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National Drinking Water Database


National Drinking Water Database - Chemical Contaminants

Tert-Butyl Alcohol


Status: Unregulated - EPA has not established a maximum legal limit in tapwater for this contaminant.

tert-Butyl alcohol is used in disinfectants, solvents, paints, laboratory chemicals and in numerous industrial processes; over one billion pounds were manufactured in 2006.

 
Detected
Found above
health guidelines
Found above
legal limit
States
1
-
-
Water utilities
32
-
-
People Served
917,004
-
-

Health Concerns for Tert-Butyl Alcohol:


Tert-Butyl Alcohol Exposure by State

Water utilities in 1 states have reported detecting Tert-Butyl Alcohol in treated tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies.

StateWater Suppliers with Tert-Butyl Alcohol contamination
SystemsPopulation
California32917,004
Total32917,004

The Most Polluted Communities

32 water utilities reported detecting Tert-Butyl Alcohol in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Tert-Butyl Alcohol level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Santa Ynez River Water Cons. Dist. Id#1
Santa Ynez, CA
6,5001 of 125.5 ppb
(0 to 66 ppb)
2Edwards Afb - Air Force Research Lab
Edwards Air Force Base, CA
1,2151 of 14.9 ppb
(4.9 ppb)
3Cypress Canyon Water System
Lake Isabella, CA
481 of 13.6 ppb
(3.6 ppb)
4Golden State Water Co - Wrightwood
Apple Valley, CA
9,4791 of 33.33 ppb
(0 to 10 ppb)
5Yosemite Spring Park Util Co
Coarsegold, CA
3,3002 of 353.09 ppb
(0 to 88 ppb)
6Edwards Afb - Main Base
Edwards Afb, CA
14,9131 of 22.97 ppb
(0 to 5.94 ppb)
7Paramount - City, Water Dept.
Paramount, CA
55,2001 of 22.05 ppb
(0 to 4.1 ppb)
8Kern Valley Mutual Water
Lake Isabella, CA
341 of 21.7 ppb
(0 to 3.4 ppb)
9Hope Foundation/Moriah Heights
Plymouth, CA
3001 of 31.3 ppb
(0 to 3.9 ppb)
10Pillar Ridge Mhp (Former EL Granada Mhp)
Moss Beach, CA
1,0001 of 131.23 ppb
(0 to 16 ppb)

Testing Summary for Tert-Butyl Alcohol

Are tests routinely required for Tert-Butyl Alcohol by federal law?No
Water suppliers reporting tests for Tert-Butyl Alcohol (2004-2009):1,325 of 47,576
Average testing rate for water supplier reporting tests (2004-2009):0.8 per year

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Type of concern: Reference:
Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humans Environment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulative Environment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Type of concern: Reference:
One or more animal studies show sense organ effects at very low doses RTECS®- National Technical Information Service 2351
Classified as medium human health priority Environment Canada Domestic Substance List
One or more animal studies show classified as toxic effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTs
One or more animal studies show liver effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) RTECS®- Research Communications in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology 1979
One or more animal studies show broad systemic effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) RTECS®- "Vrednie chemichescie veshestva, galogen I kislorod sodergashie organicheskie soedinenia" 1984
One or more animal studies show sense organ effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) RTECS®- National Technical Information Service 2351
One or more animal studies show respiratory effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) RTECS®- National Technical Information Service 2351
One or more animal studies show gastrointestinal effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) RTECS®- National Technical Information Service 2351
One or more animal studies show sense organ effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) RTECS®- Industrial Medicine and Surgery 1972
One or more animal studies show cardiovascular effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) RTECS®- Industrial Medicine and Surgery 1972
One or more animal studies show respiratory effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) RTECS®- Industrial Medicine and Surgery 1972
One or more animal studies show broad systemic effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) RTECS®- "Vrednie chemichescie veshestva, galogen I kislorod sodergashie organicheskie soedinenia" 1984
One or more animal studies show kidney or renal system effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) RTECS®- Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 1992
One or more animal studies show metabolic effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) RTECS®- Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 1992
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful Environment Canada Domestic Substance List

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

Type of concern: Reference:
Classified as lung irritant European Union - Classification & Labelling
One or more animal studies show skin irritation at moderate doses RTECS®- National Technical Information Service 2351

Occupational hazards

Type of concern: Reference:
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2005
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2006
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- MSHA STANDARD-air: 3,32,1971
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Gen Indu): 29,1910 1994
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Construc): 29,1926 1994
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Shipyard): 29,1915 1993
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Fed Cont): 41,50-204 1994
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007

Cancer

Type of concern: Reference:
One or more in vitro tests non-mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 1999
One or more animal studies show tumor formation at high doses RTECS®- National Toxicology Program Technical Report Series 1995
One or more animal studies show tumor formation at high doses RTECS®- National Technical Information Service 2748
One or more in vitro tests on microorganisms show positive mutation results RTECS®- Environment and Ecology 1989

Neurotoxicity

Type of concern: Reference:
One or more animal studies show brain, nervous system, or behavioral effect effects at high doses RTECS®- Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie 1935
One or more animal studies show brain, nervous system, or behavioral effect effects at high doses RTECS®- Proceedings of the University of Otago Medical School 1976
One or more animal studies show brain, nervous system, or behavioral effect effects at high doses RTECS®- Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 1992
nervous system - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox study National Library of Medicine HazMap

Miscellaneous

Type of concern: Reference:
Occupational hazards related to handling European Union - Classification & Labelling

Ecotoxicology

Type of concern: Reference:
Not suspected to be an environmental toxin Environment Canada Domestic Substance List



Government, industry, academic studies and classifications

government/industry list/academic study appears on list as classification(s)
European Union - Classification & Labelling2-METHYLPROPAN-2-OL; TERT-BUTYL ALCOHOL•Highly flammable
•Irritating to eyes and respiratory system
Cosmetic Ingredient Review AssessmentsT-BUTYL ALCOHOL•Safe as used in cosmetics according to industry panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR)


Environment Canada Domestic Substance List2-PROPANOL, 2-METHYL-•This chemical was deemed a moderate human health priority even though it did not meet the strict criteria of the categorization exercise of CEPA. The chemical was flagged for suspected persistence.
IFRA Fragrance Ingredient List2-METHYL-2-PROPANOL•The chemical has been reported as used in fragrance compounds by IFRA affiliated member companies in 2008.
National Library of Medicine HazMapTERT-BUTYL ALCOHOL•Neurotoxin: CNS Solvent Syndrome;
•PEL (OSHA) - Permissible exposure limit (OSHA): 100 ppm;
•TLV (ACGIH) - Threshold limit value (ACGIH): 100 ppm;
•Flammability (NFPA) - NFPA flammability code: 0 = will not burn; 1 = must be preheated; 2 = high ambient temp required; 3 = may ignite at ambient temp; 4 = burn readily: 3: may ignite at ambient temperature;
•IDLH (NIOSH) - Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health: 1600 ppm;
•Odor Threshold High - The lowest concentration at which a substance can be detected or recognized using the sense of smell: 957 ppm;
•Odor Threshold Low - The lowest concentration at which a substance can be detected or recognized using the sense of smell: 3.3 ppm;
•MAK - Maximum Allowable Concentration (Federal Republic of Germany): 20 ppm;
EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTs2METHYL2PROPANOL•Toxic, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxics Release Inventory programs
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2005T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• occupationally related - ACGIH TLV (human TWA)
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2006T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• occupationally related - ACGIH TLV (human TWA)
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• occupationally related - ACGIH TLV (human TWA)
RTECS®- "Vrednie chemichescie veshestva, galogen I kislorod sodergashie organicheskie soedinenia" 1984T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• broad systemic - Broad systemic toxicity (mouse LD50)
RTECS®- Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie 1935T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• brain, nervous system, or behavioral effect - Somnolence (general depressed activity) (frog LDLo)
• brain, nervous system, or behavioral effect - Spastic paralysis with or without sensory change (frog LDLo)
RTECS®- Environment and Ecology 1989T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis (other insects par)
RTECS®- Environment and Ecology 1989T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis (other insects par)
RTECS®- Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 1992T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• metabolic - Weight loss or decreased weight gain (rat TDLo)
• brain, nervous system, or behavioral effect - Fluid intake (rat TDLo)
• kidney or renal system - Urine volume decreased (rat TDLo)
RTECS®- Industrial Medicine and Surgery 1972T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• sense organ - Corneal damage (rabbit LD50)
• respiratory - Dyspnea (rabbit LD50)
• cardiovascular - Pulse rate (rabbit LD50)
RTECS®- MSHA STANDARD-air: 3,32,1971T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• occupationally related - MSHA STANDARD-air (human TWA)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1999T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Mutation in Micro-organism (Salmonella typhimurium )
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1999T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Mutation in Micro-organism (Salmonella typhimurium )
RTECS®- National Technical Information Service 2351T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• sense organ - Primary eye irritant (rabbit )
• skin - Primary skin irritant (rabbit )
RTECS®- National Technical Information Service 2351T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• sense organ - Lacrimation (rat LD50)
• gastrointestinal - Other changes (rat LD50)
• sense organ - Primary eye irritant (rabbit )
• skin - Primary skin irritant (rabbit )
• respiratory - Respiratory depression (rat LD50)
RTECS®- National Technical Information Service 2748T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• cancer - endocrine system neoplasms (mouse TDLo)
• cancer - endocrine system tumor formations - equivocal (mouse TDLo)
• cancer - kidney or renal system neoplasms (rat TDLo)
RTECS®- National Toxicology Program Technical Report Series 1995T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• cancer - endocrine system neoplasms (mouse TDLo)
• cancer - kidney or renal system neoplasms (rat TDLo)
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Construc): 29,1926 1994T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• occupationally related - OSHA PEL (Construc) (human TWA)
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Fed Cont): 41,50-204 1994T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• occupationally related - OSHA PEL (Fed Cont) (human TWA)
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Gen Indu): 29,1910 1994T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• occupationally related - OSHA PEL (Gen Indu) (human TWA)
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Shipyard): 29,1915 1993T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• occupationally related - OSHA PEL (Shipyard) (human TWA)
RTECS®- Proceedings of the University of Otago Medical School 1976T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• brain, nervous system, or behavioral effect - Convulsions or effect on seizure threshold (rat TDLo)
• brain, nervous system, or behavioral effect - Withdrawal (rat TDLo)
RTECS®- Research Communications in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology 1979T-BUTYL ALCOHOL• liver - Other changes (mouse LD50)



references

government/industry list/academic study reference
European Union - Classification & LabellingCPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
Cosmetic Ingredient Review AssessmentsCIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
Environment Canada Domestic Substance ListEC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
IFRA Fragrance Ingredient ListIFRA (International Fragrance Assocication). 2010. IFRA Fragrance Ingredient List based on 2008 Use Survey. Accessed online 01/04/2010: http://www.ifraorg.org/Home/News/Latest-News/page.aspx/66?xf_itemId=43&xf_selectionDatapartId=25
National Library of Medicine HazMapNLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTsEPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999. Toxics Release Inventory Program. PBT Chemical Rule.
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2005RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2005
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2006RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2006
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007
RTECS®- "Vrednie chemichescie veshestva, galogen I kislorod sodergashie organicheskie soedinenia" 1984RTECS®- "Vrednie chemichescie veshestva, galogen I kislorod sodergashie organicheskie soedinenia". (Hazardous substances. Galogen and oxygen containing substances), Bandman A.L. et al., Chimia, 1994 -,102,1984
RTECS®- Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie 1935RTECS®- Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. (Heymans Institute of Pharmacology, De Pintelaan 185, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium) V.4- 1898- 50,296,1935
RTECS®- Environment and Ecology 1989RTECS®- Environment and Ecology. (Environment and Ecology, C/o Dr. S.K. Konar, Dept. of Zoology, Kalyani University, Kalyani 741253, West Bengal, India) V.1- 1983- 5,321,1989
RTECS®- Environment and Ecology 1989RTECS®- Environment and Ecology. (Environment and Ecology, C/o Dr. S.K. Konar, Dept. of Zoology, Kalyani University, Kalyani 741253, West Bengal, India) V.1- 5,321,1989
RTECS®- Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 1992RTECS®- Fundamental and Applied Toxicology. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1-40, 1981-97. For publisher information, see TOSCF2 19,91,1992
RTECS®- Industrial Medicine and Surgery 1972RTECS®- Industrial Medicine and Surgery. (Northbrook, IL) V.18-42, 1949-73. For publisher information, see IOHSA5. 41,31,1972
RTECS®- MSHA STANDARD-air: 3,32,1971RTECS®- MSHA STANDARD-air: 3,32,1971
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1999RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 446,15,1999
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1999RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- -1964 446,15,1999
RTECS®- National Technical Information Service 2351RTECS®- National Technical Information Service. (Springfield, VA 22161) Formerly U.S. Clearinghouse for Scientific & Technical Information. OTS0572351
RTECS®- National Technical Information Service 2351RTECS®- National Technical Information Service. (Springfield, VA 22161) Formerly U.S. Clearinghouse for Scientific & Technical Information. OTS0572351
RTECS®- National Technical Information Service 2748RTECS®- National Technical Information Service. (Springfield, VA 22161) Formerly U.S. Clearinghouse for Scientific & Technical Information. PB96-162748
RTECS®- National Toxicology Program Technical Report Series 1995RTECS®- National Toxicology Program Technical Report Series. (Research Triangle Park, NC 27709) No.206- NTP-TR-436,1995
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Construc): 29,1926 1994RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Construc): 29,1926.55,1994
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Fed Cont): 41,50-204 1994RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Fed Cont): 41,50-204.50,1994
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Gen Indu): 29,1910 1994RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Gen Indu): 29,1910.1000,1994
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Shipyard): 29,1915 1993RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Shipyard): 29,1915.1000,1993
RTECS®- Proceedings of the University of Otago Medical School 1976RTECS®- Proceedings of the University of Otago Medical School. (Otago Medical School Research Soc., Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand) V.1- 1922- 54,86,1976
RTECS®- Research Communications in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology 1979RTECS®- Research Communications in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology. (PJD Pub. Ltd., P.O. Box 966, Westbury, NY 11590) V.1- 1970- 26,75,1979

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