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National Drinking Water Database


National Drinking Water Database - Chemical Contaminants

p,p'-DDT


Status: Unregulated - EPA has not established a maximum legal limit in tapwater for this contaminant.

para-para DDT is toxic and persistent insecticide banned in the U.S. and most other countries.

 
Detected
Found above
health guidelines
Found above
legal limit
States
1
1
-
Water utilities
1
1
-
People Served
201,000
201,000
-

Health Concerns for p,p'-DDT:


p,p'-DDT Exposure by State

Water utilities in 1 states have reported detecting p,p'-DDT in treated tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies.

StateWater Suppliers with p,p'-DDT contaminationWater suppliers reporting p,p'-DDT above health-based limits
SystemsPopulationSystemsPopulation
Delaware1201,0001201,000
Total1201,0001201,000

The Most Polluted Communities

1 water utilities reported detecting p,p'-DDT in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average p,p'-DDT level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Artesian Water Company
Newark, DE
201,0001 of 83< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.02 ppb)

Health Based Limits for p,p'-DDT

StandardDescriptionLevel
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.<0.01 ppb
Health-Based Screening LevelA benchmark concentration of contaminants in water that may be of potential concern for human health, if exceeded. For noncarcinogens, the HBSL represents the contaminant concentration in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse effects over a lifetime of exposure. For carcinogens, the HBSL range represents the contaminant concentration in drinking water that corresponds to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 chance in 1 million to 1 chance in 10 thousand. Source: U.S. Geological Survey.0.1 ppb-10 ppb

Testing Summary for p,p'-DDT

Are tests routinely required for p,p'-DDT by federal law?No
Water suppliers reporting tests for p,p'-DDT (2004-2009):1,664 of 47,576
Average testing rate for water supplier reporting tests (2004-2009):0.3 per year

Cancer

Type of concern: Reference:
Possible human carcinogen EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)
Possible human carcinogen NTP Report on Carcinogens, 11th Edition
Possible human carcinogen California EPA Proposition 65
Cancer - strong evidence Proposition 65 List of Carcinogens
Limited evidence of carcinogenicity European Union - Classification & Labelling
Limited evidence of carcinogenicity Amer Conf of Gov't Industrial Hygienists - Carcinogens
Limited evidence of carcinogenicity Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Archives of Toxicology 1980
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya 1973
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Hokkaidoritsu Eisei Kenkyushoho 1979
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 1976
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London) 1990
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London) 1984
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London) 1987
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Journal of Cell Biology 1970
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- "Insecticide Biochemistry and Physiology," Wilkinson, C 1976
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Food and Cosmetics Toxicology 1973
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 1975
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1975
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 1981
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 1995
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Archiv fuer Geschwulstforschung 1981
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 1974
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Pharmacology and Therapeutics 1979
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 1974
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 1986
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 2004
One or more in vitro tests non-mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 1981
One or more in vitro tests non-mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 1981
One or more in vitro tests non-mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Experientia 1985
One or more in vitro tests non-mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 1974
One or more in vitro tests on microorganisms show positive mutation results RTECS®- Experientia 1974
One or more in vitro tests on microorganisms show positive mutation results RTECS®- Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 1969

Neurotoxicity

Type of concern: Reference:
Strong evidence of human neurotoxicity Chemicals known to be neurotoxic to humans

Endocrine disruption

Type of concern: Reference:
Human disruptor - strong evidence European Commission on Endocrine Disruption
One or more studies show significant wildlife and the environment disruption European Commission on Endocrine Disruption
Limited evidence of endocrine disruption BKH/European Commission, 2000
endocrine - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox study Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine System
endocrine - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox study Our Stolen Future Endocrine Disruptors

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

Type of concern: Reference:
Possible human developmental toxicant California EPA Proposition 65
Human developmental toxicant - strong evidence Proposition 65 List of Carcinogens
Human reproductive toxicant - strong evidence Proposition 65 List of Carcinogens
Human nervous system toxicant - moderate evidence Chemicals known to be neurotoxic to humans

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Type of concern: Reference:
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humans National Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humans EU PTBs - PRIO database & Secondary PRIO database
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humans United Nations Environment Programme/POPs Treaty
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife National Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife Great Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy) PBTs
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife OSPAR PBTs - Substances of Possible Concern

Occupational hazards

Type of concern: Reference:
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low doses European Union - Classification & Labelling
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low doses RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Type of concern: Reference:
Classified as toxic or harmful European Union - Classification & Labelling
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicity National Library of Medicine HazMap
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicity Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2004
Limited evidence of cardiovascular or blood toxicity LaDou, J, 1990
Limited evidence of kidney toxicity Merck & Co
One or more animal studies show classified as toxic effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) National Library of Medicine HazMap

Ecotoxicology

Type of concern: Reference:
Wildlife and environmental toxicity European Union - Classification & Labelling
Wildlife and environmental toxicity EPA Clean Water Act - Priority Pollutants
Wildlife and environmental toxicity Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine System



Government, industry, academic studies and classifications

government/industry list/academic study appears on list as classification(s)
European Union - Classification & LabellingDDT (COMMON NAME NOT ADOPTED BY ISO)•Toxic
•Toxic if swallowed
•Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect
•Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect
•Dangerous for the environment
•Very toxic to aquatic organisms
Amer Conf of Gov't Industrial Hygienists - CarcinogensDDT (DICHLORODIPHENYL TRICHLOROETHANE)•Confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans (ACGIH classification A3)
Association of Occupational and Environmental ClinicsDDT• P
Association of Occupational and Environmental ClinicsDDT• P
EPA Clean Water Act - Priority PollutantsDDT•Priority water pollutant under the Clean Water Act
Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine SystemDDT•EPA: known endocrine disruptor
Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - CarcinogensDDT [P,P'-DDT]•IARC Group 2B: possible human carcinogen (International Agency for Research on Carcinogens)
National Library of Medicine HazMapDDT•Restricted - Regulations that have banned or restricted the use of the agent: All agricultural uses cancelled in 1972 by EPA; [Sullivan, p. 660];
•Hepatotoxin: Hepatotoxin, Secondary;
•PEL (OSHA) - Permissible exposure limit (OSHA): 1 mg/m3;
•Bioaccumulates: Yes;
•Other Poison: Organochlorine Pesticide;
•IARC Carcinogen - International Agency for Research on Cancer; classifies chemicals as established (1), probable (2a), or possible (2b) human carcinogens: Possible Carcinogen;
•TLV (ACGIH) - Threshold limit value (ACGIH): 1 mg/m3;
•Flammability (NFPA) - NFPA flammability code: 0 = will not burn; 1 = must be preheated; 2 = high ambient temp required; 3 = may ignite at ambient temp; 4 = burn readily: 2: high ambient temperature required;
•IDLH (NIOSH) - Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health: 500 mg/m3;MA: 1 mg/
Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants1,1'-(2,2,2-TRICHLOROETHYLIDENE)BIS[4-CHLORO-BENZENERestricted use under the Aahrus Protocol for Persistent Organic Pollutants
Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants1,1'-(2,2,2-TRICHLOROETHYLIDENE)BIS[4-CHLORO-BENZENEScheduled for elimination under Aahrus Protocol for Persistent Organic Pollutants
Great Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy) PBTs1,1'-(2,2,2-TRICHLOROETHYLIDENE)BIS[4-CHLORO-BENZENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - Great Lakes Binational Strategy, Tier 1 concern (highest), targeted for phase-out
OSPAR PBTs - Substances of Possible Concern1,1'-(2,2,2-TRICHLOROETHYLIDENE)BIS[4-CHLORO-BENZENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - Oslo-Paris (OSPAR) Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic, chemical of concern
United Nations Environment Programme/POPs Treaty1,1'-(2,2,2-TRICHLOROETHYLIDENE)BIS[4-CHLORO-BENZENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - targeted for restrictions under international treaty (Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, or POPs Convention)
EU PTBs - PRIO database & Secondary PRIO databaseDDT•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - European Chemicals Bureau PBT working group
EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)P,P'-DICHLORODIPHENYLTRICHLOROETHANE (DDT)•Group B2: Probable human carcinogen - sufficient data in animals (EPA classification)
NTP Report on Carcinogens, 11th EditionDICHLORODIPHENYLTRICHLOROETHANE (DDT)•Reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen (National Toxicology Program classification)
Our Stolen Future Endocrine DisruptorsDDT
California EPA Proposition 65DDT (DICHLORODIPHENYL-TRICHLOROETHANE)•Carcinogen: California Proposition 65
California EPA Proposition 65P,P'-DDT•Developmental toxin: California Proposition 65
•Reproductive toxin, female: California Proposition 65
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2004DDT•Gastrointestinal or liver toxicity hazards: suspected
BKH/European Commission, 2000DDT•Endocrine toxicity hazards: suspected
LaDou, J, 1990DDT•Cardiovascular or blood toxicity hazards: suspected
Merck & CoDDT•Kidney toxicity hazards: suspected
Proposition 65 List of CarcinogensDDT•Developmental toxicity hazards: recognized
Proposition 65 List of CarcinogensDDT•Cancer hazards: recognized
Proposition 65 List of CarcinogensDDT•Reproductive toxicity hazards: recognized
Canada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics IngredientsCLOFENOTANE•Prohibited from use in Canadian cosmetics
European Commission on Endocrine DisruptionDDT (TECHNICAL) = CLOFENOTANEHH-CAT1;WF-CAT1
European Commission on Endocrine DisruptionP,P'-DDT = CLOFENOTANEHH-CAT1;WF-CAT1
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007DDT• occupationally related - ACGIH TLV (human TWA)
RTECS®- "Insecticide Biochemistry and Physiology," Wilkinson, C 1976DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis (rat oth)
RTECS®- Archiv fuer Geschwulstforschung 1981DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Inhibition (mouse ipr)
RTECS®- Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 1986DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: other mutation test systems (mammal fbr)
RTECS®- Archives of Toxicology 1980DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Inhibition (rat oth)
RTECS®- Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 1974DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis (Drosophila melanogaster orl)
• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Dominant Lethal Strain (Drosophila melanogaster orl)
• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Sex Chromosome Loss and Nondisjunction (Drosophila melanogaster orl)
RTECS®- Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 1975DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: sperm (rat orl)
RTECS®- Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 1974DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis (mouse ipr)
RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London) 1990DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Morphological Transform (rat orl)
RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London) 1984DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Unscheduled DNA Synthesis (rat lvr)
RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London) 1987DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Unscheduled DNA Synthesis (rat orl)
RTECS®- Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 1969DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Dominant Lethal Strain (other insects orl)
RTECS®- Experientia 1974DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis (quail emb)
• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: other mutation test systems (quail emb)
RTECS®- Experientia 1985DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Inhibition (Drosophila melanogaster oth)
RTECS®- Food and Cosmetics Toxicology 1973DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Dominant Lethal Strain (rat orl)
RTECS®- Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya 1973DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: other mutation test systems ( human fbr)
RTECS®- Hokkaidoritsu Eisei Kenkyushoho 1979DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis ( human leu)
RTECS®- Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 1981DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Inhibition (other micro-organisms )
• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: other mutation test systems (other micro-organisms )
RTECS®- Journal of Cell Biology 1970DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis (rat ipr)
RTECS®- Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1975DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Morphological Transform (mouse emb)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1995DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: other mutation test systems (mouse orl)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1976DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis ( human lym)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 2004DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Morphological Transform (mouse oth)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1981DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Adduct (Escherichia coli )
RTECS®- Pharmacology and Therapeutics 1979DDT• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis (mouse unr)
• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Dominant Lethal Strain (mouse orl)



references

government/industry list/academic study reference
European Union - Classification & LabellingCPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
Amer Conf of Gov't Industrial Hygienists - CarcinogensACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists) 2008. ACGIH cancer classification system. www.acgih.org.
Association of Occupational and Environmental ClinicsAOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
EPA Clean Water Act - Priority Pollutants
Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine SystemIllinois EPA (Illinois Environmental Protection Agency). 2000. Preliminary list of chemicals associated with endocrine system effects in animals and humans (*) or in vitro (+). In EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) 2000. Handbook for Non-Cancer Health Effects Valuation, Appendix C.
Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - CarcinogensIARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
National Library of Medicine HazMapNLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic PollutantsAarhus LRTAP. 1998. Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). Geneva Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, United Nations Environment Program.
Great Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy) PBTsGreat Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy). 1997. Canada-United States Strategy for the Virtual Elimination of Persistent Toxic Substances in the Great Lakes. Appendix I - Level 1 and Level 2 substances.
OSPAR PBTs - Substances of Possible ConcernOSPAR (Oslo-Paris). 2002. OSPAR List of Substances of Possible Concern. Secondary OSPAR List of Substances of Possible Concern. Secondary OSPAR. Place Published, OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environement of North-East Atlanic.
United Nations Environment Programme/POPs TreatyUNEP (United Nations Environment Programme). 2001. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) — POPs Treaty.
EU PTBs - PRIO database & Secondary PRIO databaseEU (European Union). 2006. Persistent, bioaccumulative chemicals identified in PRIO database - a tool for risk reduction of chemicals. Secondary PRIO database - a tool for risk reduction of chemicals. Secondary Kemi. Place Published, Kemi-Swedish Chemicals Inspectorate.
EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Evidence for human carcinogenicity based on 1986-2005 guidelines.
NTP Report on Carcinogens, 11th EditionNTP (National Toxicology Program). 2005. Report on Carcinogens, Eleventh Edition; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Toxicology Program.
Our Stolen Future Endocrine DisruptorsColborn T, D Dumanoski, JP Myers. 2006. Widespread Pollutants with Endocrine-disrupting Effects. Updated from original listing in "Our Stolen Future" (1996).
California EPA Proposition 65California EPA (California Environmental Protection Agency). 9/2008. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986. Chemicals known to the State to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity.
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationAgency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Minimal risk Levels for Hazardous Substances. January 2004. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/mrls.html, Malachowsky, M.J. Health Effects of Toxic Substances. Government Institutes. Rockville, MD 1995., National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances. See Environmental Defense's Suspect Hazard Identification documentation.
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationBKH/European Commission. Towards the establishment of a priority list of substances for further evaluation of their role in endocrine disruption: - preparation of a candidate list of substances as a basis for priority setting. Final report-November 2000. http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/docum/01262_en.htm#bkh. Category 1 chemicals from Annex 1: Candidate list of 553 substances. http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/docum/bkh_annex_01.pdf, Brucker-Davis, F. Effects of Environmental Synthetic Chemicals on Thyroid Function. Thyroid. 8(9): 827-856. 1998., Illinois EPA. Endocrine Disruptors Strategy. 1997. (Table 1: Preliminary List of Chemicals Associated with Endocrine System Effects in Animals and Humans or In Vitro). http://www.nihs.go.jp/hse/environ/illiepatable.htm, Japanese National Institute of Health Sciences. Lists of Paradigmatic Chemicals. http://www.nihs.go.jp/hse/endocrine-e/paradigm/paradigm.html, Keith, L.H. (ed.). Environmental Endocrine Disruptors. John Wiley & Sons, NY. 1997. http://www.wileyeurope.com/cda/product/0,,0471191450%7Cdesc%7C3037,00.html, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances. See Environmental Defense's Suspect Hazard Identification documentation., World Wildlife Fund. Our Stolen Future. Widespread Pollutants with Endocrine-disrupting Effects. http://www.ourstolenfuture.org/Basics/chemlist.htm. The WWF list is derived from references detailed at http://www.ourstolenfuture.org/Sources/chemsources.htm and was originally published in: Colborn, T., F.S. vom Saal, and A.M. Soto. Developmental Effects of Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals In Wildlife and Humans. Environmental Health Perspectives 101(5): 378-384. 1993.
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationLaDou, J. (ed.). Occupational Medicine. Appleton & Lange, Norwalk, CN. 1990., Malachowsky, M.J. Health Effects of Toxic Substances. Government Institutes. Rockville, MD 1995., National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances. See Environmental Defense's Suspect Hazard Identification documentation.
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationMerck & Co. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. TABLE 226-1. Common Nephrotoxic Agents http://www.merck.com/pubs/mmanual/tables/226tb1.htm
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationProposition 65 List of Carcinogens (July 2004) can be obtained from http://www.oehha.ca.gov/prop65/prop65_list/Newlist.html.
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationProposition 65 List of Carcinogens (July 2004) can be obtained from http://www.oehha.ca.gov/prop65/prop65_list/Newlist.html.
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationProposition 65 List of Carcinogens (July 2004) can be obtained from http://www.oehha.ca.gov/prop65/prop65_list/Newlist.html.
Canada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics IngredientsHealth Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
European Commission on Endocrine DisruptionEU (European Union)- Strategy for Endocrine Disrupters 2007. Commision on endocrin disruption requested by the European Parliament in 1998.
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007
RTECS®- "Insecticide Biochemistry and Physiology," Wilkinson, C 1976RTECS®- "Insecticide Biochemistry and Physiology," Wilkinson, C.F., ed., New York, Plenum Pub. Corp., 1976 -,555,1976
RTECS®- Archiv fuer Geschwulstforschung 1981RTECS®- Archiv fuer Geschwulstforschung. (VEB Verlag Volk und Gesundheit Neue Gruenstr. 18, Berlin DDR-1020, Ger. Dem. Rep.) V.1- 51,605,1981
RTECS®- Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 1986RTECS®- Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. (Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., Service Center, 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 070944) V.1- 15,581,1986
RTECS®- Archives of Toxicology 1980RTECS®- Archives of Toxicology. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberger Pl. 3, D-1000 Berlin 33, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.32- 45,101,1980
RTECS®- Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 1974RTECS®- Australian Journal of Biological Sciences. (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, 314 Albert St., E. Melbourne, Vic. 3002, Australia) V.6- 27,427,1974
RTECS®- Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 1975RTECS®- Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. (Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., Service Center, 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094) V.1- 14,171,1975
RTECS®- Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 1974RTECS®- Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology. (National Research Council of Canada, Publication Sales and Distribution, Ottawa ON K1A OR6, Canada) V.1- 16,491,1974
RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London) 1990RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London). (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House, Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK) V.1- 11,1413,1990
RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London) 1984RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London). (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House, Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK) V.1- 5,1547,1984
RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London) 1987RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London). (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House, Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK) V.1- 8,1433,1987
RTECS®- Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 1969RTECS®- Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. (Kluwer Academic Pub. Group, Distribution Centre, POB 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, Netherlands) V.1- 12,221,1969
RTECS®- Experientia 1974RTECS®- Experientia. (Birkhaeuser Verlag, POB 133, CH-4010 Basel, Switzerland) V.1- 30,920,1974
RTECS®- Experientia 1985RTECS®- Experientia. (Birkhaeuser Verlag, POB 133, CH-4010 Basel, Switzerland) V.1- 41,745,1985
RTECS®- Food and Cosmetics Toxicology 1973RTECS®- Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. (London, UK) V.1-19, 1963-81. For publisher information, see FCTOD7. 11,53,1973
RTECS®- Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya 1973RTECS®- Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1-36, 1957-1992. For publisher information, see MTPEEI 17(3),32,1973
RTECS®- Hokkaidoritsu Eisei Kenkyushoho 1979RTECS®- Hokkaidoritsu Eisei Kenkyushoho. Report of the Hokkaido Institute of Public Health. (Nishi- 12-chome, Kita-19-jo, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060, Japan) No.1- 29,33,1979
RTECS®- Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 1981RTECS®- Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. (Publications & Information Directorate, CSIR, Hillside Rd., New Delhi 110 012, India) V.1- 19,568,1981
RTECS®- Journal of Cell Biology 1970RTECS®- Journal of Cell Biology. (Rockefeller Univ. Press, 1230 York Ave., New York, NY 10003) V.12- 1962- 47,78a,1970
RTECS®- Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1975RTECS®- Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (Washington, DC) V.1-60, 1940-78. For publisher information, see JJIND8. 54,981,1975
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1995RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 343,157,1995
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1976RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 40,131,1976
RTECS®- Mutation Research 2004RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 557,191,2004
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1981RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 89,95,1981
RTECS®- Pharmacology and Therapeutics 1979RTECS®- Pharmacology and Therapeutics. (Pergamon Press Ltd., Headington Hill Hall, Oxford OX3 0BW, UK) V.4- 6,147,1979

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