)
2Western Virginia Water Authority
VA
155,0001 of 4500 ppb
(0 to 2000 ppb)
3Beacon Hill-Lcsa
Leesburg, VA
2981 of 1260 ppb
(260 ppb)
4Lenah Farms
Leesburg, VA
8254 of 4169.05 ppb
(76.2 to 270 ppb)
5Fairfax Water
Merrifield, VA
823,2163 of 349.94 ppb
(36 to 65.5 ppb)
6Fairfax Water- Lorton Water Treatment Plant
Merrifield, VA
411,6083 of 344.67 ppb
(28 to 55 ppb)
7Town of Lovettsville
Lovettsville, VA
1,6383 of 429.83 ppb
(0 to 50.8 ppb)
8Town of Purcellville
Purcellville, VA
6,3007 of 828.31 ppb
(0 to 53 ppb)
9Newport News Water Works
Newport News, VA
406,00013 of 1321.42 ppb
(15.5 to 27.2 ppb)
10Rapidan Service Authority
Ruckersville, VA
6,9353 of 417.88 ppb
(0 to 34 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Barium (total)

StandardDescriptionLevel
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.700 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.700 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.2000 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.2000 ppb
California Public Health GoalsDefined by the State of California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) as the level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. For acutely toxic substances, levels are set at which scientific evidence indicates that no known or anticipated adverse effects on health will occur, plus an adequate margin-of safety. PHGs for carcinogens or other substances which can cause chronic disease shall be based solely on health effects without regard to cost impacts and shall be set at levels which OEHHA has determined do not pose any significant risk to health.2000 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.7000 ppb

Violation Summary for Barium (total) in Virginia

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Virginia since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly22