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National Drinking Water Database


Barium (total) in Alabama


Barium is a mineral that enters drinking water through drilling and mining waste runoff, discharges from chemical industries and erosion of natural deposits. [read more]

The Most Polluted Communities in Alabama

101 water utilities reported detecting Barium (total) in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Barium (total) level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Pisgah Water Works
Pisgah, AL
1,3502 of 2706 ppb
(706 ppb)
2Perry County Water Authority
Marion, AL
2,5501 of 1580 ppb
(580 ppb)
3Snead Water Works
Snead, AL
4,9051 of 1521 ppb
(521 ppb)
4Hanceville Water Works
Hanceville, AL
5,8111 of 1473 ppb
(473 ppb)
5Crossville Water Board
Crossville, AL
1,9501 of 1327 ppb
(327 ppb)
6Nectar Water System
Cleveland, AL
2,4601 of 1216 ppb
(216 ppb)
7FT Mitchell Water System
Ft Mitchell, AL
6,7381 of 1201 ppb
(201 ppb)
8Repton Water Works
Repton, AL
5071 of 1201 ppb
(201 ppb)
9Selma Water Works & Sewer Board
Selma, AL
28,6801 of 1185.5 ppb
(185.5 ppb)
10Billingsley Water System
Billingsley, AL
1,4131 of 1178 ppb
(178 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Barium (total)

StandardDescriptionLevel
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.700 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.700 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1000 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit (MCL)The enforceable standard which defines the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to health-based limits (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals, or MCLGs) as feasible using the best available analytical and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.2000 ppb
Maximum Contaminant Limit Goal (MCLG)A non-enforceable health goal that is set at a level at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons occurs and which allows an adequate margin of safety. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.2000 ppb
California Public Health GoalsDefined by the State of California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) as the level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. For acutely toxic substances, levels are set at which scientific evidence indicates that no known or anticipated adverse effects on health will occur, plus an adequate margin-of safety. PHGs for carcinogens or other substances which can cause chronic disease shall be based solely on health effects without regard to cost impacts and shall be set at levels which OEHHA has determined do not pose any significant risk to health.2000 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.7000 ppb

Violation Summary for Barium (total) in Alabama

Data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency includes the following violations of federal standards in Alabama since 2004

Violation TypeNumber of Violations
Failure to monitor regularly17