The Power of Information

National Drinking Water Database


National Drinking Water Database - Chemical Contaminants

Fluoranthene


Status: Unregulated - EPA has not established a maximum legal limit in tapwater for this contaminant.

Fluoranthene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) released from the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels; it is a constituent of coal tar and asphalt coatings on pipes and storage tanks in tap water distribution systems.

 
Detected
Found above
health guidelines
Found above
legal limit
States
4
-
-
Water utilities
13
-
-
People Served
463,874
-
-

Health Concerns for Fluoranthene:


Fluoranthene Exposure by State

Water utilities in 4 states have reported detecting Fluoranthene in treated tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies.

StateWater Suppliers with Fluoranthene contamination
SystemsPopulation
Delaware2207,699
California1200,000
Arkansas855,866
Iowa2309
Total13463,874

The Most Polluted Communities

13 water utilities reported detecting Fluoranthene in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Fluoranthene level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Plover Water Supply
Storm Lake, IA
951 of 11.1 ppb
(1.1 ppb)
2Hampton Waterworks
Hampton, AR
1,7704 of 51.05 ppb
(0 to 2.48 ppb)
3Rector Waterworks
Rector, AR
2,1948 of 150.27 ppb
(0 to 1.4 ppb)
4Palmer Water Supply
Palmer, IA
2141 of 20.15 ppb
(0 to 0.3 ppb)
5Arsenal Water System
Pine Bluff, AR
2,5771 of 20.13 ppb
(0 to 0.26 ppb)
6Harrisburg Waterworks
Harrisburg, AR
2,1921 of 30.1 ppb
(0 to 0.3 ppb)
7Seaford Water Department
Seaford, DE
6,6992 of 40.04 ppb
(0 to 0.1 ppb)
8United Water Arkansas
Pine Bluff, AR
40,0521 of 70.04 ppb
(0 to 0.26 ppb)
9Mineral Springs Waterworks
Mineral Springs, AR
1,2501 of 4< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.03 ppb)
10MC Gehee Waterworks
Mcgehee, AR
4,8391 of 6< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.04 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Fluoranthene

StandardDescriptionLevel
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.130 ppb
Health-Based Screening LevelA benchmark concentration of contaminants in water that may be of potential concern for human health, if exceeded. For noncarcinogens, the HBSL represents the contaminant concentration in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse effects over a lifetime of exposure. For carcinogens, the HBSL range represents the contaminant concentration in drinking water that corresponds to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 chance in 1 million to 1 chance in 10 thousand. Source: U.S. Geological Survey.300 ppb

Testing Summary for Fluoranthene

Are tests routinely required for Fluoranthene by federal law?No
Water suppliers reporting tests for Fluoranthene (2004-2009):1,360 of 47,576
Average testing rate for water supplier reporting tests (2004-2009):0.5 per year

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Type of concern: Reference:
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humans EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTs
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife Canada PBTs - Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET)
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife Great Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy) PBTs
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife OSPAR PBTs - Substances of Possible Concern
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife Emerging PBTs from peer-reviewed literature
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife EPA PBTs - Waste Minimization Program (RCRA)

Cancer

Type of concern: Reference:
Cancer - not classifiable/not likely to be human carcinogen EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Developments in Toxicology and Environtal Science 1982
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1973
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 1986
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Environmental Mutagenesis 1984
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Toxicologist 2005
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 2005
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 2008
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutagenesis 2007
One or more in vitro tests non-mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 2002
One or more in vitro tests non-mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 2004
One or more in vitro tests non-mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 2007
Cancer - not classifiable/not likely to be human carcinogen Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Type of concern: Reference:
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicity Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2004

Ecotoxicology

Type of concern: Reference:
Wildlife and environmental toxicity EPA Clean Water Act - Priority Pollutants
Wildlife and environmental toxicity European Union - Water Framework Directive



Government, industry, academic studies and classifications

government/industry list/academic study appears on list as classification(s)
EPA Clean Water Act - Priority PollutantsFLUORANTHENE•Priority water pollutant under the Clean Water Act
European Union - Water Framework DirectiveFLUORANTHENE•Priority substance in EU water policy
Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic PollutantsFLUORANTHENEObligates Parties to reduce emissions under Aahrus Protocol for Persistent Organic Pollutants
Canada PBTs - Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET)FLUORANTHENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant under Canada's Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics program - targeted for elimination or reduction
Great Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy) PBTsFLUORANTHENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - Great Lakes Binational Strategy, Tier 2 concern (moderate), targeting for monitoring/testing
OSPAR PBTs - Substances of Possible ConcernFLUORANTHENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - Oslo-Paris (OSPAR) Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic, chemical of concern
EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTsFLUORANTHENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - targeted for waste reporting under U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxics Release Inventory programs
Emerging PBTs from peer-reviewed literatureFLUORANTHENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - Limited or emerging evidence in open scientific literature
EPA PBTs - Waste Minimization Program (RCRA)FLUORANTHENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, priority chemical for voluntary waste/emission reductions
EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)FLUORANTHENE•Group D: Not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity (EPA classification)
Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - CarcinogensFLUORANTHENE•IARC Group 3 (no cancer link)
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2004FLUORANTHENE•Gastrointestinal or liver toxicity hazards: suspected
RTECS®- Developments in Toxicology and Environtal Science 1982FLUORANTHENE• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Mutation in Mammalian Somatic Cells ( human lym)
RTECS®- Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 2004FLUORANTHENE• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Mutation in Micro-organism (Salmonella typhimurium )
RTECS®- Environmental Mutagenesis 1984FLUORANTHENE• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Mutation in Mammalian Somatic Cells (hamster ovr)
RTECS®- Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1973FLUORANTHENE• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Morphological Transform (rat emb)
RTECS®- Mutagenesis 2007FLUORANTHENE• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Adduct (rat lvr)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1986FLUORANTHENE• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Sister Chromatid Exchange (hamster ovr)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 2002FLUORANTHENE• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Damage (Escherichia coli )
RTECS®- Mutation Research 2005FLUORANTHENE• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Damage ( human ovr)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 2007FLUORANTHENE• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Mutation in Micro-organism (Salmonella typhimurium )
RTECS®- Mutation Research 2008FLUORANTHENE• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Damage (hamster fbr)
RTECS®- Toxicologist 2005FLUORANTHENE• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Adduct (rat orl)



references

government/industry list/academic study reference
EPA Clean Water Act - Priority Pollutants
European Union - Water Framework DirectiveEU (European Union). 2000. Water Framework Directive (Directive 2000/60/EC ) - integrated river basin management for Europe. List of priority substances.
Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic PollutantsAarhus LRTAP. 1998. Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). Geneva Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, United Nations Environment Program.
Canada PBTs - Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET)EC (Environment Canada). 1994. Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET). ARET substance list of persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic chemicals.
Great Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy) PBTsGreat Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy). 1997. Canada-United States Strategy for the Virtual Elimination of Persistent Toxic Substances in the Great Lakes. Appendix I - Level 1 and Level 2 substances.
OSPAR PBTs - Substances of Possible ConcernOSPAR (Oslo-Paris). 2002. OSPAR List of Substances of Possible Concern. Secondary OSPAR List of Substances of Possible Concern. Secondary OSPAR. Place Published, OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environement of North-East Atlanic.
EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTsEPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999. Toxics Release Inventory Program. PBT Chemical Rule.
Emerging PBTs from peer-reviewed literatureEmerging PBTs from peer-reviewed literature
EPA PBTs - Waste Minimization Program (RCRA)EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1998. Resource Conservatin and Recovery Act (RCRA) Waste Minimization Program - priority chemicals for elimination or reduction.
EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Evidence for human carcinogenicity based on 1986-2005 guidelines.
Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - CarcinogensIARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationAgency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Minimal risk Levels for Hazardous Substances. January 2004. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/mrls.html
RTECS®- Developments in Toxicology and Environtal Science 1982RTECS®- Developments in Toxicology and Environtal Science. (Elsevier Science, New York, NY) V.1-15, 1977-87. Discontinued 10,277,1982
RTECS®- Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 2004RTECS®- Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis. (Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003) V.10- 44,304,2004
RTECS®- Environmental Mutagenesis 1984RTECS®- Environmental Mutagenesis. (New York, NY) V.1-9, 1979-87. For publisher information, see EMMUEG. 6,539,1984
RTECS®- Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1973RTECS®- Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (Washington, DC) V.1-60, 1940-78. For publisher information, see JJIND8. 51,799,1973
RTECS®- Mutagenesis 2007RTECS®- Mutagenesis. (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House, Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK) V.1- 22,55,2007
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1986RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 174,125,1986
RTECS®- Mutation Research 2002RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 515,85,2002
RTECS®- Mutation Research 2005RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 575,17,2005
RTECS®- Mutation Research 2007RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 626,88,2007
RTECS®- Mutation Research 2008RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 650,96,2008
RTECS®- Toxicologist 2005RTECS®- Toxicologist. (Soc. of Toxicology, Inc., 475 Wolf Ledge Parkway, Akron, OH 44311) V.1- 1981- 44,306,2005

"RTECS®" is a United States trademark owned and licensed under authority of the U.S. Government, by and through MDL Information Systems, Inc.