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National Drinking Water Database


National Drinking Water Database - Chemical Contaminants

Aldicarb


Status: Unregulated - EPA has not established a maximum legal limit in tapwater for this contaminant.

Aldicarb is a groundwater contaminant and a neurotoxic insecticide used on agricultural crops.

 
Detected
Found above
health guidelines
Found above
legal limit
States
4
1
-
Water utilities
19
1
-
People Served
293,361
800
-

Health Concerns for Aldicarb:


Aldicarb Exposure by State

Water utilities in 4 states have reported detecting Aldicarb in treated tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies.

StateWater Suppliers with Aldicarb contaminationWater suppliers reporting Aldicarb above health-based limits
SystemsPopulationSystemsPopulation
New York18001800
Delaware12243,02500
Kentucky134,65000
Missouri514,88600
Total19293,3611800

The Most Polluted Communities

19 water utilities reported detecting Aldicarb in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average Aldicarb level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Mcwa, Genesee West
Rochester, NY
8001 of 2225.23 ppb
(0 to 450.45 ppb)
2Ste Genevieve
Ste Genevieve, MO
4,5001 of 22.34 ppb
(0 to 4.68 ppb)
3St Mary
St Marys, MO
3661 of 22.06 ppb
(0 to 4.11 ppb)
4Maryville
Maryville, MO
9,8721 of 40.54 ppb
(0 to 2.15 ppb)
5Bardstown Municipal Water Dept
Bardstown, KY
34,6501 of 20.25 ppb
(0 to 0.5 ppb)
6Windsong Farms
Newark, DE
4501 of 20.13 ppb
(0 to 0.25 ppb)
7Cedar Landing
Newark, DE
3201 of 20.13 ppb
(0 to 0.25 ppb)
8Delaware Correctional Center
Smyrna, DE
2,0001 of 20.13 ppb
(0 to 0.25 ppb)
9Augustine Creek
Port Penn, DE
4251 of 20.13 ppb
(0 to 0.25 ppb)
10Thomas Cove
Newark, DE
3,4001 of 30.08 ppb
(0 to 0.25 ppb)

Health Based Limits for Aldicarb

StandardDescriptionLevel
Lifetime health-based limit, non-cancer riskConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for a lifetime of exposure. The Lifetime health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is based on exposure for a a 70-kg adult consuming 2 liters of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.7 ppb
Health-Based Screening LevelA benchmark concentration of contaminants in water that may be of potential concern for human health, if exceeded. For noncarcinogens, the HBSL represents the contaminant concentration in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse effects over a lifetime of exposure. For carcinogens, the HBSL range represents the contaminant concentration in drinking water that corresponds to an excess estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 chance in 1 million to 1 chance in 10 thousand. Source: U.S. Geological Survey.9 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 1-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.10 ppb
Children's health-based limit for 10-day exposureConcentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to cause any adverse, noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day health-based limit (or Health Advisory, HA) is typically set to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.10 ppb
Drinking Water Equivalent LevelA lifetime exposure concentration protective of adverse, noncarcinogenic health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from drinking water. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.35 ppb

Testing Summary for Aldicarb

Are tests routinely required for Aldicarb by federal law?No
Water suppliers reporting tests for Aldicarb (2004-2009):12,513 of 47,576
Average testing rate for water supplier reporting tests (2004-2009):0.4 per year

Neurotoxicity

Type of concern: Reference:
Strong evidence of human neurotoxicity CHE Toxicant and Disease Database
Strong evidence of human neurotoxicity Chemicals known to be neurotoxic to humans

Endocrine disruption

Type of concern: Reference:
Human disruptor - moderate evidence European Commission on Endocrine Disruption
Limited evidence of endocrine disruption Guillette, L, 1996
endocrine - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox study Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine System

Allergies/immunotoxicity

Type of concern: Reference:
Human immune toxicant or allergen - moderate evidence CHE Toxicant and Disease Database

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

Type of concern: Reference:
Human nervous system toxicant - moderate evidence Chemicals known to be neurotoxic to humans
Limited evidence of reproductive toxicity Frazier , L, 1998

Occupational hazards

Type of concern: Reference:
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to very low doses European Union - Classification & Labelling
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low doses European Union - Classification & Labelling

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Type of concern: Reference:
Classified as very toxic or harmful European Union - Classification & Labelling
Classified as toxic or harmful European Union - Classification & Labelling
One or more animal studies show classified as toxic effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient) EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTs

Cancer

Type of concern: Reference:
Cancer - not classifiable/not likely to be human carcinogen EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 1987
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 1984
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 1988
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- JAT, Journal of Applied Toxicology 1981
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 1988
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Mutation Research 2006
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Food and Chemical Toxicology 2007
One or more in vitro tests non-mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes 1986
Cancer - not classifiable/not likely to be human carcinogen Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Ecotoxicology

Type of concern: Reference:
Wildlife and environmental toxicity European Union - Classification & Labelling
Wildlife and environmental toxicity Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine System

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Type of concern: Reference:
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food FDA Food Additive Status



Government, industry, academic studies and classifications

government/industry list/academic study appears on list as classification(s)
European Union - Classification & LabellingALDICARB•Very toxic
•Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed
•Toxic
•Toxic in contact with skin
•Dangerous for the environment
•Very toxic to aquatic organisms
FDA Food Additive StatusALDICARB• PEST
• Food additive: food additive for which a petition has been filed and a regulation issued - Tolerances for Residues 40 Code of Federal Regulations 180.269
Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine SystemALDICARB•EPA: suspected endocrine disruptor
EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)ALDICARB•Group D: Not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity (EPA classification)
European Commission on Endocrine DisruptionALDICARBHH-CAT2;WF-CAT3b
Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - CarcinogensALDICARB•IARC Group 3 (no cancer link)
EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTsO-[(METHYLAMINO)CARBONYL]OXIMEPROPANAL, 2-METHYL-2-(METHYLTHIO)-•Toxic, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxics Release Inventory programs
Frazier , L, 1998ALDICARB•Reproductive toxicity hazards: suspected
Guillette, L, 1996ALDICARB•Endocrine toxicity hazards: suspected
RTECS®- Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 1988ALDICARB• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Mutation in Micro-organism (mouse lym)
RTECS®- Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 1988ALDICARB• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Mutation in Mammalian Somatic Cells (mouse lym)
RTECS®- Food and Chemical Toxicology 2007ALDICARB• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis (hamster ovr)
RTECS®- JAT, Journal of Applied Toxicology 1981ALDICARB• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Morphological Transform (rat emb)
RTECS®- Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes 1986ALDICARB• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: DNA repair (Salmonella typhimurium )
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1984ALDICARB• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Sister Chromatid Exchange ( human lym)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1987ALDICARB• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis ( human lym)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1988ALDICARB• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Mutation in Mammalian Somatic Cells ( human lym)
RTECS®- Mutation Research 2006ALDICARB• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: (mouse orl)



references

government/industry list/academic study reference
European Union - Classification & LabellingCPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
FDA Food Additive StatusFDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine SystemIllinois EPA (Illinois Environmental Protection Agency). 2000. Preliminary list of chemicals associated with endocrine system effects in animals and humans (*) or in vitro (+). In EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) 2000. Handbook for Non-Cancer Health Effects Valuation, Appendix C.
EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Evidence for human carcinogenicity based on 1986-2005 guidelines.
European Commission on Endocrine DisruptionEU (European Union)- Strategy for Endocrine Disrupters 2007. Commision on endocrin disruption requested by the European Parliament in 1998.
Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - CarcinogensIARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTsEPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999. Toxics Release Inventory Program. PBT Chemical Rule.
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationFrazier , L. and M. L. Hage (eds.). Reproductive Hazards of the Workplace, Wiley Europe, 1998. Table 10 (Partial List of Reproductive Toxicants) available at http://www.pharmacy.ohio-state.edu/homepage/safety/chemhygiene_table_repro.pdf.
Scorecard.org Toxicity InformationGuillette, L. J., and E. Guillette. Environmental Contaminants and Reproductive Abnormalities in Wildlife: Implications for Public Health? Toxicology and Industrial Health. 12(3): 537-550. 1996., Japanese National Institute of Health Sciences. Lists of Paradigmatic Chemicals. http://www.nihs.go.jp/hse/endocrine-e/paradigm/paradigm.html, Keith, L.H. (ed.). Environmental Endocrine Disruptors. John Wiley & Sons, NY. 1997. http://www.wileyeurope.com/cda/product/0,,0471191450%7Cdesc%7C3037,00.html
RTECS®- Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 1988RTECS®- Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis. (Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003) V.10- 12(Suppl 13),103,1988
RTECS®- Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 1988RTECS®- Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis. (Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003) V.10- 12(Suppl 13),37,1988
RTECS®- Food and Chemical Toxicology 2007RTECS®- Food and Chemical Toxicology. (Pergamon Press Inc., Maxwell House, Fairview Park, Elmsford, NY 10523) V.20- 45,928,2007
RTECS®- JAT, Journal of Applied Toxicology 1981RTECS®- JAT, Journal of Applied Toxicology. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Baffins Lane, Chichester, W. Sussex PO19 1UD, UK) V.1- 1,190,1981
RTECS®- Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes 1986RTECS®- Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes. (Marcel Dekker, 270 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016) V.B11- 21,319,1986
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1984RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 138,175,1984
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1987RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 191,99,1987
RTECS®- Mutation Research 1988RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 196,61,1988
RTECS®- Mutation Research 2006RTECS®- Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 608,29,2006

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