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Score:
Data available:
 
Fair

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FULLERENE (C60 HYDROXIDE)

Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Overall Hazard
 
 
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
Allergies & immunotoxicity
 
 
Use restrictions
 
 
Other MODERATE concerns: Biochemical or cellular level changes; Other LOW concerns: Enhanced skin absorption

Function(s): ANTIMICROBIAL; SKIN CONDITIONING

Synoym(s): FULLERENE

Cancer

Concern Reference
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsDhawan A, Taurozzi JS, Pandey AK, Shan W, Miller SM, Hashsham SA, Tarabara VV, 2006

Biochemical or cellular level changes

Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show changes at low doses where the human health implications are not yet well understoodOberdorster E, 2004

Enhanced skin absorption

Concern Reference
Nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skinNanomaterial Database

Data gaps

Concern Reference
3,925 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical see search results ->NLM PubMed

Data Sources

Dhawan A, Taurozzi JS, Pandey AK, Shan W, Miller SM, Hashsham SA, Tarabara VV, 2006. "Stable colloidal dispersions of C60 fullerenes in water: evidence for genotoxicity." Environ Sci Technol. 2006 Dec 1;40(23):7394-401.
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online: http://www.nanowerk.com/phpscripts/n_dbsearch.php
Oberdorster E, 2004. "Manufactured nanomaterials (fullerenes, C60) induce oxidative stress in the brain of juvenile largemouth bass." Environ Health Perspect. 2004 Jul;112(10):1058-62.

About the ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer