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National Drinking Water Database


National Drinking Water Database - Chemical Contaminants

Titanium


Status: Unregulated - EPA has not established a maximum legal limit in tapwater for this contaminant.

Titanium is a metal broadly used for industrial applications, especially manufacture of pigments; it is released as industrial pollutant or due to erosion of natural deposits.

 
Detected
Found above
health guidelines
Found above
legal limit
States
3
-
-
Water utilities
9
-
-
People Served
264,341
-
-

Health Concerns for Titanium:


Titanium Exposure by State

Water utilities in 3 states have reported detecting Titanium in treated tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies.

StateWater Suppliers with Titanium contamination
SystemsPopulation
Alaska2221,550
New York625,791
Nevada117,000
Total9264,341

The Most Polluted Communities

9 water utilities reported detecting Titanium in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Titanium level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Moa Municipality of Anchorage
Anchorage, AK
221,3511 of 126.43 ppb
(26.43 ppb)
2Tyonek Water System
Tyonek, AK
1991 of 126.2 ppb
(26.2 ppb)
3Newton Falls Water District
Cranberry Lake, NY
5501 of 114 ppb
(14 ppb)
4Henderson Town WD #1
Henderson, NY
6501 of 210.5 ppb
(0 to 21 ppb)
5Ellisburg WD 1 (Pierrepont Manor)
Ellisburg, NY
3001 of 27 ppb
(0 to 14 ppb)
6Gloversville (C) Water Works
Gloversville, NY
17,9911 of 16 ppb
(6 ppb)
7Deferiet Village
Deferiet, NY
3001 of 24.5 ppb
(0 to 9 ppb)
8Tupper Lake V
Tupper Lake, NY
6,0001 of 32 ppb
(0 to 6 ppb)
9Virgin Valley Water District
Mesquite, NV
17,0001 of 11.6 ppb
(1.6 ppb)

Testing Summary for Titanium

Are tests routinely required for Titanium by federal law?No
Water suppliers reporting tests for Titanium (2004-2008):40 of 47,576
Average testing rate for water supplier reporting tests (2004-2008):0.2 per year

Cancer

Type of concern: Reference:
One or more animal studies show tumor formation at moderate doses RTECS®- Progress Report for Contract No
One or more animal studies show tumor formation at high doses RTECS®- Progress Report for Contract No

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

Type of concern: Reference:
One or more animal studies show reproductive effects at moderate doses RTECS®- Archives of Environmental Health 1971

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Type of concern: Reference:
Limited evidence of respiratory toxicity Nemery, B, 1990
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful Environment Canada Domestic Substance List

Enhanced skin absorption

Type of concern: Reference:
Suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skin Nanomaterial Database

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Type of concern: Reference:
Not suspected to be bioaccumulative Environment Canada Domestic Substance List

Ecotoxicology

Type of concern: Reference:
Not suspected to be an environmental toxin Environment Canada Domestic Substance List



Government, industry, academic studies and classifications

government/industry list/academic study appears on list as classification(s)
Association of Occupational and Environmental ClinicsTITANIUM• o
Environment Canada Domestic Substance ListTITANIUM•This chemical was NOT flagged by CEPA for further attention. The chemical was flagged for suspected persistence.
Nanomaterial DatabaseTITANIUM•potential nano-scale ingredient
Nemery, B, 1990TITANIUM METAL POWDER•Respiratory toxicity hazards: suspected
RTECS®- Archives of Environmental Health 1971TITANIUM POWDER• reproductive - Fetotoxicity (rat TDLo)
RTECS®- Progress Report for Contract No TITANIUM POWDER• cancer - blood tumor formations - equivocal (rat TDLo)
• cancer - Tumors at site of application (rat TDLo)



references

government/industry list/academic study reference
Association of Occupational and Environmental ClinicsAOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
Environment Canada Domestic Substance ListEC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
Nanomaterial DatabaseNanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online: http://www.nanowerk.com/phpscripts/n_dbsearch.php
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationNemery, B. Metal Toxicity and the Respiratory Tract. European Respiratory Journal. 3(2): 202-219. 1990.(Table 1: Summary of pulmonary toxicity of metals).
RTECS®- Archives of Environmental Health 1971RTECS®- Archives of Environmental Health. (Heldref Pub., 4000 Albemarle St., NW, Washington, DC 20016) V.1- 1960- 23,102,1971
RTECS®- Progress Report for Contract No RTECS®- Progress Report for Contract No. PH-43-64-886, Submitted to the National Cancer Institute by The Institute of Chemical Biology, University of San Francisco. (San Francisco, CA 94117) PH43-64-886

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