ewg.org | About SkinDeep®/Methodology | Terms & Conditions | Build Your Own Report | FAQ
 
Score:
Data available:
 
Limited

Get The Guide!

Want a free Cosmetics Guide? Donate $5 to EWG today!

Sign Up!

PIGMENT BLUE 15


image source: PubChem
Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Overall Hazard
 
 
Cancer
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
Allergies & immunotoxicity
 
 
Other LOW concerns: Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

About PIGMENT BLUE 15: Ao404 is classed chemically as a phthalocyanine color.

This ingredient may be derived from animals. From PETA's Caring Consumer: Pigments from animal, plant, and synthetic sources used to color foods, cosmetics, and other products. Cochineal is from insects. Widely used FD&C and D&C colors are coaltar (bituminous coal) derivati ... read more

Function(s): Colorant; COSMETIC COLORANT

Synonym(s): AO404, (SP-4-1) - COPPER, [29H, 31H-PHTHALOCYANINATO (2-) -K N29,K N30,K N31,K N32] -; 31H-PHTHALOCYANINATO (2-) -K N29,K N30,K N31,K N32] - (SP-4-1) - COPPER, [29H; C.I. PIGMENT BLUE 15; COPPER PHTHALOCYANINE; COPPER TETRABENZOPORPHYRAZINE; COPPER, [29H,31HPHTHALOCYANINATO (2) N29,N30,N31,N32] , (SP41) ; HELIOGEN BLUE B; JAPAN BLUE 404; [29H 31H-PHTHALOCYANINATO (2-) -K N29,K N30,K N31,K N32] - (SP-4-1) - COPPER; 29H,31H-PHTHALOCYANINATO (2-) -N29,N30,N31,N32 COPPER; (PHTHALOCYANINATO (2-) ) COPPER

Use restrictions

Concern Reference
Violation of government restrictions - Banned or found unsafe for use in cosmeticsCosIng
Violation of government restrictions - Banned or found unsafe for use in cosmeticsCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show classified as toxic effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTs
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

Concern Reference
524 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical see search results ->NLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999. Toxics Release Inventory Program. PBT Chemical Rule.
European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

About the ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer