Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Allergies & immunotoxicity
About SALIX NIGRA (BLACK WILLOW) BARK EXTRACT: Salix Nigra (Willow) Bark Extract is an extract of the bark of the willow, Salix nigra.
Function(s): Not Reported; SKIN PROTECTING
Synoym(s): SALIX NIGRA (WILLOW) BARK EXTRACT, BLACK WILLOW BARK EXTRACT; BLACK WILLOW EXTRACT; SALIX NIGRA BARK EXTRACT; WILLOW EXTRACT
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Limited evidence of toxicity||FDA Dietary Supplement Concerns|
|Cancer - not classifiable/not likely to be human carcinogen|
|24 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical see search results ->||NLM PubMed|
|FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 1993. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Unsubstantiated Claims and Documented Health Hazards in the Dietary Supplement Marketplace. Illnesses and Injuries Associated With the Use of Selected Dietary Supplements.|
|NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov. |
Products Containing the Ingredient
About the ratings
EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government.
The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more
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