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National Drinking Water Database


Barium (total) in Kentucky


Barium is a mineral that enters drinking water through drilling and mining waste runoff, discharges from chemical industries and erosion of natural deposits. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Kentucky

191 water utilities reported detecting Barium (total) in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Barium (total) level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1City of Hindman
Hindman, KY
2,3502 of 21025 ppb
(840 to 1210 ppb)
2Ratliff Family Enterprises
Kimper, KY
523 of 3913.33 ppb
(870 to 950 ppb)
3Knott Co Water & Sewer District
Hindman, KY
3432 of 2415 ppb
(290 to 540 ppb)
4Wallins Water System
Baxter, KY
1,6504 of 4267.43 ppb
(42.7 to 480 ppb)
5Hickman Water Department
Hickman, KY
4,5115 of 5216.4 ppb
(180 to 240 ppb)
6Sandy Hook Water District
Sandy Hook, KY
3,9602 of 2165 ppb
(100 to 230 ppb)
7Evarts Municipal Water Plant
Evarts, KY
3,2214 of 4144.25 ppb
(60 to 259 ppb)
8Birkle Water Supply
Petersburg, KY
255 of 5101.6 ppb
(90 to 112 ppb)
9Lynch Water Works
Lynch, KY
1,3203 of 480 ppb
(0 to 130 ppb)
10Hawesville Water Works
Hawesville, KY
3,2845 of 578 ppb
(26 to 104 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Barium (total)

StandardDescriptionLevel
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.700 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.700 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.2000 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.2000 ppb
California Public Health GoalsDefined by the State of California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) as the level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. For acutely toxic substances, levels are set at which scientific evidence indicates that no known or anticipated adverse effects on health will occur, plus an adequate margin-of safety. PHGs for carcinogens or other substances which can cause chronic disease shall be based solely on health effects without regard to cost impacts and shall be set at levels which OEHHA has determined do not pose any significant risk to health.2000 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.7000 ppb

Violation Summary for Barium (total) in Kentucky

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Kentucky since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly14