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National Drinking Water Database


National Drinking Water Database - Chemical Contaminants

Ethyl ether


Status: Unregulated - EPA has not established a maximum legal limit in tapwater for this contaminant.

Ethyl ether is a solvent for waxes, fats, oils, perfumes, and other materials; it is used in production of industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals and gun powder, as a primer for gasoline engines, and as a medical anesthetic.

 
Detected
Found above
health guidelines
Found above
legal limit
States
2
-
-
Water utilities
9
-
-
People Served
157,187
-
-

Health Concerns for Ethyl ether:


Ethyl ether Exposure by State

Water utilities in 2 states have reported detecting Ethyl ether in treated tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies.

StateWater Suppliers with Ethyl ether contamination
SystemsPopulation
New Jersey7154,837
Minnesota22,350
Total9157,187

The Most Polluted Communities

9 water utilities reported detecting Ethyl ether in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Ethyl ether level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Maple Plain
Maple Plain, MN
2,0701 of 21.55 ppb
(0 to 3.1 ppb)
2Upsala
Upsala, MN
2801 of 60.88 ppb
(0 to 5.3 ppb)
3South River W Dept
South River, NJ
14,0001 of 30.83 ppb
(0 to 2.5 ppb)
4Collingswood Water Depar
Collingswood, NJ
20,0001 of 40.14 ppb
(0 to 0.57 ppb)
5Southeast Morris County Mua
Cedar Knolls, NJ
67,6575 of 290.14 ppb
(0 to 1.7 ppb)
6Point Pleasant Water Department
Point Pleasant, NJ
19,6002 of 50.08 ppb
(0 to 0.22 ppb)
7Long Beach Twp Brant Bea
Brant Beach, NJ
25,2951 of 10.06 ppb
(0.06 ppb)
8Long Beach Twp WD Holgat
Brant Beach, NJ
2,0001 of 20.06 ppb
(0 to 0.12 ppb)
9Tuckerton Water & Sewer Dept
Tuckerton, NJ
6,2851 of 50.03 ppb
(0 to 0.16 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Ethyl ether

StandardDescriptionLevel
Health-Based Screening LevelA benchmark concentration of contaminants in water that may be of potential concern for human health, if exceeded. For noncarcinogens, the HBSL represents the contaminant concentration in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse effects over a lifetime of exposure. For carcinogens, the HBSL range represents the contaminant concentration in drinking water that corresponds to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 chance in 1 million to 1 chance in 10 thousand. Source: U.S. Geological Survey.1000 ppb

Testing Summary for Ethyl ether

Are tests routinely required for Ethyl ether by federal law?No
Water suppliers reporting tests for Ethyl ether (2004-2008):1,055 of 47,576
Average testing rate for water supplier reporting tests (2004-2008):0.7 per year

Occupational hazards

Type of concern: Reference:
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low doses European Union - Classification & Labelling
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to moderate doses European Union - Classification & Labelling
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2006
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- MSHA STANDARD-air: 3,106,1971
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Gen Indu): 29,1910 1994
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Construc): 29,1926 1994
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Shipyard): 29,1915 1993
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Fed Cont): 41,50-204 1994
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to high doses RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Type of concern: Reference:
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmful Environment Canada Domestic Substance List
One or more animal studies show sense organ effects at low doses RTECS®- Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 1976
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicity National Library of Medicine HazMap
One or more animal studies show sense organ effects at high doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) RTECS®- Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology 1943

Cancer

Type of concern: Reference:
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- JAT, Journal of Applied Toxicology 1985
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Anesthesiology 1975
One or more in vitro tests non-mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Chemico-Biological Interactions 1976

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

Type of concern: Reference:
One or more animal studies show skin irritation at very low doses RTECS®- Hifu 1980
One or more animal studies show skin irritation at moderate doses RTECS®- Union Carbide Data Sheet 1973

Neurotoxicity

Type of concern: Reference:
nervous system - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox study National Library of Medicine HazMap

Miscellaneous

Type of concern: Reference:
Occupational hazards related to handling European Union - Classification & Labelling



Government, industry, academic studies and classifications

government/industry list/academic study appears on list as classification(s)
European Union - Classification & LabellingDIETHYL ETHER; ETHER•Extremely flammable
•Harmful
•Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness
Association of Occupational and Environmental ClinicsETHYL ETHER• o
Environment Canada Domestic Substance ListETHANE, 1,1'-OXYBIS-•This chemical was deemed a moderate human health priority and was flagged by CEPA for further attention.
IFRA Fragrance Ingredient ListETHANE, 1,1'-OXYBIS-•The chemical has been reported as used in fragrance compounds by IFRA affiliated member companies in 2008.
National Library of Medicine HazMapETHYL ETHER•Hepatotoxin: Hepatotoxin, Secondary;
•Neurotoxin: CNS Solvent Syndrome;
•PEL (OSHA) - Permissible exposure limit (OSHA): 400 ppm;
•STEL (ACGIH) - Short-term exposure limits (ACGIH): 500 ppm;
•TLV (ACGIH) - Threshold limit value (ACGIH): 400 ppm;
•Flammability (NFPA) - NFPA flammability code: 0 = will not burn; 1 = must be preheated; 2 = high ambient temp required; 3 = may ignite at ambient temp; 4 = burn readily: 4: burns readily;
•IDLH (NIOSH) - Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health: 1900 ppm;
•Odor Threshold High - The lowest concentration at which a substance can be detected or recognized using the sense of smell: 9 ppm;
•Odor Threshold Low - The lowest concentration at which a substance can be detected or recognized using the sense of smell: 0.1 ppm;
•MAK - Maximum Allowable Concentration (Federal Republic of Germany): 400 ppm;
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2006ETHYL ETHER• occupationally related - ACGIH TLV (human TWA)
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007ETHYL ETHER• occupationally related - ACGIH TLV (human TWA)
RTECS®- Anesthesiology 1975ETHYL ETHER• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: other mutation test systems (hamster fbr)
RTECS®- Anesthesiology 1975ETHYL ETHER• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: other mutation test systems (hamster fbr)
RTECS®- Chemico-Biological Interactions 1976ETHYL ETHER• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA repair (Escherichia coli )
RTECS®- Chemico-Biological Interactions 1976ETHYL ETHER• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA repair (Escherichia coli )
RTECS®- Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 1976ETHYL ETHER• sense organ - Primary eye irritant (rabbit )
RTECS®- Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 1976ETHYL ETHER• sense organ - Primary eye irritant (rabbit )
RTECS®- Hifu 1980ETHYL ETHER• skin - Primary skin irritant (guinea pig )
RTECS®- Hifu 1980ETHYL ETHER• skin - Primary skin irritant (guinea pig )
RTECS®- JAT, Journal of Applied Toxicology 1985ETHYL ETHER• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Inhibition (mouse emb)
RTECS®- JAT, Journal of Applied Toxicology 1985ETHYL ETHER• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Inhibition (mouse emb)
RTECS®- Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology 1943ETHYL ETHER• sense organ - Primary eye irritant ( human )
RTECS®- MSHA STANDARD-air: 3,106,1971ETHYL ETHER• occupationally related - MSHA STANDARD-air (human TWA)
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Construc): 29,1926 1994ETHYL ETHER• occupationally related - OSHA PEL (Construc) (human TWA)
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Fed Cont): 41,50-204 1994ETHYL ETHER• occupationally related - OSHA PEL (Fed Cont) (human TWA)
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Gen Indu): 29,1910 1994ETHYL ETHER• occupationally related - OSHA PEL (Gen Indu) (human TWA)
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Shipyard): 29,1915 1993ETHYL ETHER• occupationally related - OSHA PEL (Shipyard) (human TWA)
RTECS®- Union Carbide Data Sheet 1973ETHYL ETHER• skin - Primary skin irritant (rabbit )



references

government/industry list/academic study reference
European Union - Classification & LabellingCPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
Association of Occupational and Environmental ClinicsAOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
Environment Canada Domestic Substance ListEC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
IFRA Fragrance Ingredient ListIFRA (International Fragrance Assocication). 2010. IFRA Fragrance Ingredient List based on 2008 Use Survey. Accessed online 01/04/2010: http://www.ifraorg.org/Home/News/Latest-News/page.aspx/66?xf_itemId=43&xf_selectionDatapartId=25
National Library of Medicine HazMapNLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2006RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2006
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007
RTECS®- Anesthesiology 1975RTECS®- Anesthesiology. (Lippincott/Harper, Journal Fulfillment Dept., 2350 Virginia Ave., Hagerstown, MD 21740) V.1- 1940- 43,21,1975
RTECS®- Anesthesiology 1975RTECS®- Anesthesiology. (Lippincott/Harper, Journal Fulfillment Dept., 2350 Virginia Ave., Hagerstown, MD 21740) V.1- 43,21,1975
RTECS®- Chemico-Biological Interactions 1976RTECS®- Chemico-Biological Interactions. (Elsevier Scientific Pub. Ireland Ltd., POB 85, Limerick, Ireland) V.1- 1969- 15,219,1976
RTECS®- Chemico-Biological Interactions 1976RTECS®- Chemico-Biological Interactions. (Elsevier Scientific Pub. Ireland Ltd., POB 85, Limerick, Ireland) V.1- 15,219,1976
RTECS®- Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 1976RTECS®- Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. (Bethesda, MD) V.1-46, 1942-87. 35,729,1976
RTECS®- Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 1976RTECS®- Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. (Bethesda, MD) V.1-46, 1942-87. 35,729,1976
RTECS®- Hifu 1980RTECS®- Hifu. Skin. (Nippon Hifuka Gakkai Osaka Chihokai, c/o Osaka Daigaku Igakubu, 1-1-50 Fukushima, Fukushima-ku, Osaka 553, Japan) V.1- 1959- 22,373,1980
RTECS®- Hifu 1980RTECS®- Hifu. Skin. (Nippon Hifuka Gakkai Osaka Chihokai, c/o Osaka Daigaku Igakubu, 1-1-50 Fukushima, Fukushima-ku, Osaka 553, Japan) V.1- 22,373,1980
RTECS®- JAT, Journal of Applied Toxicology 1985RTECS®- JAT, Journal of Applied Toxicology. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Baffins Lane, Chichester, W. Sussex PO19 1UD, UK) V.1- 1981- 5,1,1985
RTECS®- JAT, Journal of Applied Toxicology 1985RTECS®- JAT, Journal of Applied Toxicology. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Baffins Lane, Chichester, W. Sussex PO19 1UD, UK) V.1- 5,1,1985
RTECS®- Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology 1943RTECS®- Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. (Cambridge, MA) V.18-31, 1936-49. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. 25,282,1943
RTECS®- MSHA STANDARD-air: 3,106,1971RTECS®- MSHA STANDARD-air: 3,106,1971
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Construc): 29,1926 1994RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Construc): 29,1926.55,1994
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Fed Cont): 41,50-204 1994RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Fed Cont): 41,50-204.50,1994
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Gen Indu): 29,1910 1994RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Gen Indu): 29,1910.1000,1994
RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Shipyard): 29,1915 1993RTECS®- OSHA PEL (Shipyard): 29,1915.1000,1993
RTECS®- Union Carbide Data Sheet 1973RTECS®- Union Carbide Data Sheet. (Union Carbide Corp., 39 Old Ridgebury Rd., Danbury, CT 06817) 4/5/1973

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