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Score:
Data available:
 
Fair

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ACRYLIC ACID


image source: PubChem
Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Overall Hazard
 
 
Cancer
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
Allergies & immunotoxicity
 
 
Use restrictions
 
 
Other HIGH concerns: Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Occupational hazards; Other LOW concerns: Ecotoxicology, Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

Possible impurity in: ACRYLATES COPOLYMER (2,439 products), STYRENE/ ACRYLATES COPOLYMER (1,260 products), SODIUM POLYACRYLATE (638 products), ACRYLATES/ STEARETH-20 METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER (234 products), ETHYLENE/ ACRYLIC ACID COPOLYMER (204 products), AMMONIUM ACRYLATES COPOLYMER (156 products), ETHYLENE/ METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER (132 products), STEARETH-10 ALLYL ETHER/ ACRYLATES COPOLYMER (108 products), AMMONIUM POLYACRYLATE (73 products), ACRYLATES/ AMMONIUM METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER (37 products), see all ingredients | products

Synoym(s): 2PROPENOIC ACID; 2-PROPENOIC ACID (9CI) ; ACROLEIC ACID; ACRYLIC ACID (ACGIH) ; ACRYLIC ACID, GLACIAL; ETHYLENECARBOXYLIC ACID; GLACIAL ACRYLIC ACID; KYSELINA AKRYLOVA (CZECH) ; PROPENE ACID; PROPENOIC ACID; RCRA WASTE NUMBER U008

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Concern Reference
Known human respiratory toxicantEPA Hazardous Air Pollutants
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as toxic or harmful (only for products for use on skin; products for use around the mouth; products for use on the lips; products that may be aerosolized (airborne))European Union - Classification & Labelling
Limited evidence of respiratory toxicityUS EPA, Air Risk Information Support Center
One or more animal studies show classified as toxic effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTs

Occupational hazards

Concern Reference
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low dosesEuropean Union - Classification & Labelling
Single case study detailing occupational hazardsNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Ecotoxicology

Concern Reference
Wildlife and environmental toxicityEuropean Union - Classification & Labelling

Miscellaneous

Concern Reference
Occupational hazards related to handlingEuropean Union - Classification & Labelling

Cancer

Concern Reference
Cancer - not classifiable/not likely to be human carcinogenInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Data gaps

Concern Reference
3,414 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical see search results ->NLM PubMed

Data Sources

AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999. Toxics Release Inventory Program. PBT Chemical Rule.
EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2005. Office of Air. The 112(b)1 Hazardous Air Pollutants List (as modified). Last modified: 12 Dec 2005.
IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
US EPA, Air Risk Information Support Center. Health Effects Notebook for Hazardous Air Pollutants. http://www.epa.gov/ttnatw01/hlthef/hapindex.html, California EPA, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Acute Reference Exposure Levels (RELs), Averaging Times, and Toxicologic Endpoints. Includes all Acute Reference Exposure Levels (ARELs) developed by OEHHA through May 2000http://www.oehha.org/air/acute_rels/allAcRELs.html, California EPA, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Air Toxics Hot Spots Program Risk Assessment Guidelines, Part III: Technical Support Document 'Determination of Noncancer Chronic Reference Exposure Levels'. Includes all Chronic Reference Exposure Levels (CRELs) adopted by OEHHA as of August 2003 (http://www.oehha.ca.gov/air/chronic_rels/AllChrels.html, plus draft CRELS proposed through March 2004 (http://www.oehha.ca.gov/air/chronic_rels/index.html.

About the ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer