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PETROLEUM DISTILLATES


image source: PubChem
Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Overall Hazard
 
 
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
Allergies & immunotoxicity
 
 
Use restrictions
 
 
Other HIGH concerns: Contamination concerns, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Persistence and bioaccumulation; Other LOW concerns: Data gaps, Ecotoxicology

About PETROLEUM DISTILLATES: Petroleum Distillates is a mixture of volatile hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum.

Function(s): Antifoaming Agent; Solvent

Synoym(s): LIGHT LIQUID PARAFFIN; PETROLEUM DISTILLATE; STODDARD SOLVENT; NAPHTHA, SOLVENT; ORGANIC SOLVENTS, STODDARD SOLVENT; PETROLEUM DISTILLATE FRACTIONS; SOLVENTS, NAPHTHAS; STODDARD SOLVENT (ACGIH:OSHA) ; WHITE SPIRITS

Cancer

Concern Reference
Possible human carcinogenEuropean Union - Classification & Labelling
Possible mutagenEuropean Union - Classification & Labelling

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Concern Reference
Classified as a high human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicityNational Library of Medicine HazMap
One or more animal studies show effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)EPA Categorized List of Inert Pesticide Ingredients
Classified as potentially toxic or harmful (only for products for use around the mouth; products for use on the lips)European Union - Classification & Labelling

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Concern Reference
Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humansEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Ecotoxicology

Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
179 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical see search results ->NLM PubMed

Contamination concerns

Impurity Score
BUTADIENE
Data: Fair

Neurotoxicity

Concern Reference
nervous system - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox studyNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Data Sources

AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1987 & 2005. Office of Pesticide Programs. Inert (other) Pesticide Ingredients in Pesticide Products - Categorized List of Inert (other) Pesticide Ingredients.
European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

About the ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer