ewg.org | About SkinDeep®/Methodology | Terms & Conditions | Build Your Own Report | FAQ
 
Score:
Data available:
 
Fair

Get The Guide!

Want a free Cosmetics Guide? Donate $5 to EWG today!

Sign Up!

POLYVINYL ACETATE

Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Overall Hazard
 
 
Cancer
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
Allergies & immunotoxicity
 
 
Use restrictions
 
 
Other HIGH concerns: Contamination concerns; Other MODERATE concerns: Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

About POLYVINYL ACETATE: Polyvinyl Acetate is a homopolymer of Vinyl Acetate (q.v.).

Function(s): Binder; Emulsion Stabilizer; Film Former; Hair Fixative; ANTISTATIC; BINDING; EMULSION STABILISING; FILM FORMING

Synoym(s): ACETIC ACID ETHENYL ESTER, HOMOPOLYMER; ACETIC ACID, ETHENYL ESTER, HOMOPOLYMER; ACETYLATED POLYVINYL ALCOHOL; ETHENYL ACETATE, HOMOPOLYMER; ETHENYL ESTER HOMOPOLYMER ACETIC ACID; HOMOPOLYMER ACETIC ACID, ETHENYL ESTER; HOMOPOLYMER ETHENYL ACETATE; POLYVINYL ACETATE EMULSION; POLYVINYL ACETATE SOLUTION; 76 RES; ACETIC ACID ETHENYL ESTER HOMOPOLYMER (9CI)

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Ecotoxicology

Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Cancer

Concern Reference
Cancer - not classifiable/not likely to be human carcinogenInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Data gaps

Concern Reference
2,442 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical see search results ->NLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Contamination concerns

Impurity Score
ARSENIC
Data: Fair
HEAVY METALS
Data: Fair

Data Sources

CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

About the ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer