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Score:
Data available:
 
Fair

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CAFFEIC ACID


image source: PubChem
Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Overall Hazard
 
 
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
Allergies & immunotoxicity
 
 
Use restrictions
 
 

Function(s): Antioxidant; Fragrance Ingredient; MASKING

Synonym(s): 2-PROPENOIC ACID, 3- (3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL) -; 2PROPENOIC ACID, 3 (3,4DIHYDROXYPHENYL) ; 3,4-DIHYDROXYBENZENEACRYLIC ACID; 3,4-DIHYDROXYCINNAMIC ACID; 3- (3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL) - 2-PROPENOIC ACID; 3- (3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL) -2-PROPENOIC ACID; 2-PROPENOIC ACID, 3- (3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL) - (9CI) ; 3,4-DIHYDROXYBENZENEACRYLIC ACID; 3,4-DIHYDROXYCINNAMIC ACID; 3- (3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL) -2-PROPENOIC ACID; 4- (2'-CARBOXYVINYL) -1,2-DIHYDROXYBENZENE

Cancer

Concern Reference
Possible human carcinogenCalifornia EPA Proposition 65
Limited evidence of carcinogenicityInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Concern Reference
Classified as a high human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

Concern Reference
2,993 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical see search results ->NLM PubMed

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Ecotoxicology

Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

California EPA (California Environmental Protection Agency). 9/2008. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986. Chemicals known to the State to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity.
EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

About the ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer