The Power of Information

National Drinking Water Database


National Drinking Water Database - Chemical Contaminants

Aldrin


Status: Unregulated - EPA has not established a maximum legal limit in tapwater for this contaminant.

Aldrin is a banned insecticide and termiticide previously used for field, forage, vegetable and fruit crops, primarily on corn and cotton; it was also used as a wood preservative.

 
Detected
Found above
health guidelines
Found above
legal limit
States
8
8
-
Water utilities
9
9
-
People Served
268,773
268,773
-

Health Concerns for Aldrin:


Aldrin Exposure by State

Water utilities in 8 states have reported detecting Aldrin in treated tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies.

StateWater Suppliers with Aldrin contaminationWater suppliers reporting Aldrin above health-based limits
SystemsPopulationSystemsPopulation
Delaware1201,0001201,000
Nebraska249,889249,889
Massachusetts19,50019,500
Missouri13,50013,500
California13,30013,300
New York18001800
North Carolina16001600
Maryland11841184
Total9268,7739268,773

The Most Polluted Communities

9 water utilities reported detecting Aldrin in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Aldrin level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Borrego Wd
Vista, CA
3,3001 of 194 ppb
(94 ppb)
2Luke / Newpage Luke Mill
Luke, MD
1843 of 110.05 ppb
(0 to 0.2 ppb)
3Camelot S/D
Garner, NC
6001 of 160.01 ppb
(0 to 0.23 ppb)
4Mcwa, Genesee West
Rochester, NY
8001 of 40.01 ppb
(0 to 0.04 ppb)
5City of North Platte
North Platte, NE
25,0001 of 30< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.17 ppb)
6Hopkinton Water Department
Hopkinton, MA
9,5001 of 4< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.02 ppb)
7City of Kearney
Kearney, NE
24,8891 of 35< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.1 ppb)
8Artesian Water Company
Newark, DE
201,0001 of 83< 0.01 ppb
(0 to 0.02 ppb)
9Jefferson Co Pwsd # 8
Cedar Hill, MO
3,5001 of 2< 0.01 ppb
(< .01 to 5.0E-5 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Aldrin

StandardDescriptionLevel
EPA Human Health Water Quality CriteriaWater quality criteria set by the US EPA provide guidance for states and tribes authorized to establish water quality standards under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to protect human health. These are non-enforceable standards based upon exposure by both drinking water and the contribution of water contamination to other consumed foods. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.<0.01 ppb
One in one million (10-6) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 1,000,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.<0.01 ppb
Health-Based Screening LevelA benchmark concentration of contaminants in water that may be of potential concern for human health, if exceeded. For noncarcinogens, the HBSL represents the contaminant concentration in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse effects over a lifetime of exposure. For carcinogens, the HBSL range represents the contaminant concentration in drinking water that corresponds to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 chance in 1 million to 1 chance in 10 thousand. Source: U.S. Geological Survey.<0.01 ppb-0.2 ppb
One in ten thousand (10-4) Cancer RiskThe concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 10,000. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.2 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.3 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.0.3 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.1 ppb

Testing Summary for Aldrin

Are tests routinely required for Aldrin by federal law?No
Water suppliers reporting tests for Aldrin (2004-2009):13,904 of 47,576
Average testing rate for water supplier reporting tests (2004-2009):0.4 per year

Cancer

Type of concern: Reference:
Possible human carcinogen EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)
Possible human carcinogen California EPA Proposition 65
Cancer - strong evidence Proposition 65 List of Carcinogens
Limited evidence of carcinogenicity European Union - Classification & Labelling
Limited evidence of carcinogenicity Amer Conf of Gov't Industrial Hygienists - Carcinogens
Limited evidence of carcinogenicity NIOSH Occupational Carcinogens
Cancer - moderate evidence - immune system CHE Toxicant and Disease Database
Cancer - limited evidence CHE Toxicant and Disease Database
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 1977
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Archives of Toxicology 1980
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 1975
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Pharmacology and Therapeutics 1979
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Personal Communication from J 1982
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London) 1987
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 1995
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- IRCS Medical Science 1986
One or more in vitro tests non-mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Rivista di Scienza e Technologia degli Alimenti e di Nutrizione Umana 1976
One or more in vitro tests on microorganisms show positive mutation results RTECS®- Nucleus (Calcutta) 1985
Cancer - not classifiable/not likely to be human carcinogen Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Neurotoxicity

Type of concern: Reference:
Strong evidence of human neurotoxicity Chemicals known to be neurotoxic to humans

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Type of concern: Reference:
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humans National Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humans United Nations Environment Programme/POPs Treaty
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humans EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTs
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife National Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife Great Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy) PBTs
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife OSPAR PBTs - Substances of Possible Concern

Endocrine disruption

Type of concern: Reference:
Human disruptor - moderate evidence European Commission on Endocrine Disruption
Limited evidence of wildlife and the environment disruption European Commission on Endocrine Disruption
Limited evidence of endocrine disruption Illinois EPA, 1997
endocrine - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox study Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine System
endocrine - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox study Our Stolen Future Endocrine Disruptors

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

Type of concern: Reference:
Human nervous system toxicant - moderate evidence Chemicals known to be neurotoxic to humans
Limited evidence of developmental toxicity Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2004
Limited evidence of reproductive toxicity US EPA, 9204

Occupational hazards

Type of concern: Reference:
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to very low doses RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low doses European Union - Classification & Labelling

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Type of concern: Reference:
Classified as toxic or harmful European Union - Classification & Labelling
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicity National Library of Medicine HazMap
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicity Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2004
Limited evidence of kidney toxicity Merck & Co
One or more animal studies show classified as toxic effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) National Library of Medicine HazMap

Ecotoxicology

Type of concern: Reference:
Wildlife and environmental toxicity European Union - Classification & Labelling
Wildlife and environmental toxicity EPA Clean Water Act - Priority Pollutants
Wildlife and environmental toxicity Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine System



Government, industry, academic studies and classifications

government/industry list/academic study appears on list as classification(s)
European Union - Classification & LabellingALDRIN•Toxic
•Toxic in contact with skin and ingestion
•Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect
•Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect
•Dangerous for the environment
•Very toxic to aquatic organisms
Amer Conf of Gov't Industrial Hygienists - CarcinogensALDRIN (HHDN)•Confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans (ACGIH classification A3)
Association of Occupational and Environmental ClinicsALDRIN• P
EPA Clean Water Act - Priority PollutantsALDRIN•Priority water pollutant under the Clean Water Act
Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine SystemALDRIN•EPA: probable endocrine disruptor
EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)ALDRIN•Group B2: Probable human carcinogen - sufficient data in animals (EPA classification)
European Commission on Endocrine DisruptionALDRINHH-CAT2;WF-CAT2
European Union - Banned or Restricted in CosmeticsALDRIN•Prohibited in EU cosmetics: must not form part of the composition of cosmetic products
National Library of Medicine HazMapALDRIN•Skin Designation (ACGIH) - Danger of cutaneous absorption (ACGIH): Yes;
•Restricted - Regulations that have banned or restricted the use of the agent: In 1974, EPA banned all uses except termite control. In 1987, EPA banned al uses. [ATSDR ToxFAQs];
•Hepatotoxin: Hepatotoxin, Secondary;
•PEL (OSHA) - Permissible exposure limit (OSHA): 0.25 mg/m3;
•Bioaccumulates: Yes;
•Other Poison: Organochlorine Pesticide;
•TLV (ACGIH) - Threshold limit value (ACGIH): 0.25 mg/m3;
•IDLH (NIOSH) - Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health: 25 mg/m3;
•MAK - Maximum Allowable Concentration (Federal Republic of Germany): 0.25 mg/m3;
Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - CarcinogensALDRIN•IARC Group 3 (no cancer link)
NIOSH Occupational CarcinogensALDRIN•Potential occupational carcinogen according to NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health)
Our Stolen Future Endocrine DisruptorsALDRIN
Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants1,2,3,4,10,10-HEXACHLORO-1,4,4A,5,8,8A-HEXAHYDRO-(1A,4A,4AB,5A,8A,8AB)-1,4:5,8-DIMETHANONAPHTHALENEBanned under the Aahrus Protocol for Persistent Organic Pollutants
Great Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy) PBTs1,2,3,4,10,10-HEXACHLORO-1,4,4A,5,8,8A-HEXAHYDRO-(1A,4A,4AB,5A,8A,8AB)-1,4:5,8-DIMETHANONAPHTHALENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - Great Lakes Binational Strategy, Tier 1 concern (highest), targeted for phase-out
OSPAR PBTs - Substances of Possible Concern1,2,3,4,10,10-HEXACHLORO-1,4,4A,5,8,8A-HEXAHYDRO-(1A,4A,4AB,5A,8A,8AB)-1,4:5,8-DIMETHANONAPHTHALENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - Oslo-Paris (OSPAR) Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic, chemical of concern
United Nations Environment Programme/POPs Treaty1,2,3,4,10,10-HEXACHLORO-1,4,4A,5,8,8A-HEXAHYDRO-(1A,4A,4AB,5A,8A,8AB)-1,4:5,8-DIMETHANONAPHTHALENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - targeted for restrictions under international treaty (Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, or POPs Convention)
EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTs1,2,3,4,10,10-HEXACHLORO-1,4,4A,5,8,8A-HEXAHYDRO-(1A,4A,4AB,5A,8A,8AB)-1,4:5,8-DIMETHANONAPHTHALENE•Persistent, bioaccumulative toxicant - targeted for waste reporting under U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxics Release Inventory programs
California EPA Proposition 65ALDRIN•Carcinogen: California Proposition 65
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2004ALDRIN•Developmental toxicity hazards: suspected
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2004ALDRIN•Gastrointestinal or liver toxicity hazards: suspected
US EPA, 9204ALDRIN•Reproductive toxicity hazards: suspected
Illinois EPA, 1997ALDRIN•Endocrine toxicity hazards: suspected
Merck & CoALDRIN•Kidney toxicity hazards: suspected
Proposition 65 List of CarcinogensALDRIN•Cancer hazards: recognized
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007ALDRIN• occupationally related - ACGIH TLV (human TWA)
RTECS®- Archives of Toxicology 1980ALDRIN• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Inhibition ( human lym)
RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London) 1987ALDRIN• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Unscheduled DNA Synthesis (mouse orl)
RTECS®- IRCS Medical Science 1986ALDRIN• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis (mouse orl)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1975ALDRIN• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis ( human lym)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1995ALDRIN• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: other mutation test systems (mouse orl)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1977ALDRIN• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Unscheduled DNA Synthesis ( human fbr)
RTECS®- Nucleus (Calcutta) 1985ALDRIN• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Micronucleus test (other fish ipr)
RTECS®- Personal Communication from J 1982ALDRIN• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA Damage (rat lvr)
RTECS®- Pharmacology and Therapeutics 1979ALDRIN• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis (rat ipr)
RTECS®- Rivista di Scienza e Technologia degli Alimenti e di Nutrizione Umana 1976ALDRIN• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Mutation in Micro-organism (Saccharomyces cerevisiae )



references

government/industry list/academic study reference
European Union - Classification & LabellingCPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
Amer Conf of Gov't Industrial Hygienists - CarcinogensACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists) 2008. ACGIH cancer classification system. www.acgih.org.
Association of Occupational and Environmental ClinicsAOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
EPA Clean Water Act - Priority Pollutants
Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine SystemIllinois EPA (Illinois Environmental Protection Agency). 2000. Preliminary list of chemicals associated with endocrine system effects in animals and humans (*) or in vitro (+). In EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) 2000. Handbook for Non-Cancer Health Effects Valuation, Appendix C.
EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Evidence for human carcinogenicity based on 1986-2005 guidelines.
European Commission on Endocrine DisruptionEU (European Union)- Strategy for Endocrine Disrupters 2007. Commision on endocrin disruption requested by the European Parliament in 1998.
European Union - Banned or Restricted in CosmeticsEC (European Commission of the European Union). 1999-2006. Enterprise Directorate-General Pharmaceuticals and Cosmetics. The rules governing cosmetic products in the European Union, Volume 1, "Cosmetics legislation."
National Library of Medicine HazMapNLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - CarcinogensIARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
NIOSH Occupational CarcinogensNIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health). 2006. NIOSH Carcinogens List (Potential occupational carcinogens). http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npotocca.html.
Our Stolen Future Endocrine DisruptorsColborn T, D Dumanoski, JP Myers. 2006. Widespread Pollutants with Endocrine-disrupting Effects. Updated from original listing in "Our Stolen Future" (1996).
Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic PollutantsAarhus LRTAP. 1998. Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). Geneva Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, United Nations Environment Program.
Great Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy) PBTsGreat Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy). 1997. Canada-United States Strategy for the Virtual Elimination of Persistent Toxic Substances in the Great Lakes. Appendix I - Level 1 and Level 2 substances.
OSPAR PBTs - Substances of Possible ConcernOSPAR (Oslo-Paris). 2002. OSPAR List of Substances of Possible Concern. Secondary OSPAR List of Substances of Possible Concern. Secondary OSPAR. Place Published, OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environement of North-East Atlanic.
United Nations Environment Programme/POPs TreatyUNEP (United Nations Environment Programme). 2001. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) — POPs Treaty.
EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTsEPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999. Toxics Release Inventory Program. PBT Chemical Rule.
California EPA Proposition 65California EPA (California Environmental Protection Agency). 9/2008. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986. Chemicals known to the State to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity.
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationAgency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Minimal risk Levels for Hazardous Substances. January 2004. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/mrls.html, US EPA. Roadmaps to Sources of Information on Chemicals Listed in the Emergency Planning Community and Community Right-to-Know Act (Also Known as SARA Title 3), Section 313 Toxic Release Inventory (for Microcomputers). (Report Number EPADFDK92040). 1991. Data file distributed in 2 diskettes by Office of Pollution, Prevention, and Toxics, Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. NOTE: Datasource no longer being maintained by EPA; not currently available online., Jankovic, J. A Screening Method for Occupational Reproductive Health Risk. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. 57: 641-649. 1996.
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationAgency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Minimal risk Levels for Hazardous Substances. January 2004. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/mrls.html, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances. See Environmental Defense's Suspect Hazard Identification documentation.
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationUS EPA. Roadmaps to Sources of Information on Chemicals Listed in the Emergency Planning Community and Community Right-to-Know Act (Also Known as SARA Title 3), Section 313 Toxic Release Inventory (for Microcomputers). (Report Number EPADFDK92040). 1991. Data file distributed in 2 diskettes by Office of Pollution, Prevention, and Toxics, Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. NOTE: Datasource no longer being maintained by EPA; not currently available online.
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationIllinois EPA. Endocrine Disruptors Strategy. 1997. (Table 1: Preliminary List of Chemicals Associated with Endocrine System Effects in Animals and Humans or In Vitro). http://www.nihs.go.jp/hse/environ/illiepatable.htm, Japanese National Institute of Health Sciences. Lists of Paradigmatic Chemicals. http://www.nihs.go.jp/hse/endocrine-e/paradigm/paradigm.html
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationMerck & Co. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. TABLE 226-1. Common Nephrotoxic Agents http://www.merck.com/pubs/mmanual/tables/226tb1.htm
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationProposition 65 List of Carcinogens (July 2004) can be obtained from http://www.oehha.ca.gov/prop65/prop65_list/Newlist.html.
RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007RTECS®- TLV/BEI,2007
RTECS®- Archives of Toxicology 1980RTECS®- Archives of Toxicology. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberger Pl. 3, D-1000 Berlin 33, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.32- 45,101,1980
RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London) 1987RTECS®- Carcinogenesis (London). (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House, Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK) V.1- 8,1433,1987
RTECS®- IRCS Medical Science 1986RTECS®- IRCS Medical Science. (Lancaster, UK) V.12-14, 1984-86. For publisher information, see MSCREJ. 14,1125,1986
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1975RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 31,103,1975
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1995RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 343,157,1995
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1977RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 42,161,1977
RTECS®- Nucleus (Calcutta) 1985RTECS®- Nucleus (Calcutta). (Dr. A.K. Sharma, Centre of Advanced Studies in Cell and Chromosome Research, Calcutta, 35 Baliygunge Circular Rd., Calcutta 700 019, India) V.1- 28,176,1985
RTECS®- Personal Communication from J 1982RTECS®- Personal Communication from J.F. Sina, Merck Institute for Therapeutic Research, West Point, PA 19486, Oct. 26, 1982 26OCT1982
RTECS®- Pharmacology and Therapeutics 1979RTECS®- Pharmacology and Therapeutics. (Pergamon Press Ltd., Headington Hill Hall, Oxford OX3 0BW, UK) V.4- 6,147,1979
RTECS®- Rivista di Scienza e Technologia degli Alimenti e di Nutrizione Umana 1976RTECS®- Rivista di Scienza e Technologia degli Alimenti e di Nutrizione Umana. Review of Science and Technology of Food and Human Nutrition. (Bologna, Italy) V.5-6, 1975-76. Discontinued. 6,161,1976

"RTECS®" is a United States trademark owned and licensed under authority of the U.S. Government, by and through MDL Information Systems, Inc.