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METHYL LACTATE


image source: PubChem
Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Overall Hazard
 
 
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
Allergies & immunotoxicity
 
 
Other HIGH concerns: Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs); Other LOW concerns: Occupational hazards

About METHYL LACTATE: Methyl Lactate is an ester of methyl alcohol and Lactic Acid (q.v.).

Function(s): Flavoring Agent; Fragrance Ingredient; Solvent; MASKING

Synonym(s): 2-HYDROXY- METHYL ESTER PROPANOIC ACID; 2-HYDROXYPROPANOIC ACID, METHYL ESTER; LACTIC ACID, METHYL ESTER; METHYL (S) - (-) -LACTATE; METHYL 2-HYDROXYPROPANOATE; METHYL 2-HYDROXYPROPIONATE; METHYL ESTER LACTIC ACID; METHYL ESTER PROPANOIC ACID, 2-HYDROXY-; PROPANOIC ACID, 2-HYDROXY-, METHYL ESTER; METHYL 2-HYDROXYPROPANOATE; METHYL 2-HYDROXYPROPIONATE

Use restrictions

Concern Reference
Violation of industry recommendations - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Allowable pH limitsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

Concern Reference
Classified as irritantEuropean Union - Classification & Labelling

Cancer

Concern Reference
Cancer - not classifiable/not likely to be human carcinogen

Ecotoxicology

Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Miscellaneous

Concern Reference
Occupational hazards related to handlingEuropean Union - Classification & Labelling

Data gaps

Concern Reference
48 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical see search results ->NLM PubMed

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

About the ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer