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National Drinking Water Database


National Drinking Water Database - Chemical Contaminants

3-Hydroxycarbofuran


Status: Unregulated - EPA has not established a maximum legal limit in tapwater for this contaminant.

3-Hydroxycarbofuran is a metabolite of the insecticide carbofuran, a fumigant used on rice and alfalfa.

 
Detected
Found above
health guidelines
Found above
legal limit
States
5
-
-
Water utilities
30
-
-
People Served
713,020
-
-

Health Concerns for 3-Hydroxycarbofuran:


3-Hydroxycarbofuran Exposure by State

Water utilities in 5 states have reported detecting 3-Hydroxycarbofuran in treated tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies.

StateWater Suppliers with 3-Hydroxycarbofuran contamination
SystemsPopulation
Maryland14460,145
Delaware12243,025
Utah17,659
Missouri21,391
New York1800
Total30713,020

The Most Polluted Communities

30 water utilities reported detecting 3-Hydroxycarbofuran in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies

Ranked by highest average 3-Hydroxycarbofuran level

RankSystem Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level
(Range)
1Town of LA Plata
La Plata, MD
9,5002 of 25 ppb
(5 ppb)
2Gibson Island
Millersville, MD
8001 of 15 ppb
(5 ppb)
3Price River Water Imp Dis
Price, UT
7,6591 of 13 ppb
(3 ppb)
4Waldorf
La Plata, MD
66,8974 of 72.86 ppb
(0 to 5 ppb)
5Town of Snow Hill
Snow Hill, MD
2,4091 of 22.5 ppb
(0 to 5 ppb)
6Cedar Ridge Children's Home
Williamsport, MD
451 of 22.5 ppb
(0 to 5 ppb)
7Naval Support Facility, Indian Head
Indian Head, MD
3,4601 of 22.5 ppb
(0 to 5 ppb)
8Glen Meadows Retirement Community
Glen Arm, MD
4001 of 22.5 ppb
(0 to 5 ppb)
9Ocean City
Ocean City, MD
30,0001 of 31.67 ppb
(0 to 5 ppb)
10Glen Burnie-Broadneck
Millersville, MD
249,6001 of 41.25 ppb
(0 to 5 ppb)

Testing Summary for 3-Hydroxycarbofuran

Are tests routinely required for 3-Hydroxycarbofuran by federal law?No
Water suppliers reporting tests for 3-Hydroxycarbofuran (2004-2009):12,031 of 47,576
Average testing rate for water supplier reporting tests (2004-2009):0.4 per year

Cancer

Type of concern: Reference:
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results RTECS®- Tsitologiya i Genetika 1984



Government, industry, academic studies and classifications

government/industry list/academic study appears on list as classification(s)
RTECS®- Tsitologiya i Genetika 1984CARBAMIC ACID, METHYL-, 2,3-DIHYDRO-2,2-DIMETHYL-3-HYDROXY-7-BENZOFURANYL ESTER• mutagenic - Positive mutation assay: Cytogenetic Analysis ( human lym)



references

government/industry list/academic study reference
RTECS®- Tsitologiya i Genetika 1984RTECS®- Tsitologiya i Genetika. Cytology and Genetics. For English translation, see CYGEDX. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1- 18(1),17,1984

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