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National Drinking Water Database


National Drinking Water Database - Chemical Contaminants

Phenols


Status: Unregulated - EPA has not established a maximum legal limit in tapwater for this contaminant.

Phenol is a widely used industrial chemical, an intermediate in chemical manufacturing and a disinfectant; it is also released from the decomposition of organic waste. [read more]

 
Detected
Found above
health guidelines
Found above
legal limit
States
1
-
-
Water utilities
15
-
-
People Served
219,970
-
-

Phenols Exposure by State

Water utilities in 1 states have reported detecting Phenols in treated tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies.

StateWater Suppliers with Phenols contamination
SystemsPopulation
Illinois15219,970
Total15219,970

The Most Polluted Communities

15 water utilities reported detecting Phenols in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Phenols level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Geneva
Geneva, IL
21,9011 of 1400 ppb
(400 ppb)
2Industry
Industry, IL
5401 of 147.2 ppb
(47.2 ppb)
3Loves Park
Loves Park, IL
22,4761 of 140 ppb
(40 ppb)
4Atlanta
Atlanta, IL
1,6491 of 135 ppb
(35 ppb)
5Cedar Brook Estates Subdivision
East Moline, IL
2061 of 116.9 ppb
(16.9 ppb)
6Hopkins Park
Hopkins Park, IL
7111 of 116 ppb
(16 ppb)
7Secor
Secor, IL
3901 of 111.4 ppb
(11.4 ppb)
8Macomb
Macomb, IL
11,8401 of 111.1 ppb
(11.1 ppb)
9IL American-Champaign
Creve Coeur, IL
141,0001 of 211 ppb
(0 to 22 ppb)
10Homer
Homer, IL
1,2001 of 110 ppb
(10 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Phenols

StandardDescriptionLevel
Lifetime health-based limit, non-cancer riskConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for a lifetime of exposure. The Lifetime health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is based on exposure for a a 70-kg adult consuming 2 liters of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.2000 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.6000 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.6000 ppb
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.10000 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.11000 ppb

Testing Summary for Phenols

Are tests routinely required for Phenols by federal law?No
Water suppliers reporting tests for Phenols (2004-2009):1,991 of 47,576
Average testing rate for water supplier reporting tests (2004-2009):0.2 per year



Government, industry, academic studies and classifications

government/industry list/academic study appears on list as classification(s)



references

government/industry list/academic study reference

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