ewg.org | About SkinDeep®/Methodology | Legal Disclaimer | Build Your Own Report | FAQ
Data available:

Get your 2015
Holiday Gift Box!

Donate to get your
2015 Holiday Gift Box
and your gift will be matched
doubling your impact

Sign Up!


image source: PubChem
Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Overall Hazard
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
Allergies & immunotoxicity
Other LOW concerns: Data gaps, Ecotoxicology

Use restrictions

Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients


Concern Reference
Wildlife and environmental toxicityEPA Clean Water Act - Priority Pollutants


Concern Reference
Cancer - not classifiable/not likely to be human carcinogenEPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

Data gaps

Concern Reference
Insufficient data to determine safetyEPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)
11 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical see search results ->NLM PubMed

Data Sources

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Evidence for human carcinogenicity based on 1986-2005 guidelines.
Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

About the ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer