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KOJIC DIPALMITATE

Allergies/immunotoxicity

Concern Reference
Possible human Sensitizer toxicant or allergenScientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS)

Use restrictions

Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - unsafe for use on injured or damaged skin (only for products for use on damaged skin)Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS)
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Burnett CL, Bergfeld WF, Belsito DV, Hill RA, Klaassen CD, Liebler DC, Marks JG Jr, Shank RC, Slaga TJ, Snyder PW, Andersen FA

Cancer

Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Data gaps

Concern Reference
3 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical see search results ->NLM PubMed

Data Sources

Burnett CL, Bergfeld WF, Belsito DV, Hill RA, Klaassen CD, Liebler DC, Marks JG Jr, Shank RC, Slaga TJ, Snyder PW, Andersen FA. Final report of the safety assessment of Kojic acid as used in cosmetics. Int J Toxicol. 2010 Nov-Dec;29(6 Suppl):244S-73. Review.
IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS). 2012. DRAFT OPINION ON Kojic Acid, June 2012. http://ec.europa.eu/health/scientific_committees/consumer_safety/docs/sccs_o_098.pdf
Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS). 2012. DRAFT OPINION ON Kojic Acid, June 2012. http://ec.europa.eu/health/scientific_committees/consumer_safety/docs/sccs_o_098.pdf

About the Skin Deep® ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

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Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer